Within the national efforts to keep pace with developments in the arena at local, regional and international level, in view of the increase in economic crime represented by corruption crimes, money laundering, electronic crimes and organized crime in all its forms, it is necessary to put in place control measures to prevent the development of those crimes which adversely affect society and national and economic benefits. .
Consequently, the Kingdom of Bahrain laid the basic building block that preserves these profits and promotes a secure economic environment to promote the wheel of development and renaissance. 109 issued. of 2011 amending some provisions of Decree No. (69) for the year 2004 reorganizing the Ministry of the Interior, in which it declared the establishment of the General Department for the Fight against Corruption and Economic and Electronic Security, under whose umbrella a number of security departments fall, with the aim to preserve the pillars of the national economy, including the Department of Combating Cybercrime.
Colonel Ahmed Saad Al-Rumaihi, director of the cybercrime department at the General Department of Anti-Corruption and Economic and Electronic Security, indicated that the department specializes in combating all electronic crimes, including electronic account theft, e-mail penetration, abuse. , defamation, insult or extortion committed using modern information and communication technology, as well as its detection and detection. Because of the danger it poses to the safety of the individual and society, as the administration is eager to provide its employees with the latest technical equipment to help them obtain accurate information and increase productivity, in addition to continuous training for technical frameworks, holding specialized seminars and conferences, and holding courses and workshops in the field of combating crime in which the department specializes.
Colonel Al-Rumaihi emphasized that the administration in its strategy in the fight against cybercrime relies on modern security sciences, as it aims to reduce the digital risk environment to reduce crimes committed by modern information and communication technology through law enforcement. , works to educate users and prevent cybercrime. in all its new forms, and receives and directs security reports and refers to the Public Prosecution, implements strategies related to combating information technology crimes in the Kingdom of Bahrain, in addition to monitoring and reviewing legislation with the competent authorities, and co-operation and participation to international efforts to combat transnational cybercrime, all of which are efforts to achieve the security objective of reducing cybercrime and to protect the community from the negative consequences of this scourge today, as users’ awareness first line of defense for proactive prevention represented by cybercrime risks.
He explained that the patterns of cybercrime are of an advanced nature, involving different types and taking various forms, the most prominent of which are:
The concept of electronic piracy refers to illegal practices aimed at circumventing the automated data processing system and information technology to gain unauthorized access to accounts and operating systems or destroy electronically processed documents, through various methods that may rely on social engineering or software. , and the criminal nature of piracy differs from one case to another, depending on the criminal motive of the offenders, as the motive may be personal and the motive may be material to obtain illegal financial gains, such as stealing credit card data, the transfer of money from bank accounts unfairly, in addition to fishing, threatening and extortion by publishing private and confidential information in the case of The victims did not pay or transfer the required amount of money.
It is the exploitation of the appearance of children and minors (under the age of 18) in digital pornographic content by images, films, scenes and clips of a pornographic nature or sexual content on the Internet, including scenes or images of sexual abuse of children, who are punishable by law In most countries of the world, most countries of the world deal decisively and seriously with this type of crime against anyone convicted of involvement, trafficking or the circulation of child pornographic images or films. It also receives the attention and care of many international bodies and organizations such as UNICEF and the Police Organization International “Interpol”.
This is one of the types of content crimes related to the misuse of modern information and communication technologies, especially social networking sites, where these activities center around theft and collection of information and personal data, then the systematic threat and terrorism of the targeted victims by various electronic methods and means, ranging from surveillance, insult, libel, harassment, electronic bullying, etc. Through social networking sites, online games, blogs, chat rooms and other sites.
Viruses and malware
It is software that infects devices, computers and networks that have the ability to multiply and spread rapidly. Viruses and malicious software can be infected by suspicious links, pages and electronic promotional advertisements on the Internet or received by email or even text messages. It can also be infected by browsing and downloading pirated digital files from the Internet or to be transferred from one device to another.
