What to do … Lebanon is in a protracted transition phase and a state of uncertainty? Construction Newspaper

Dr. Essam Noaman *

Three years ago, Lebanon was in a state of worsening financial, economic and social collapse. Politicians refer to this situation as a transition period. However, the bad transition phase spurred to worse phases. Moreover, the extremely bad transition periods gave birth to an even more miserable phenomenon, the state of instability. This happened after Najib Mikati’s government resigned after the recent parliamentary elections, which forced the President of the Republic, General Michel Aoun, to hold binding parliamentary consultations, which led to Najib Mikati’s reappointment to form a new government. form.

Mikati did not hesitate to present to Aoun a cabinet statement which is the composition of his current government, replacing four of his ministers with others from outside parliament, with the exception of only one who died in his capacity as a ministerial portfolio has been appointed. government.

Aoun has reservations about Mikati’s new laconic series. Murd was said to have had reservations about his desire to establish an inclusive national political government consisting of thirty ministers, in which most of the country’s major political blocs would be represented. It has also been reported that Mikati does not like the formula proposed by Aoun, and that he will not be sad at all if it is difficult to form a new government during the period that will run from now until the inevitable end. of Aoun’s presidential term on October 31, because his current government will remain in power even if it is not possible to be elected.The new president of the republic.

The survival of the current Mikati government raises several concerns, the most important of which are:

– Fear of the repercussions to proceed in case of a lack of decision because the current government is in the case of doing business, which some consider not to meet to make decisions, while others believe that extraordinary circumstances it allows to make decisions required by the higher interests of the state.

The possibility of slipping into total chaos that would lead to the division of the country into conflicting autonomous regions.

The truth is that Mikati’s government, like all successive governments during the years of the chronic and deepening crisis, was unable to make sound decisions. This constant shortage exacerbates the deteriorating political, economic and social situation, so what needs to be done?

I asked this question to some leaders of opposition parties and blocs, and I extrapolated the answers of some people to power through their stated positions in the various media, what did I find?

Leading members of the National Alliance for Salvation and Change, which includes a number of national and progressive opposition parties and active leaders of various Nasserist, pan-Arab and leftist currents. In order to achieve the following priorities: (a) Securing the necessities of life such as food, medicine and energy. (B) Follow-up procedures for criminal audits in cases of looting of public funds and smuggling of deposits of depositors in banks outside the country. (C) Conducting a national dialogue to agree on a democratic electoral law that guarantees the validity and fairness of popular representation.

Leaders and MPs in Hezbollah have adopted the aforementioned priorities and demands and, above all, stressed the need to support the resistance in the face of the Zionist enemy, fight corruption by bringing the perpetrators to justice, and the formation of an inclusive speed up national government. of making and implementing good decisions at this difficult stage.

The secretary general of the Lebanese Communist Party, Hanna Gharib, explained in an interview with the newspaper “An-Nahar” that his party “has a program of clear moves to object to the budget, the customs dollar , capital controls and everything that contributes to the impoverishment of people. ” He also called for “the formation of popular committees in towns and regions to be at the forefront.” Objectors and rejectors of unfair economic policies.

The leader of the Nasserite Popular Organization, MP Osama Saad, does not see an opportunity or possibility to achieve any of the reform demands under the existing sectarian political system and calls for their removal.

The change deputies (13) differ among themselves on the priorities and demands to be focused on. However, two of them, Mark Daou and Najat Saliba, members of the “Takaddam” party, are committed to its program which calls for stopping the financial collapse as a first step, by uniting the dollar exchange rate, the “Capital Control Act” by to perform. , and began implementing a plan to restructure the banking sector and public finances.

Conservative parties among the people of the regime differ among themselves on many issues and challenges. While the Lebanese Power Party opposes participation in Najib Mikati’s new government, the Free Patriotic Movement opposes the formation of a technocrat government and accepts President Aoun’s call to form a national government that includes thirty political ministers. take on the burdens of the challenging transition period.

The Democratic Gathering bloc led by Taymour Walid Jumblatt seems reluctant to run for office.

The Kataeb party seems reluctant to take part in government, but it is hard to resist Hezbollah and the weapon of resistance.

I tried to distinguish the positions of some delegates and leaders among the opposition as well as among the people of the regime and the authorities on the issue of using part of Lebanon’s gold reserves (286 tons, worth more than $ 16 billion) or part of the state’s public property in practical reform projects and plans to emerge from the financial and economic crisis, I have found that some of them are unfamiliar with the dimensions of this issue, and that some of them are opposed to the use of a portion of gold or state property in reform projects or to restoring the state’s financial solvency under the logical pretext of the corruption of the sectarian quota system to which most of the people belong to power, and hence the inadmissibility to carry out the rescue task From corruption to corruption!

From all these facts and observations the objective researcher can deduce the following facts:

Once Lebanon succeeds in going through a bad transition phase, it will degenerate into a worse phase, and there is a political blockade that pushes the country into a state of instability that will have no end in the foreseeable future.

The people in power may be divided on many issues, challenges and interests, but they are united on one issue, which is to stay in power and continue their existence by consolidating the existing sectarian quota system.

Most of the people of the opposition may have good intentions, but they discover, knowingly or unknowingly, a blatant inability to agree on the most pressing political, economic and social priorities, leading to a scandalous and painful result, which is the inability to build a cohesive front of the national and progressive forces in the country. Able to overcome, seriously and with long breath, the mother of sin, that is, the sectarian quota system, peacefully and democratically, even if it takes a generation or two.

This is how Lebanon dives into its chronic ordeal, and neither its free people nor those seeking freedom, justice and renaissance in its territory see any light at the end of the tunnel of corruption, hypocrisy and long decadence.

Nevertheless, the eternal question remains: What must be done?

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A former deputy and minister.

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