A major revolution is taking place in the field of healthcare, entitled: The Internet of Medical Things | technology

The Internet of Things (IoT) is one of the most common technological trends of the 21st century, and there are few areas of our daily lives that have not been affected by the “Internet of Things”.

But what is the Internet of Things?

It is basically a network of physical things contained within their software, sensors and various digital technologies that enable them to communicate and exchange data, and this exchange of data and information takes place over the internet, where communication is captured ranges from appliances to almost everything, from ordinary household items such as refrigerators and washing machines to medical appliances and equipment, to the most advanced industrial tools in the world, according to the Tech Guide platform, in a recent report.

This is seen by many analysts and observers as the “future” of technology. It’s already all around us. Online devices are now essential in a range of industries and sectors, and almost everything in our lives today, from agriculture and industry to health care, depends on these technologies. .

The global Internet of Things market is expected to grow from $ 478.36 billion in 2022 to $ 2,465.26 billion by 2029, at a compound annual growth rate of 26.4% during this period, according to a recent Fortune business insight platform .

Healthcare is one of the industries that is already seeing a huge reliance on this advanced technology, as connected medical devices help doctors and nurses remotely monitor patients, access health data and do online follow-ups, and because of it all , the Internet of Things is expected to make a major revolution in global healthcare over the next few years.

Internet of Things

The Internet of Things (IoMT) includes many devices used inside and outside healthcare facilities, and in most cases these elements offer a number of important benefits, including the provision of simplified distance treatment, reduced risk of errors, and increasing the availability of important and vital data related to patient health.

The medical Internet of Things market is growing rapidly, as the value of this market is expected to reach $ 187.6 billion by 2028, from just $ 41 billion in 2020, with an annual growth rate of 29.5%, according to another report through the “Fortune Business Insight” platform, which means that new applications of smart medical technology will become widely available in the near future.

The medical Internet of Things market is growing rapidly as this market is expected to reach $ 187.6 billion by 2028 (Getty Images)

smart patient monitors

A common application of IoT in healthcare is smart patient monitoring, where these devices continuously collect healthcare information from a patient, including data regarding heart rate, blood pressure, temperature and blood oxygen levels.

These devices help make patient health data accessible to physicians and nurses within health facilities, where medical teams can check vital items quickly and remotely from a hospital workstation or from a safe device anywhere in the world. The smart patient monitor can also alert employees if a person’s vital safety levels are exceeded, according to the author “Emily Norton” in a report published a few days ago by the “read writing” platform.

Smart portable healthcare devices and remote patient monitoring devices allow physicians to continue to track a patient’s vital needs without requiring them to stay in health facilities, and in addition, people who have recently been discharged from the hospital can take smart monitoring devices home with them. bring, which enables them. to send important health information to doctors without returning to the hospital, and they can also access this information and know their health condition and the amount of improvement or deterioration in it first hand, where the patient and his doctor can discuss any health information after the internet using video calls, and the doctor can also call the patient immediately to The hospital if the information indicates that his health is in danger, according to what the author mentioned in her report.

There are many medical patient monitors, from large machines designed for hospital settings to light portable items that people can take with them everywhere. Specific use cases for the monitoring technology include general-purpose smart patient monitors, motion sensors that monitor the progression of Parkinson’s disease symptoms, for example, and mental and mood sensors that can help clinicians manage a patient’s mental health.

Smart syringe pumps and drug delivery devices

In her report, Norton notes that proper dosage and drug delivery are essential for patient treatment. However, medication errors remain a common challenge in many medical settings, and these errors can cause serious injuries or adverse reactions that can lead to death.

Here, the Smart Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) can help prevent medication errors by simplifying the process of dosing and administering intravenous medications, using “smart infusion pumps”, drug delivery devices that use innovative technology, and “bar code readers” (bar code readers). ) and medicine information libraries To reduce risks when administering intravenous medication, the healthcare professional selects the area to use these pumps, such as an adult intensive care unit or a neonatal intensive care unit, which will automatically configure the pump according to the patient’s specific needs, and the doctor will then select the drug he needs from the online drug library, and specify the concentration, volume and amount of the required dose.

The author explained that the information received from the drug library helps to prevent many of the most common medication errors, such as dosage and formulation errors that can sometimes lead to serious health problems, and most pumping systems include some preventative measures that helps reduce the frequency of medication errors. For example, the pump may include height and weight information for the patient receiving the drug, which will help ensure that he or she receives the correct dose.

The Internet of Things is a network of physical objects containing software, sensors, and various digital technologies that enable them to communicate and exchange data (Getty Images)

Smart device scanners

Manufacturers often use laser marking to create a unique code for each device or a unique device identifier (UDI) on the surface of coupled medical devices such as orthopedic implants and medical instruments. These codes provide a wealth of information about the specific device, including the history of the device. Version or model number.

Under current regulations, the manufacturer must provide this code in clear language and in a machine-readable format, as smart medical scanners can read this code on the spot, extract relevant information from cloud-based databases and keep records up to date, according to the author in his report .

These devices are connected to the internet, so they can also be used to automatically update records in the cloud while they are being scanned. For example, hospitals that maintain an online database of critical medical instruments can use a smart scanner to update them with new products.

In practice, these scanners can also make it easier for healthcare organizations to meet traceability requirements. Doctors can use the information to quickly check the model number, its expiration date, how often and when used, and doctors can use equipment that has expired, identify and remove devices Or defective and quickly, to ensure that they will not be used in the therapeutic process.

Pills, capsules and smart drugs

In her report, the author touches on smart pills and capsules that help patients take their medication regularly, and they are equipped with special sensors that activate when they hit acid in the patient’s stomach, and then send the capsule information to a portable doctor. device – such as a patch on someone’s chest – to indicate that the pill The portable device that receives the signal automatically creates a record or report showing that the drug was taken successfully, and the connected medical device can also other track information such as the patient’s activity, movement and rest periods as well.

Norton mentioned in its report that the first smart pill approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was the “Abilify Mycite” pill, which contains aripiprazole, an antipsychotic treatment used to treat conditions such as schizophrenia and treat anxiety disorder. Patients with these conditions usually forget to take their medication on time, which causes adverse reactions, including nausea, dizziness, anxiety and the return of symptoms related to the mental health condition that aripiprazole is supposed to treat, and here the smart system can help patients help Follow their commitment to take their medication on time.

Smart pills are not yet widely used, but they may soon help patients and healthcare providers improve medication compliance and detect home use. Future smart pills may also provide additional functionality, as they may help detect a patient’s basal temperature, detect intestinal bleeding, or monitor bowel health. Many of these pills are already in experimental stages and may become commercially viable by the end of this decade. .

Leave a Comment