Tables come in many shapes, sizes and names; It’s a table and Juan in classical, and “sakmala”, “siba”, “miz” and “table” in common according to some Arab countries … By flipping through the pages of history, it becomes clear that the design of tables underwent many changes, before the use of these pieces of furniture at home became indispensable. In Pharaonic Egypt and Mesopotamia, in the third millennium BC, tables, or more precisely stands, lifted things or food from the ground. These “marginal” pieces of furniture were small in size, made of stone, wood or ceramic. Then, by the first and second millennium BC, the table took its place, and was made of metal, as well as more perishable materials. Later, the Greeks and Romans used tables, which were more prominent pieces of furniture in the house. People crowded around large, decorated, well-designed tables. Tables were seen as companions to the activity of lying on the couches, as chairs were usually not shown with the tables.
In the early medieval period, the tables lost their large size, to be replaced by the long ones, why guests sitting on benches and chairs crowded together. These tables were a way to show social status and power.Those who belonged to prominent families or high rank ate at the head of the table while others sat away from the high part or the front of the table. Then tables shrank again in the Middle Ages, due to the decline of large gatherings due to uprisings and political instability, partly due to the rift between Catholics and Protestants in the sixteenth century. At the time, round dining room tables were considered more intimate compared to traditional long dining room tables.
Ming Dynasty in China
On the other hand, an important influence on table design could not be missed by the Ming dynasty, which ruled China from 1386 to 1644 AD. The family had influences in several areas, including furniture; The tables of the Ming Dynasty are made of precious wood, and it shows the skill of the carpenters who have mastered it with working with wood and highlighting the material with a minimum of decoration.
Coffee and tea culture
In the Renaissance, there was a renewed interest in classicism, especially tables decorated in the Roman or Greek style, with innovations in the seventeenth century more simple and elegant for this piece of furniture. Thereafter, the tables took on male forms due to men gathering around them to drink after eating, then the table accompanied the culture of coffee and tea in Europe.New gathering places across Europe. In homes, coffee tables have evolved to have shorter legs as more family members are expected to gather around them, noting that seating was lower.
Nowadays, tables are a big part of interior design; On the various table designs, Emirati interior designer Hoor Al Shehhi told “Madam”: “The larger the table, the more attractive and luxurious it looks,” adding that “the locations of the tables and their number in the room determine in proportion. to the size of the latter and its furniture. ” Detailed discussion of the types of tables, in the following …
1 Coffee table: The surface of the coffee table is usually made of marble, multicolored wood (brown, gray, beige …) or wood that simulates marble or glass (mirrors), and note that the mentioned materials are common in the design of tables in general. An indication that marble is preferred for the coffee table in luxurious interiors (the Majlis, for example, and the formal hall), and that wood is desirable for the coffee table in the living room, with leather and wood fusing in the design, sometimes, and that the table with a transparent glass surface and equipped with menus, is suitable For the narrow room for the purpose of suggesting space.
In addition, the height of the coffee table varies between forty centimeters and fifty centimeters, with the advice of the engineer to keep the coffee table even forty-five centimeters or fifty centimeters away from the bench in the narrow room. On the other side are two square coffee tables, with two marble tops, in the spacious (more than eight meters) long majlis. The engineer points out that the rectangular table is more suitable for a formal hall, with the importance of noting the ceiling unit (the chandelier) directly above it.
2 Side tables: There is no rule in the “modern” decor that requires the side tables to be selected from the same “coffee table”. The side table is usually fifty centimeters in diameter and is arranged in the corner or near the bench. The engineer also pulls up to the table, designed in a way that looks directly integrated with the bench, the legs of which are not five centimeters high, in the living room, which is limited in space.
3 “Console”: This type of table precedes the entrance, which represents the mirror of the house, according to the engineer, with the importance of spreading accessories on the surface of the “console”, and a low seat (buff) below it place or the green plant …
The “console” does not rise more than ninety centimeters, and it has a width of sixty centimeters. In addition, the “console” is located in the hallways of the house, similar to hotels, whether it is placed behind the couch in the Majlis or in the entrance of the bedroom. In the latter case, a large mirror or a painting above the above table, the surface of which is decorated with perfumes, roses and accessories …
4 Dining table and “buffet”: The size of the dining room depends on the large area you will accommodate, with the importance of choosing a round or square table for a small dining room. In addition, the architect attaches importance to the presence of the “buffet”, which is in longitudinal form, as it extends on one of the walls, in the aforementioned space, with a distance of one or one meter and twenty centimeters between the “buffet” and the main table.Similar to the “console”, the “buffet” rises to ninety centimeters, and contains drawers and closed places with doors to store food utensils.In the presence of the dining table and the “buffet” it is not necessary to commit to the use of the same material in the design of the two pieces, noting that wood is easy to combine with several other materials.
5 Garden table (or terrace): The said table is made of plastic, treated wood, stone, glass or any other material that has been treated in an anti-high temperature way, especially in the Gulf countries. It is advisable to go to practical in the limited space when selecting the said table, especially the folding table.
6 Slit table: The aforementioned design is provided with drawers for storing make-up tools, and is arranged in a place near the power point to facilitate the use of the hair dryer. In this context, the engineer drew attention to the transparent glass surface that highlights the contents of the dressing room made of wood (the surface can also be wood), knowing that the wood material is preferable to marble (the aforementioned material absorbs oily make- up when messed up), in this design, to be higher Said table is a large mirror with lighting on the sides or at the back. In the narrow space of the bedroom, the dresser combines the wood design on the wall and for the TV.
On the other hand, the engineer does not prefer tables designed from materials (especially linen), pointing out that the presence of the said substance can be limited to the design aspects, not the surface. In terms of leather, it is more suitable because the said material is easy to clean, and it is included in the design of all parts of the table, whether it is involved with wood or others in the design, knowing that the cloth table suitable for an informal interior (the living room, for example), and it follows the Bohemian style in the interior design. It has a standard height ranging from forty centimeters to fifty centimeters.
Regarding the effect of interior decoration methods on the way the tables are designed, the engineer notes that “square and rectangular shapes are common in the” modern “style, as opposed to the circular shape in the neo-classical style.”