Egypt begins digital transformation. A study by the Egyptian Observatory

The Egyptian Observatory, which is affiliated with the Egyptian Center for Thought and Strategic Studies, has published a study entitled: “Egypt is on the way to a world of digital transformation”, by researcher Heba Zain, who dealt with the projects and initiatives taken. over the past few years, which can be described as a digital boom in all sectors of the state.

The study confirmed that the state is moving forward in its strategic direction towards building a digital Egypt, and has worked to improve and develop the information and communication technology infrastructure, and has drawn up plans and strategies to achieve its goals to achieve a coherent and digitally integrated government. , and the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology strategy for digital transformation revolves around 3 objectives The most important are: Cooperation with the rest of the state agencies in providing easy and accessible services to the Egyptian citizen, providing highly efficient and stable telecommunications services, as well as to support young people to compete effectively in local and global labor markets.

The study indicated that the state has taken several steps within the framework of the transition to a digital society and the management of all its measures, represented by the provision of all government services to citizens in a digital form, by government services on the digital To introduce Egypt. platform, in addition to the development of government performance, and the associated transition. and the consequent establishment of giant data centers.

She explained that in the context of the transition to the digital economy, structural reforms have been carried out, including (the establishment of the National Payments Board, the establishment of the Supreme Council for Cyber ​​Security, and the establishment of the Supreme Council for Digital Transformation), as well as the launch of Egypt’s national e-commerce strategy in 2017, in collaboration with the United Nations Trade Organization and development “unification”; This is in the context of encouraging e-commerce, as well as launching the Egyptian Information Infrastructure Project to link more than 70 government databases.

The study noted that with respect to the Egyptian digital infrastructure, Egypt has two aspects of the digital infrastructure, one of which is international and the other local. In terms of international digital infrastructure, Egypt is a major corridor of data in the world, and about 90% of the data that passes between Asia and Europe passes through it thanks to the excellent geographical location it enjoys.

Regarding the plan to build the Egyptian person and provide digital jobs, the study indicated that 95,000 students are targeted, including 55,000 students, in various fields of technology in collaboration with international companies, as well as 20,000 students targeted for training in the fields. of advanced technology through the programs and initiatives of the Ministry.It also aims to train 20 000 pupils in the areas of basic computer skills.

In this regard, several initiatives have been launched aimed at building the Egyptian person and achieving the digital transformation process, the most prominent of which were: the “Our Opportunity … Digital” initiative, which is under the supervision of Information Technology Industrial Development Authority (ITIDA). ; With the aim of improving the contribution of small and medium-sized companies to the implementation of digital transformation projects, as well as increasing the competitiveness of these companies in the local and global market, thereby contributing to the creation of jobs for young people, and the “Our Future .. Digital” initiative, which is overseen by the Information Technology Industry Development Authority (ITIDA). Where the initiative is a completely free grant, to train young people in the fields of information technology in high demand by a virtual academy in a public-private partnership, and it is aimed at training 100,000 young people at a distance in the fields of web software, data science and e-marketing, through 12 training courses that are most in demand and growing at local and global levels, and the “Your work from home” initiative, under the auspices of the Information Technology Institute (ITI) ); Aiming to educate and train young people on independent skills and remote work, as well as to provide excellent income opportunities through partnership with a number of independent platforms Mahara Tech platform and 6548 sign language learners.

In addition to the presidential initiative “Africa for Creative Games and Digital Applications”, it aims to develop the capabilities and qualify 10,000 Egyptian and African youth to develop digital games and applications using the latest technologies, as well as the establishment of 100 Egyptian and African startups in this field.

The Future Technology Pioneers Presidential Initiative is a digital platform to provide training in 45 training courses in advanced technology disciplines, in collaboration with major technology companies, and with accredited certificates from international universities. The initiative is implemented by the Technology Innovation and Entrepreneurship Center of the Information Technology Industry Development Authority (ITIDA). ITIDA).

As well as the technology incubator program, which is an integrated program to help entrepreneurs turn their business plans and product models into successful businesses, and aims to support emerging companies and foster their innovative solutions that can achieve economic returns and exports and jobs for Egyptian cadres, as well as encouraging and raising awareness of entrepreneurship In the communications and information technology sector, approximately 120 companies graduated from the program. The program offers 60 thousand pounds of financial support divided into 3 payments, as well as 120 thousand pounds in natura services represented in (consulting services – software and computer hardware – marketing services), in addition to providing technical guides and mentors, and a fully equipped workplace.

The digital learning initiative through the digital platform “Maharah Tech”, aims to train young people in a number of precise technological disciplines in the Arabic language through 10 jobs, and more than 17 000 students already have an approved certificate through this platform acquired.

The BSecure initiative, launched by the National Telecommunications Institute, where an agreement was reached with 7 universities to train students in the fields of information security and infrastructure, and training began on the establishment, operation and maintenance of fiber optic networks .

And the “Joseph Tech” initiative, implemented in collaboration with the Ministry of Social Solidarity represented by Nasser Social Bank, with £ 100 million investments to create jobs for young people and train them professionally, by the companies participating in the initiative participate, and aims to link training programs with industry needs to include training in specialized technologies.

And the “Qudwa-Tech” initiative aims to support and empower Egyptian women using information technology by supporting the skills of craft entrepreneurs in the field of digital marketing and e-commerce, targeting 10,000 beneficiaries through direct and online training and awareness programs for a period of 3 years.

The “Egypt’s Digital Youth” initiative was launched by the signing of a cooperation protocol between the National Telecommunications Institute and Nasser Social Bank; With the aim of enabling young people to train through digital platforms, the initiative provides soft loans to finance laptops for pupils enrolled for various training programs at the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology.

The study indicated that there is progress in Egypt, reflecting the country’s efforts to expand the adoption of modern technologies to provide Egypt’s digital services. Egypt ranked first in Africa and ranked regionally and fifteenth worldwide in the 2021 Kearney Index of Global Service Locations.

Egypt has advanced 3 places in the eGovernment Development Index, which measures the readiness and ability of national institutions to use information and communication technologies to provide public services, up to 111 in 2020 compared to 114 in 2018.

Egypt has also advanced two places in improving performance in digital inclusion, which measures the extent to which digital inclusion is achieved by enabling individuals and societies to use information and communication technologies effectively, and to contribute to their ability to improve digital societies and economies, and thus occupy. the 50th place in 2020 compared to the 52nd year 2017, and the index confirmed that Egypt is one of the 10 fastest growing countries in digital inclusion during 2020.

Egypt also advanced 8 places in the Global Network Readiness Index, which measures the extent to which countries can benefit from information technology in preparation for the future, to 84th place in 2020 compared to 92nd in 2019. It has 44 places in the mobile advanced telephone e-wallet regulation index, which measures the effectiveness of the controls and rules applied to these mobile wallets, to 35 in 2020 compared to 79 in 2019, and also advanced 54 positions in the telecommunications regulator performance index, which changes the organizational structure of the telecommunications and information technology sector, to stand 41 in 2020 compared to the 95th place in 2019.

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