Malicious viruses cause serious damage to targeted devices and computers, ranging from partial deactivation to full encryption of all files in the cache, and in some more severe cases, malware infection is linked to an organized work, where the perpetrators ask victims to pay amounts pay money in exchange for deleting encryption and repairing digitally affected files, which we call cybercrime ransomware.
Online credit cards
Electronic fraud takes many forms, but they are all aimed at getting offenders to illegally obtain money from victims, which can be by stealing credit card numbers, paying the victim to send money orders or digital checks to buy fake products. to do the internet, or to disclose their personal information related to their bank accounts and accompanying cards by phone call, SMS, email or suspicious online stores, which ultimately results in the perpetrators being able to deceive the victims through the unauthorized and illegal use of credit card data.
On the dangers of cybercrime on the individual and society, the Director of the Cybercrime Fighting Department explained that the spread of cybercrime leads to problems that threaten the security and economy of society, given the lack of national capabilities capable of cybercrime within combating a society harms the digital reliability of the business environment, which It negatively affects economic development plans and the digital transformation process of modern societies.
On the other hand, cybercrime related to content, the spread of rumors, false news, intellectual terrorism, insults, slander, libel and other crimes committed using modern information and communication technologies also directly affect social stability, security and civil peace, especially in the face of global challenges and crises, which require security efforts in conjunction with Concerned National Authorities to create a secure and clean Internet.
With regard to the penalties imposed by the Bahraini legislature in electronic matters, the Bahraini legislature enacted Act No. (60) of 2014 focused on information technology crimes, which is one of the modern laws to combat cybercrime due to the unique legal materials and procedures associated with criminals. activities and crimes against technical systems and data. Information, crimes related to information technology means, and crimes related to content, where the penalties prescribed by law ranged from imprisonment for periods ranging from 3 months to 10 years, and a fine of 3 000 to 100 000 dinars, according to the crime committed, as well as related legal procedures. Collection of digital evidence of all kinds, the authorities of the Public Prosecution Office and the competent courts in dealing with cases as provided in the Information Technology Act Crime and crimes committed in any Bahraini law other than theirs using the information technology system.
Colonel Al-Rumaihi said the administration plays a prominent role in educating the public about cybercrime, as the administration holds many educational seminars, workshops and awareness lectures in schools, universities and government and private institutions with the aim of educating the citizen. role in the preservation of the country’s profits, and the reporting of crime before it takes place, in addition to the publication of many awareness topics by various audio, print and visual media, and through the websites of the Ministry of Home Affairs and the General Administration of Anti-Corruption and Economic and Electronic Security on social media platforms.
The department works to monitor these practices and tendencies of suspicious activities through a technical team that works all day to take a proactive role before the crime takes place, especially those aimed at deceiving, rumors and falsehoods. to spread news, or to harm the business environment and commercial. activities, and the technical team works with government agencies. Relevant to the blocking of those sites after legal action has been taken in this regard.
On how to report cybercrime, the director of the cybercrime department explained that it is possible to report cybercrime by submitting a report through personal attendance at the administration building, or by submitting it through one of the security centers deployed in the Kingdom of Bahrain, or by dialing the hotline (992), or through other electronic channels of the Ministry of the Interior, while the department provides guidance and technical support services in an automated manner to respond to the inquiries of citizens and residents about suspicious electronic activities through the (WhatsApp) application on the telephone number (17108108).
He explained that in order to protect personal information and avoid cyberattacks, all users themselves must follow the rules and conduct of electronic protection as the first line of defense, by not trusting strangers, discussing personal matters on the internet and no personal to send photos. or videos to anyone, or the publication of personal data via the Internet such as addresses, telephone numbers and e-mail addresses, not to disclose private passwords to anyone, the use of complex passwords and work to change them constantly, and strong privacy settings must applications on social networks are maintained, and the use of the two-factor verification feature if any, and should not Handle emails sent from strangers because it may contain malicious software, does not circulate anonymous applications and software , as well as immediate reporting in case of suspicious electronic activity, and does not hesitate to communicate with the Cybercrime Division about this.