Our fight in Syria continues, regardless of those who support it

Heads of sponsoring states of the Astana process at today’s meeting (Getty)

The leaders of Iran, Turkey and Russia, the three sponsors of the Astana process on Syria, held their third meeting in Tehran on Tuesday evening to discuss the Syrian crisis.

At the beginning of the meeting, with the participation of Iranian President Ibrahim Raisi, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Russian President Vladimir Putin, each of them presented his country’s positions on the Syrian situation, which showed harmony between the Iranian and Russian positions, and a contrast with the Turkish position.

The Turkish president said that the biggest benefit for the Syrian people would be to get rid of the “Kurdish People’s Protection Units”.

Erdogan said, “I see that Iran and Russia understand Turkey’s security concerns, but words alone are not enough,” and expressed his hope that his country would enjoy the support of Russia and Iran to “confront terrorism in Syria.”

Erdogan stressed that Turkey would not be silent on the movements of “terrorists” in Syria, saying he wanted to push them far from its borders, and called on other parties not to expect Turkey to remain silent stay ahead of these organizations. , adding that the successive Astana meetings “did not lead to political solutions to the Syrian crisis.” He called for “full support for the acceleration of a political and diplomatic solution” to this crisis.

He was of the opinion that the extension of the United Nations’ humanitarian aid to Syria for six months was not enough, in an implicit criticism of the pressure exerted by Moscow in the UN Security Council.

Touching on the situation in Idlib, the Turkish president said that the calm seen in this region “is the result of the Astana process,” noting at the same time that “Turkey understands the concern about the presence of some parties in Idlib. ” and emphasized Turkey’s efforts to find basic solutions in this region, He added that Ankara “offers humanitarian support to four million refugees (…) and half a million refugees who have returned to their country.”

Erdogan called on the Syrian refugees to be supported “so that Turkey alone cannot carry their support.”

In a speech at the meeting, the Iranian president confirmed that Tehran “will continue to strongly support Syria,” calling on the United States to “withdraw from Syria quickly.”

Raisi stressed “the need to preserve Syria’s territorial integrity and sovereignty,” and criticized US and European sanctions against the Syrian regime.

In this context, the Iranian president added that “the parties that failed to achieve their goals in the war in Syria want to achieve this goal through unilateral sanctions,” adding that “the only way to ensure security on Syria’s borders to establish is the strong presence of the Syrian army on these borders,” accuses America of “”the plundering of Syrian wealth and resources.

Raisi condemned the Israeli attacks on Syria and the continued occupation of the Golan, saying that “foreign solutions complicate the Syrian crisis”.

During his meeting with Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei, Putin emphasized that “the position of Iran and Russia is united in rejecting the attack on northern Syria,” adding that “the east of the Euphrates in Syria is in control of the Syria must be returned. military forces,” referring to the Syrian regime forces. .

The main content of the final declaration of the tripartite summit on Syria

In addition, the final statement confirmed that the presidents emphasized the importance of the Astana process in the “peaceful and sustainable solution of the Syrian crisis”, and reiterated their commitment to the independence and unity of the Syrian territories.

Despite the Russian and Iranian rejection of the expected Turkish operation in northern Syria, the presidents expressed their rejection of attempts to “create new facts on the ground under the pretext of fighting terrorism, including illegal self-government initiatives, and their expressed determination to stand. in the light of separatist plans aimed at undermining the sovereignty of the country.” Syria and its territorial integrity.

The presidents of Iran, Turkey and Russia also discussed the situation in northern Syria, stressing that “security and stability in this region will only be achieved on the basis of preserving Syria’s sovereignty and territorial integrity” and calling on coordinating their efforts in this regard, and with their refusal to seize the proceeds of the sale of Syrian oil.

In addition, the meeting reiterated their determination to “continue their cooperation to ultimately eliminate terrorists from individuals, groups, institutions and entities, while ensuring the protection of civilians and civilian infrastructure in accordance with international humanitarian law.”

In its seventh item, the statement emphasized that the presidents of Turkey, Iran and Russia reviewed in detail the situation in the de-escalation zone in Idlib, calling for “the need to maintain calm in it through the full implementation of all agreements related to Idlib, while expressing concern about the presence and activities of terrorist groups that pose a threat to the country.” civilians inside and outside this area.

The participants of the seventh Astana summit expressed their deep concern about the humanitarian situation in Syria, and their rejection of all unilateral sanctions against it and the granting of “discriminatory” exemptions to special areas, “which could lead to the dismantling of this country by supporting separatist agendas.”

In addition, they emphasized that “the conflict in Syria has no military solution except by launching the political process led by the Syrians in accordance with Security Council Resolution No. 2254,” referring in the context to the “important role” of the Constitutional Act. Committee resulting from the efforts of the Astana sponsors and the implementation of resolutions of the Syrian Dialogue Conference in Sochi.

The participants in the summit also declared their readiness to “support the continuous interaction with the members of the Committee and the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General of the United Nations Geir Pedersen, emphasizing the need for the Committee to maintain the basic respect instructions and rules of procedure to be able to carry out his task in the preparation and drafting of the constitutional reforms in order to submit them to the popular vote without interference.” foreign and through a spirit of conciliatory and constructive participation.

And the tenth item of the declaration mentions the gathering’s confirmation to “proceed with the operations related to the mutual release of detainees and abductees within the framework of the working group arising from the Astana process, while working on the handover of the bodies and the search for the missing.”

Then they emphasized the need to “facilitate the safe and voluntary return of refugees and internally displaced persons to their homes and areas of origin in Syria, while calling on the international community to participate and contribute to their resettlement and bear the greatest degree of responsibility in part of the burdens”, asking for their support in Syria by contributing to infrastructure, water and electricity projects. Sanitation, health, education, schools and hospitals.

Then the leaders of the guarantor states of the Astana track condemned the Israeli military operations in Syria, considering it “a violation of international law, international humanitarian law and Syria’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, stressing that their tensions in the destabilize and elevate the region.”

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