Celebrate Pharaonic life at the British Museum
A huge exhibition will be held in London next October
Wednesday – 7 Dhu al-Hijjah 1443 AH – 06 July 2022 AD Issue no. [
Conservationists at the British Museum cleaning the Enchanted Basin A piece from the temple of King Amenemhat III, Hawara, Egypt 12th Dynasty (British Museum Trustees) Drawing of the World Champollion (Champollion Museum) – Rosetta Stone Star of the exhibition (British Museum) Rosetta Stone Star Gallery (British Museum) Part of a papyrus from the Book of the Dead, Papyrus, Egypt, 1070 BC, Twenty-first Dynasty. (British Museum Trustees) Linen mummy bandage from Saqqara (Louvre Museum – Georges Ponce) Limestone statue of the Egyptian writer from the Sixth Dynasty (Louvre Museum – Georges Ponce)
London: Abeer Mushas
Interest in Egyptian civilization and its secrets never fades. The stories, legends and antiquities that still appear out of the sand are discovered every day by Egyptian hands and draw for us endless pictures of life in ancient Egypt, a complex life full of stories, of love, marriage, conflict, war, power, dominion and death. From these stories, the British Museum experts formulated an interactive museum presentation introducing Pharaonic civilization to the modern digital world through a giant exhibition announced by the Ancient Museum yesterday entitled “Hieroglyphs and Decoding of Ancient Egypt,” which will be held from October. 13 to 19 February (19 February). ) 2023.
The exhibition explores the most important moment in the history of understanding ancient Egyptian history, which led to the decipherment of hieroglyphs, and revises the inscriptions and pieces that helped scholars unlock the world’s oldest civilizations.
Hieroglyphs are the key to understanding buried secrets and deciphering spells, and it is natural that the Rosetta Stone, which is one of the most famous artifacts in the world and one of the most famous exhibits in the British Museum, is the star of the big exhibition is. , the beginning of knowledge and understanding of what was engraved on the stones and pharaonic temples. The discovery of the Rosetta Stone in 1799, with its inscriptions written in hieroglyphs, demotic and the well-known ancient Greek language, was the key to the decipherment of the hieroglyphs in 1822; It represented a breakthrough in expanding the knowledge of the modern world about the history of Egypt by about 3,000 years.
The museum promises its visitors an immersive exhibition of more than 240 objects, including pieces borrowed from international collections and museums, some of which will be on display to the public for the first time. The selected pieces are organized in the narration of the story of the decipherment of the hieroglyphs, a story that takes us back to the Middle Ages, the Arab travelers, then the Renaissance scholars, to the French scientist Jean-François Champollion (1790 – 1832 ) and the Englishman Thomas Young (1773 – 1829). The original Rosetta Stone (the museum currently displays a replica in its halls to preserve the artifact) will be displayed alongside the inscriptions that Champollion and other scholars studied to understand the ancient world.
In addition to the Rosetta Stone, the exhibit also features the “Enchanted Basin,” a granite sarcophagus dating back to 600 BC, covered with inscriptions and drawings of the gods. The statement issued by the museum indicates that there was a widespread belief that the inscriptions on the sarcophagus carry magical powers, and that being in them can provide a cure for the pains of love. The sarcophagus or bowl was found near one of the mosques in Cairo, in an area still known as “Al Hod Al Marsud”. Scientists have concluded that the sarcophagus belonged to a nobleman of the 26th dynasty, and his name was Hapmin.
Among the exhibits, the museum presents a decorated papyrus from the Book of the Dead that dates back 3,000 years, and its length is more than four meters and is exposed on the side of four canopy bottles (around the organs of the body of the preserved)), which was scattered among collections of collectors in France and Britain, and the exhibition gathers them for the first time since the middle of the eighth century ten in one place. Among the items borrowed from the exhibition are the rolls of linen used to wrap a mummy from the collections of the Louvre Museum in Paris, a remnant of the so-called mummy excavation ceremony held in the seventeenth century. is, in which to the participants pieces of linen rolls with hieroglyphs.
Among Champollion’s writings, the display presents some private papers from his memoirs, derived from the possession of the National Library of France and writings by the scientist Thomas Young of the British Library, in addition to a stick used to measure dating back 3,000 years, which is the property of the Egizio Museum in Turin, Italy.The stick represents important evidence for Champollion While studying ancient Egyptian symbols, she helped him understand mathematics in Pharaonic civilization, and discovered that the pharaohs used units of measurement produced by the human body.
Champollion also benefited from the study of the mummy of Mrs. Bachtnour, borrowed from the Museum of Natural Sciences in Northern Umbria and studied by French scientists in the 1920s, and through discussions with his colleagues in Newcastle, he identified the inscriptions on the mummy cover as’ a prayer addressed to various gods of For the soul of the deceased, a few years after he had deciphered the hieroglyphs.
The show celebrates ancient Egyptian life, offers a mix of love stories, poetry and international treaties, shopping lists, tax returns, jokes and food, and does not miss the most important element: a firm belief in the power of the pharaoh and the promise of life in the hereafter.
The exhibition will include digital media and audio to bring the language to life along with the pieces on display. As part of the interpretation, the British Museum worked with fellow Egyptians and citizens of Rashid, whose voices appeared throughout the exhibition.
Commenting on the exhibition, Ilona Regolsky, Curator of Egyptian Written Culture at the British Museum, said: “The decipherment of hieroglyphs is a turning point in a study that continues today to unravel the mysteries of the past. The field of Egyptology is as active as it has always been to provide access to the ancient world. Built on 200 years of continuous work by scholars around the world, the exhibition will celebrate new research and show how Egyptologists continue to shape our dialogue with the past. ”
Hartwig Fischer, Director of the British Museum, in turn said the exhibition “Heroglies: The Conquest of Ancient Egypt” represents 200 years of the remarkable breakthrough in deciphering a long-lost language. For the first time in thousands of years, the ancient Egyptians could speak to us directly. By cracking the code, our understanding of this wonderful civilization has given us an unprecedented window into the people’s past and their way of life.