The economic value of volunteer initiatives

Human societies need to address their multiple and changing problems, including: the problem of poverty, unemployment, illiteracy, health, housing, roads, hygiene, desertification, social and domestic violence, employment and others. These problems differ from state to state, and from society to society.

There is a political and social contract under which the government – that is, a government – has the responsibility to solve and address these problems, and to provide for society’s food needs; and dwelling; education; Health, a healthy environment and others, through its financial and human resources, powers, tools and resources unique to it from other legal entities. However, there is consensus among all human societies that the government, no matter how much economic and human power it comes, cannot solve all these problems, or provide for all the needs of the people.

Therefore; There was a need for the community to intervene on its own to address some of these issues, reduce them, or to provide for some of its needs, either individually or in coordination with the government and its participation. Organizations to address some of these issues, especially those that suddenly appear and affect or restrict community relationships.

Like having people who don’t get enough food; The locals are taking the initiative to provide food to those who need it. Like the presence of individuals who do not have a home to hide in; Some locals are taking the initiative to provide them with modest housing. such as having sick individuals who cannot go to hospitals; Some residents donate money to enable them to go to hospital for treatment. This while the state’s responsibility is to ensure the availability of quantities of food to all citizens in the country, and to ensure that there is no shortage leading to famine. Building homes for locals or preparing the necessary raw materials for construction, building health centers and hospitals, preparing medical staff to enable the general public to go there for treatment, and so on.

These are the social initiatives undertaken by the members of the same community to help others and provide for their needs; It is known as (charitable work), (voluntary work) or (voluntary initiatives), and as it has a human, religious and societal value, it also has an economic value through the total financial resources spent in it from the people’s account and their money, not the state’s account, and the results and consequences it leads to Priceless positive.

According to United Nations statistics (available empirical data, the significant economic contribution of volunteering. Surveys conducted in the United States of America indicate that volunteering is equivalent to $ 9 million in free space, and it requires 25 1, 1 billion hours per year or 578,000 leisure jobs with an estimated value of $ 11 billion, in the Netherlands 802 million hours per year are spent on volunteer work, or $ 65.1 on leisure work is required. estimated at $ 57 billion annually, and in South Korea 5648,983 people volunteered for more than 451 million hours in 1999, with a value exceeding $ 2 billion in earnings. suspected that volunteering accounts for between 8 and 14 percent of GDP).

There is no doubt that the voluntary sector or the voluntary initiatives undertaken by the community are economically complementary to what both the public and private sectors do to bring about economic development, and consequently it has an important economic return directly in people their lives are reflected. Not only that, but studies show that the financial return used in the voluntary sector is many times better than the return on money used by the public sector when providing social services, and the indirect cost of public sector services in the Malaysian sector (70)%) In collective voluntary organizations it does not exceed (10%).

It is no secret that volunteering plays an important economic role through the equitable distribution of income among members of society, although this role is not clear even to those who undertake voluntary work and voluntary initiatives Underdevelopment, which causes the society in such a decay. Called social dichotomy, since society is divided into two separate groups: the first group is a limited group representing the rich class, responsible for the bulk of income, wealth, wealth and rule, underdevelopment and leadership.

The second group represents the majority of the population suffering from poverty, the spread of illiteracy and disease, and the high rate of population growth, which makes the achievement of national unity and social stability difficult, and the issue is exacerbated by the cultural conflict between they. two groups, making these countries vulnerable to economic and economic instability.

Here comes the role of volunteering, as volunteering leads to the attainment of more justice in the distribution of income among members of society, and charitable spending that transfers income from the rich to the poor reduces that area, that is, they achieve more in the distribution of classroom income, and work to remove social divisions from society.

Volunteering generally gathers wasted energy and harnesses it to serve construction and economic development through charities, organizations and bodies; Therefore, the developed countries were eager to consolidate the concept of volunteering and encourage it among all groups and different social strata, and to create the appropriate climate to encourage all individuals to care and creativity, and in general to to create financial incentives and to allocate specialized cases in which volunteering can be managed. To increase the percentage of volunteers in various fields.

Volunteer initiatives can be developed into real, productive and permanent markets and jobs, such as careers and businesses related to daily life and businesses and services around them in education, healthcare, energy and essential trades related to people’s daily lives. Thus, voluntary initiatives develop into productive trades and labor markets, then the participants turn into leaders and social activists who add meaning to their lives and a sense of satisfaction and social integration.

therefore; It becomes clear to us that the modern view of volunteering is that it is seen as the social capital, which is a group of human energies and interactions that combine together to achieve common goals, voluntarily and automatically, away from the state monopoly . .

We summarize the above:

1. The development of living conditions, the complexity of social and economic life, and the rapid technological developments dictated a difficult reality that made states sometimes unable to keep up with it, which hampered the joint efforts of the whole society requires to confront these conditions. From this point of view, the role of volunteering emerges as an active supporter of official government work.

2. Volunteering is one of the most important means used to participate in the advancement of societies in our time, and volunteering is becoming increasingly important day by day because governments, whether in developed or developing countries, are no longer able to to meet the needs of their individuals and societies in the face of increasing social needs.

3. When talking about the economic importance of volunteering, it is necessary to refer to the voluntary work sector and voluntary initiatives, which are complementary to the public and private sectors in participating in the development process of which the goal eventually became human.

4. One of the major problems facing the government’s economic policy in all countries of the world is the provision of jobs to citizens and volunteering has contributed in its development role to rectify this issue by providing many jobs. This contribution has exceeded job creation (despite its importance) to be linked to its quality characterized by its direct connection to the needs of real community.

5. Volunteering has a positive impact on the national economy, and it means that volunteering is a successful economic investment. Therefore, we need to consolidate national values ​​and principles through a culture that works to consolidate and activate volunteering among members of society and institutions, from primary schools to university level.

Volunteering, like other sectors, contributes to the national income, as this sector contributes to the provision of tangible services in the field of environment, health and education, and to helping the needy, including the disabled, children, women, the elderly, the disabled and the elderly Based on the social consequences of volunteering, there are economic consequences of volunteering based on:

Recognition that the social dimension is the best way to achieve economic development, and therefore community development is one of the most important pillars of comprehensive development.

Contribute to the development of the concept of partnership between official state institutions and civic organizations.

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** Adam Center for the Defense of Rights and Freedoms / 2009-222022
It is an independent, non-profit civil society organization whose mission is to defend rights and freedoms in various countries of the world, under the slogan (We honored the children of Adam), regardless of color, gender, religion or sect . To achieve its goal, it seeks to spread awareness and human rights culture in society, provide advice and legal support, and encourage the peaceful use of rights and freedoms. It also monitors violations and violations against individuals and groups, and calls on relevant governments to enforce human rights standards in various directions …
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