Independent islands without photographic memory

Photography triumphs for the visual moment, it includes a visual framework to eventually become a document or an argument, thereby reflecting the elements of the stage and highlighting the most important aspects of it, from the relationship of the ego to the other , or the relationship of the individual with the environment that surrounds him and weaves his architecture, and the space in which he lives in general, For this art to be the outstretched hand of civilization and his strong argument about the past, and the correct support that conveys the flow of the visual generations, being the most credible and certain documents than the rest of the other communicative instruments, and it can not be compared with the inherited oral text, not even the written descriptive text, because no matter how accurate the words and language are in Draw the visual meaning, it can not be compared with the photograph, with its certainty, aesthetic, civilizing and documentary dimensions e.

For the image, all recipients are equal, unlike the written text, which requires a reading culture, a reference for comprehension, and a certain intelligence to understand the dimensions of space or the incident described. From here, the image changes into the most expressive means of the past, conveying the content of bygone civilizations, of architecture, spaces, landmarks, way of life and dress, while conveying the manifestations of religious and societal dimensions, rituals of joys and sorrows. , disasters and achievements, and every story, event or face needs or possesses aesthetic elements, historical value and benefit. . .

Talking about the beginnings of technology-based photography, pioneering and prioritizing, we take to many endless possibilities, but it must be said that real photography, based on a strong scientific basis, is maturing in Algeria in a mature way 1839 began, knowing that there were many efforts by various people Before this date, many countries or organizations exploited the image for a variety of different purposes, whether those carrying artistic value and aesthetic and cognitive curiosity, or for the purpose of propaganda and a certain ideological direction. to communicate it to others.

On the latter principle was widely relied upon by the expansionist and colonial countries and kingdoms, especially by France, which had a wide expansion in most continents of the world, and widely in Africa, which served as the bait offered to it to to make his choices and eliminate his hesitation, and these are works called “the magic of the East”, based on the beauty of women, their seductive clothes and the lush gardens.

The French painter Ferdinand Delacroix painted many aspects in North Africa, especially Algeria, which he singled out for many paintings, such as the painting “The Women of Algeria in their Beds”, and this painting has the concept of “the magic of the East “embodied. “in all its details and manifestations.

This is what the French painter Ferdinand Delacroix (1798-1863) did, for example, who painted many aspects in North Africa, which was one of the French colonies, especially Algeria, which he singled out for many paintings, such as the painting ” The Women of Algeria in their Beds ”he painted in 1834, embodying This painting depicts the concept of“ the magic of the East ”in all its details and manifestations. This is why many Orientalists flocked to plastic arts, to rediscover this East, in addition to the rush of many centenarians, to live, settle and settle in “El Dorado” Algeria, to reconstruct and promote this colony, which has become equivalent to the concept of heaven in many literary, artistic and colonial premises in general. This is why the photographers sharpened their machines to document that life of which they read in the writings of travelers or saw it in the paintings of Orientalists or stood on it themselves, whether of those living in France, they are touched and came to Algeria, or even from those who came there during the first groups with the French occupation.

French photography began in the early years of the occupation of Algeria, as it brought many important names in sign and primitive photography to document these important historical moments, but the actual beginnings of professional photography began with the “Studio Gizar”, which was owned by a Swiss family in 1850, and they could document from During him, many important landmarks at that time, and John Gizar was one of the photographers closest to the people, who shouted at him as he was able to between 4000 and 6000 photos, most of which were placed on the back of postcards at the time, in addition to the fact that there are many photographers who are no less important than Gizar. love for the profession of photography, Algerians today would not have known many of the manifestations that were common at that time, from the second half of the nineteenth century to independence in 1962.

With the development of the field of photography and the invention of more practical machines, many French families had a camera at home as this activity was transformed, which was the retention of studios and professional photographers who treated it as a profession , as their photographic material has been published in newspapers, magazines, postcards, exhibitions and special events. And the general public, to an activity that stems from a hobby, and that is what photography has become more widespread and diversified, and all this photographic material shares the fact that they are captured in the two main colors, which are black and white.

But despite the limitations of the two colors, it conveyed all the colors of life, especially the French urbanization, reflected by different periods in the colonial cities, which documented, immortalized and preserved those moments, to with time one of the most important means that defines the current Algerian with his country’s past, Algeria, through which he sees the constructed buildings and streets Expansion, cities, society, the way of dress and appearance, which gives great importance to photography as an important art in the life of society.

One of the things that shows the extent of France’s interest in the arts and its history is the acquisition by the Ministry of Culture of Algeria of the first known photograph of Algeria from the British auction house “Sotheby’s” He protects it, which no longer does not exist today, by buying it at auction for 24 000 euros.

It has become difficult or even impossible to make a comparison between the photographic inventory in colonial Algeria and independent Algeria, because a large part of the first phase is currently distributed in most internet sites, search engines and sites devoted to the image .

Many interested people at the time wondered why Algeria, represented in its Ministry of Culture, did not pay attention to this image despite its historical importance and its major role in documenting an important urban structure for the city of Algiers before the French occupation. for the said amount is obtained. From here, consciousness moves to determine the value and importance of things.

After independence and the exodus of more than a million French in 1962, the new Algeria drained itself of powers in many areas, especially since French colonialism was not equal to education between the centenarians and the people, so many people after independence no reference in arts, education and quality professions, with Of course there are some exceptions in all sectors. It has a striking impact on especially photographic art, as this art was not a document or an argument over time, reflecting and conveying the dreams and nightmares of the new Algeria, only efforts here and there, and even after the development of color technology and with the invention of digital machines and mobile phones today which became in the hands of All, but it did not reflect the quality of the image and did not show its civilized and human role, even after the creation of new generations who have the basic principles of knowledge and arts, and are capable of technology.

These digital images are stored, and there is no tangible physical evidence to prove their truth and certainty. In a clearer sense, it has become difficult or even impossible to make a comparison between the photographic stock in colonial Algeria and independent Algeria, because a large part of the first phase is currently distributed in most internet sites, search engines and sites that dedicated to the image, and it is more pure, aesthetic and professional despite the technical capabilities that It was limited.

This is in contrast to the second stage, which was weak and arbitrary, and burned many important stages and did not reflect any power in terms of quantity or quality, and more than that, there is no longer any qualitative interest from official institutions or from the individual side to the importance of the image in terms of technical and life, with the increase His great role in twisting the facts, revealing them and presenting them to the whole world. Of course, there are experiences and clubs that specialize in photography, and interested individuals, but all of this can not reflect a trend or create a stream, and it hardly appears because of its small size and limited role.

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