British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has finally succumbed to pressure from the current calls for his departure following the resignation of dozens of ministers and senior officials in his government and the growing demands among lawmakers that he resign. He appeared weak and isolated outside his residence in Downing Street (the headquarters of the government) to confirm that he would resign as Prime Minister of Britain.
And since yesterday, the political pressure on Johnson has increased, and the last hours before his announcement of his resignation have witnessed intense efforts and constant pressure from his political environment and from the most prominent men of his party to force him to the post. leave and to leave. after a series of successive scandals.
Al-Jazeera correspondent in London, Mina Harbelo, said the resignations in Johnson’s government within 48 hours included more than 55 ministers, state ministers and assistant ministers, including the ministers of justice, home affairs, industry, finance, health, motherhood. , childhood and the state for technology and media affairs, in addition to a large number of senior officials and conservative MPs.
Despite Johnson’s resignation, he is still struggling to remain head of the provisional government, but the Al-Jazeera correspondent reported that the ministers and party representatives who revolted against him said they would not allow him to to continue at the top of the government, and they will look for someone to run the country, pending the election of a leader for them in October next October.
last hour negotiations
Johnson’s support evaporated in what Reuters described as “one of the most volatile days in modern British political history”, with Finance Minister Nazim Al-Zahawi appointed by Johnson on Tuesday joining calls that he must resign.
Al-Zahawi and other cabinet ministers went to Downing Street with a senior non-governmental representative on Wednesday night to tell Johnson that the game was over.
Initially, Johnson refused to leave and appeared to be intent on clinging to his power, said Michael Gove, one of his most prominent members of his cabinet who was among the first to say he should resign. dismissed in an attempt to reaffirm his authority.
But by Thursday morning, with so many resignations, it became clear that his position was untenable.
“This is an unsustainable situation that will only get worse for you, the Conservative Party and, most importantly, the whole country. You have to do the right thing and go now,” Zahawi wrote on Twitter.
Some of those who have remained in their posts, including Defense Secretary Ben Wallace, said what prevented them from leaving was their commitment to maintaining the security of the country.
This nation is at a crisis point with a raw Prime Minister who has lost the support of his MPs Party members and a wider public, but is clinging to office and inflicting great damage on our democracy. Anyone who now serves under this charlatan is a national disgrace #BorisJohnsonMustGo pic.twitter.com/yYCsJHZg7G
– dominic dyer (@ domdyer70) 6 July 2022
There were so many ministerial resignations that the government faced the threat of paralysis. Despite his impending departure, Johnson was filling vacancies in his cabinet.
“It is now our duty to make sure that these people have a functioning government,” Michael Ellis, a government minister, told parliament.
Britain’s Foreign Secretary Liz Truss on Thursday called for “calm and unity” following the resignation of British Prime Minister Boris Johnson.
“Prime Minister has made the right decision,” Truss wrote in a tweet from Bali, where she is expected to attend a G20 ministerial meeting on Friday. “The government under Boris’ leadership has achieved many things, to get Brexit done, vaccines, support for Ukraine. Now we need calm, unity and continue to rule until we find a leader “new”.
on the opposing front; Labor opposition leader Keir Starmer has said he will cast a vote of confidence in parliament if the Conservatives do not move to oust Johnson immediately.
“If they do not get rid of him, Labor will intervene in the national interest and file a motion of no confidence because we cannot continue with a prime minister who has been clinging to power for months and months,” he added.
From Brexit, parties during constraint, the economy and corruption, Boris Johnson has led time and time again. Enough is enough, Boris Johnson must go.#BorisJohnsonMustGo #brexit #Brittanje pic.twitter.com/qU2edxZUM9
– Volt UK (@UkVolt) 6 July 2022
Russia: Johnson does not like us and we do not like him
at the level of external reactions; The Kremlin said on Thursday it hoped “more professionals” would take over power in the UK.
“We hope that people who are more professional and able to make decisions through dialogue will one day come to power in Britain,” said Russian Presidential Spokesman Dmitry Peskov in response to a question about this political crisis. Johnson apparently overthrew.
Peskov added that the British prime minister “does not like us very much, and neither do we.”
