The first workshop of the International Conference on “Promoting the Right to Privacy in the Context of Artificial Intelligence Challenges”, organized by the Arab Organization for Human Rights in partnership with the Permanent High Committee on Human Rights, was held over two days under the title “Challenges of implementing the right to privacy in the light of technological development”.
The session was led by Mohamed Faeq, the former minister of information and former head of the National Council for Human Rights, who emphasized in his speech that the industrial revolution affected the planet and the climate, and that its negative effects extended to human rights issues and the right to privacy, which have been confirmed by many international conventions.
Faeq warned of the danger of what he described as the ownership of social media applications by some people, and the tracking of private data through them, thereby violating the right to privacy.
The session was attended by dr. Mohamed Salem, former Minister of Communications and Information Technology,
And researcher Heidi Al-Tayeb from the Arab Organization for Human Rights, Al-Habib Balkoush, Center for Studies on Democracy and Human Rights in Morocco, and Issam Younes from the Al-Mizan Center for Human Rights – Palestine.
Dr. Mohamed Salem, former Minister of Communications and Information Technology, delivered a paper entitled
“The challenges of realizing the right to privacy in the light of technological development”, during which he emphasized that with the acceleration of development in information and communication technology and its direct and indirect impact on all walks of life, the United Nations not the change that is taking place in the whole world, and that there is a New reality created as a result of this technological development.
The United Nations calls for an end to the negative effects of electronic surveillance
He said that on December 8, 2013, the United Nations General Assembly unanimously adopted Resolution No. the necessary measures to put an end to the activities that It violates the “fundamental principle of a democratic society.”
Under the title “The right to privacy in the digital age”, the United Nations expressed its concern about the negative impact of electronic surveillance, the interception of digital communications and the collection of personal data, on human rights, stressing that the right to privacy is an inherent human right, the rights it enjoys.
Salem revealed that there are more than 150 constitutions around the world that refer to the right to privacy, so it is natural that the efforts of countries to translate this right into man-made laws will vary.
He added that with the tremendous development taking place in the tools, means and applications of information and communication technology, its complexity and its penetration into people’s lives, there are many positives and some negatives in that the basis of the work of these applications and their main rules depend on the data of which the data of the people who handle them make up the largest part of them. We must answer the most important question that arises: in this digital age, is the world still able to preserve its “right to privacy” or has technology established its rules and laws and the world must comply with this new reality?
Salem said we now live in a world whose heroes have become ICT manufacturers, starting with John McCarthy, who first coined and coined the term artificial intelligence in 1956, through the godfather of the Internet Vint Cerf and the late genius Steve Jobs, founder of Apple and Kevin Ashton, inventor of the Internet of Things, to Mark Zuckerberg, founder of Facebook and Elon Musk, owner of Tesla for electric cars, SpaceX for space research, and the most important and influential is Neuralink for medical research.
He added that these celebrities grabbed the world’s wealth, and among the ten richest people on earth, seven of them work in the field of information technology, and their wealth exceeds eight hundred billion dollars. The population of the earth, these companies have also become the largest repository of information.
Salem believed that the technological boom had replaced the term “enjoyment and permanent connection with the world” with the term “the right to privacy.” This privacy is no longer on the list of global priorities. On the contrary, no one cares about his right to privacy. New, and it’s okay to give our minds to tech companies to tamper with and turn us into machines without feelings, and the “right to privacy” will become nothing more than an expression with a smear of history that only those who read old newspapers will understand. This is our situation and here is our future, which we pray to God to make it as far as possible.”
Salem said we now live in a world whose heroes have become ICT manufacturers, starting with John McCarthy, who first coined and coined the term artificial intelligence in 1956, through the godfather of the Internet Vint Cerf and the late genius Steve Jobs, founder of Apple and Kevin Ashton, inventor of the Internet of Things, to Mark Zuckerberg, founder of Facebook and Elon Musk, owner of Tesla for electric cars, SpaceX for space research, and the most important and influential is Neuralink for medical research. These celebrities grabbed the world’s fortune, among the ten richest people on earth, seven of them work in the field of information technology, and their wealth exceeds eight hundred billion dollars. Earth, these companies have also become the largest repository of information.
Since most of this information and data is data and information of people dealing with ICT tools and resources, it is organically linked to the subject of this article, which is the human right to privacy and to protect the confidentiality of its to maintain data and to “leave the person alone” and we must add to this “if he wants.” in it.
We can divide the development of the technological boom seen by the world into three phases: the stage of connecting the world, then the stage of digital cloning, and finally the final leap by targeting the human mind.
Heidi El-Tayeb, for her part, attributed the causes of the digital divide to many inequalities such as technological, scientific, regulatory and legislative gaps.
The causes of the digital divide can be divided into political, cultural, social and economic reasons.
At the political level we find that global policies play an essential role in the transfer of knowledge and the acquisition of technology, and at the economic level we note the high costs of the localization of information technology despite the low prices of information technology for the end user .
There is also a large digital divide between richer and poorer countries in the use of information technology. The problem of the digital divide has geographical, demographic, social and economic dimensions, on the other hand giant information technology companies play a major role in violating the privacy of individuals, especially in the context of social networks.
During his speech, Habib Balkoush referred to some of the issues that cause concern and call for collective thinking, the state, the private sector and civil society, from the point of view of democratic construction.
The revolution has made achievements and technological facilitation of knowledge, but it poses challenges at the knowledge level
Information overload excites the researcher, and it overwhelms the mind.
At the political level, he said, various studies have made it clear that this international institutional formation, which was formed in the nineties of the last century, is a great opportunity for communication media that challenge the dominance of large international institutions or those who states in the field The necessity to monitor these spaces, which have been used by international networks to serve their despicable purposes.
Balkush explained that the US elections resulted from the election of President Trump, which revealed that British companies used databases for electoral mobilization in the United States of America, and that this use of social and digital networks also emerged in the countries of the South, where it was mentioned in a number dedicated to the digital revolution under the title “Welcome to the digital paradise.” “.
He explained that some 22 African countries cut off or reduced the internet during the elections in most cases, and the case is that these interruptions are financially damaging, which also has an impact on the economic situation. The rate in 2019 was more than two billion and one hundred million dollars, which indicates that at the level of people, I have the right to protect the private life of man, and this is guaranteed by the International Bill.
Balkoush revealed, the data arranged about people has become accessible to states and private companies in all aspects of information and data towards the nervous, financial, biological, political, food and technical choices, etc., so this period requires vigilance and monitoring and here comes the importance of legislation and institutional building, protection of rights and data Personal.
Issam Younes said
that privacy is an assumption and it is linked to the humanity of man
The “three-stage” electronic boom has replaced the right to privacy and turned us into machines without feelings, indicating that laws are getting old and outdated, and the problem is in the standard when it comes to the United Nations and related to the right to privacy and artificial intelligence.
In his speech, Yunus focused on the close surveillance and control of people, reviewed the Palestinian situation and said that the Palestinians are besieged and prevented from social contact.
Khorezmiyat was developed by platforms to communicate and follow up on Palestinian content. As for monitoring, the occupation controls the smallest details, adding that the production of artificial intelligence-supported monitoring techniques has been tested and refined in the Palestinian territories.
More than 1,200 violations of this Palestinian oppressive content were monitored, an increase of 20% from 2019, and more than 800 violations were monitored via Facebook.