The Democratic Turn

When writing the history of the twenty-first century, the current third decade will testify to the fact that the democratic idea has undergone a major overhaul, after decades of prosperity that began since the end of the Cold War at the end of the eighteenth century. For nearly three decades, democracy seemed to be the solution to all the problems of the universe, from poverty to equality to the resolution of the Arab-Israeli conflict to the establishment of peace and justice on earth.

The “democratic idea” is based on principles, the first of which is the centrality of the individual’s role in politics, the economy and society; The second is that individuals form a market among themselves, which is governed by the rules of supply and demand, and if money is the basis for trading in market economies, then the majority of “votes” are the basis for governing in politics. The third is that the transfer of power between the “majority” and “minority” takes place on the basis of a national consensus on the basic principles of the decision, which takes the form of a general understanding or a constitutional document.

The case has details, but the principle in it is that it satisfies people of the evil of conflict and conflict, pushes the most qualified among them to the advanced ranks of wealth and power and gives the opportunity for the least share to get the opportunity. in the next democratic cycle of elections. During these three decades of spreading and dominating the idea on the world system after the defeat of “socialism” and its collapse with the Soviet Union, it became a moral weapon used to invade countries and peoples.

It is certain that the United States, after being sure that Saddam Hussein’s Iraq did not have nuclear weapons, was the reason for his invasion; The reason changed to the absence of democracy, and then it was generalized to the entire Middle East. The idea was very popular among the political elites in the region, and it found wide echoes among the youth, whose uprisings were soon called the “Arab Spring”.

… which did not last long before it turned into the domination of the Muslim Brotherhood in one country, civil wars in other countries, and a state of instability and unrest in all countries.

The situation changed a lot from the “idea” with the third decade of the twenty-first century, and in a poll published by the BBC. with me. The London-based CNN, based on the Arabic “scale or barometer”, found that the majority in the countries Iraq, Tunisia, Libya, Jordan, Mauritania, Lebanon, Egypt and the Palestinian territories regard democracy as an obstacle to economic growth. . where the state’s economy represents a more serious challenge than the “Covid 19 pandemic”.

The majority expressed their need for a “strong man” capable of performance. In Iraq, the percentage of those who approved this proposal was 87%, in Tunisia 81% and in Lebanon 73%, which are countries that have already practiced the democratic experiment according to its basic rules.

But the turning point did not only occur in the Arab countries, it rather came to the fore significantly with the great rise of China in recent years, as its experience, coupled with the Asian experience in general, efficiency and performance an advanced measure made. in the integrity of government and state administration. It seemed in a way in response to the American proposal of the current democratic administration, which divided the world into “democratic and authoritarian”, where the former fall into the circle of angels, while the latter are in the circle of demons .

The democratic turn during the current decade finds its nourishment in many international democratic experiences, the most important of which is the American experience itself at the present stage. On the one hand, it appears that the American consensus on the issue of U.S. foreign policy, for example, has been removed from practice among various administrations between George Bush jr., Barack Obama, Donald Trump, and Joseph Biden.

In domestic politics, which has always been based on the historical legitimacy of the US Constitution, consensus has been greatly lacking, the most prominent manifestation of which was recently in the rulings of the Supreme Constitutional Court, which has always been security. valve for general elections and laws and legislation, which can not be linked to the policies of every US administration. The court’s recent adoption of a federal law repealing the abortion legalization law has opened the door to repealing other gun laws, U.S. election rules and ways to ratify and recognize their legality.

The court no longer has that federal sanctity it once had, and all because under one president – Donald Trump – three ultra-conservative judges entered the court, making it susceptible to many conservative right-wing extremism for a long time . The most dangerous is that repealing federal laws can become a political habit when things turn around again between Republicans and Democrats.

The current turmoil in the US political system – and it is likely to continue for a long time, which could start with the midterm elections next November, or be slightly delayed until the next presidential election in 2024, and Donald Trump is expected to Of being his stars – is not an accident in America alone, but it happens the same way in other ancient democracies. “Brexit” was a major upheaval in British policy of leaving the European Union due to immediate “populist” policies, which now prove, after the experience of the “Covid-19 pandemic” and the Russo-Ukrainian war, that it has weakened not only Britain but the whole of Europe, economically, politically and strategically. The expansion of the American democratic weakness to Europe created a major strategic imbalance that gave China and Russia a great opportunity to review the international system and demand the rebuilding of the international system on new foundations different from those the end of the Cold reigned. War.

The truth is that the turning point does not only extend to Middle Eastern countries where democratic traditions were not old, such as Iraq, Tunisia and Lebanon, where paralysis is almost permanent in political systems incapable of generating fruitful economic policies, but it extends to a state like Israel, known worldwide as a “flawed” democracy. »Because of his dealings with the Palestinians. The reality is that the Israeli political system has been plagued by confusion, which has led to five consecutive elections, the last of which will not be the November election.

The recent experiment was based on a fragile alliance or coalition that lasted barely a year based on a single political interest, which is to prevent Netanyahu from coming to power, which is an inadequate condition for running a state, let alone major strategic decisions related to war or peace. Simply put, the democratic system reaches a state of paralysis at the moment of great division within the state and the inability of its political components to agree on major strategic issues.

In France, despite Macron’s election as president in a second round of elections, his party did not gain a majority in the legislature, which became divided between his party and the Socialists and the ultra-conservatives. All this in a political map that makes decision-making, as well as major strategic core decisions, a major political ordeal and nightmare.

The phenomenon of the democratic turning point thus places the whole world in a state of comprehensive overview of what the situation has been since the end of the Cold War and the proclamation of the end of history; As is usually the case with historical turning points, human thinking must think anew!

* Quoted from “Al-Masry Al-Youm”

All published articles represent only the opinion of its authors.

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