Maria Zakharova, a spokeswoman for Russia’s foreign ministry, said the situation in the UK was “evidence that” Western (Western) liberal regimes are going through a deep political, ideological and economic crisis. “
Kyiv in turn thanked British Prime Minister Boris Johnson for his support of Ukraine in “the most difficult times” after the Russian war over it, after Johnson announced his resignation from the leadership of the Conservative Party, paving the way for his departure from the post of prime minister.
“Thank you Boris Johnson … for always being at the forefront of supporting Ukraine,” Presidential Assistant Mikhailo Podolyak wrote on Twitter.
Johnson’s potential successors
Many have said that Johnson should leave immediately and give power to his deputy, Dominic Raab, claiming that he has lost the trust of his party, and according to some estimates and opinion polls, these are the most prominent figures who can take over from Johnson :
Ben Wallace: The 52-year-old defense minister is more popular than ever in the atmosphere of the Russian war in Ukraine. Although he denied that he was interested in leading the Conservative Party, he was seen in the party’s ranks as an outspoken and capable figure.
A poll conducted by YouGov among members of the Conservative Party, the results of which were published on Thursday, revealed that Ben Wallace, the Minister of Defense since 2019, would beat all his other rivals in the event of a election to elect a new Conservative. leader.
Bennie Mordaunt: Foreign Minister Penny Mordaunt, 49, was a key figure in the 2016 Brexit campaign and has since worked on negotiating trade agreements.
Mordaunt, who served in the reserves in the Royal Navy, is known for her oratory skills. According to opinion polls, she has recently risen in popularity among conservatives and is considered a serious choice as prime minister.
And a poll conducted by YouGov suggests she’s the second serious candidate to take over the party’s leadership, after Ben Wallace.
Rishi Sunak: Finance Minister Sunak, the first Indian politician to hold the post, resigned from the government on Tuesday in a surprise move, placing him among the favorites to succeed Johnson, after his popularity declined due to his wealth and the tax arrangements of his rich wife. dissatisfaction unleashed in the midst of a purchasing power crisis.
Sunak, whose grandparents immigrated from the North Indies to the UK in the 1960s, was an analyst at Goldman Sachs and later worked for speculative funds and in 2015 became an MP.
The 42-year-old proponent of Brexit, Sunak, took over as finance minister in 2020, but has been criticized for inadequate measures to curb price increases.
– Liz Truss: Her outspokenness and willingness to interfere in the culture wars made Foreign Minister Liz Truss hugely popular at the Conservative Party base. Truss, 46, was given the sensitive position as a reward for her work as Minister of International Trade.
While in office, the free trade specialist who voted to stay in the European Union before moving to the other camp entered into a series of post-Brexit trade agreements. Her hard-line stance on the war in Ukraine or her threats to break away from the European Union’s agreement on Northern Ireland impressed some conservatives.
Johnson came to power almost three years ago and promised to take Britain out of the European Union and save it from the bitter strife that followed the 2016 referendum to leave the bloc.
Since then, some Conservatives have enthusiastically supported the journalist and former mayor of London while others have supported him, albeit with reservations, because he could win parts of the electorate that would normally reject their party.
This was confirmed in the December 2019 election, but his administration’s often belligerent and chaotic approach to government and a series of scandals have exhausted the satisfaction of many of his deputies, while opinion polls show he is no longer popular with the general public. .
Johnson’s leadership has been embroiled in scandals over the past few months as police have fined him for violating COVID-19 lock-in laws and published a damning report on the behavior of officials in his Downing Street office who violated lock-in rules.
In the latest scandal, Johnson apologized for appointing a deputy to a government position, even after learning that the politician was the focus of complaints about sexual misconduct.
The Downing Street narrative has changed several times about what and when the prime minister knew about the previous actions of the politician who was forced to resign. His spokesman blamed a problem with Johnson’s memory.
In addition to the scandals, there were also policy shifts, a defense of a legislator who broke lobbying rules, and criticism that he did not do enough to tackle inflation as many Britons struggled to cope with rising fuel and food prices.
The crisis comes at a time when the British are experiencing the heaviest pressure in decades on their financial conditions, in the wake of the “Covid-19” pandemic and the continuing rise in inflation. The British economy is expected to be the weakest of the major countries in 2023, after Russia.
It also comes after several years of internal divisions caused by a fierce vote in 2016 for Britain to leave the European Union, and also in the face of threats facing the formation of the UK itself, with growing demands for another referendum on Scottish independence, which could be the second in 10 years.