In education, research and development, health, well-being and demography indicators, Egypt outperformed the average performance of countries in the Middle East and North Africa region and lower middle-income countries.
The Ministry of Planning and Economic Development reviewed; Place Egypt in the Sustainable Development Report 2022, which is published annually by the University of Cambridge in collaboration with the German (Bertelsmann Stiftung) Foundation, and the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN), which is under the auspices of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, and under the supervision of Professor Jeffrey Sachs, an expert on sustainable development.
The 2022 Sustainable Development Report (2022 SDR) presents data on countries’ performance in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and points to areas that require faster progress.
On the evolution of Egypt’s performance in the Sustainable Development Goals Index; Dr. Hala Al-Saeed, Minister of Planning and Economic Development, indicated that Egypt achieved a score of 68.7 in 2022, thereby maintaining its performance in the index; Although the regional average decreased from 67.1 in 2021 to 66.7 in 2022, it ranks 87th out of 163 countries covered by the report.
Al-Saeed also reviewed the performance of Egypt at the level of the Arab region during 2022 and noted that Egypt ranked 7 out of the 20 Arab countries monitored by the report, and at the level of Africa; It was 4th out of 47 African countries, and 7th in the Middle East and North Africa region; Within 16 in the same region. She explained that in 2022, Egypt was ranked 15th out of 20 countries at the level of emerging markets.
The Minister of Planning said that the data was available for a sufficient number of indicators, which led to the possibility of measuring Egypt’s performance in all the UN goals in the 2022 report, in addition to the possibility of showing the trends in the evaluate achievement of the objectives. , including the trends of goals 10 “reducing inequalities” and 12 “consumption The two responsible production” which were not available in the 2021 report, and notes that a group of UN goals saw an improvement in the direction of their achievement in 2022 compared to 2021, namely objectives 1, 5, 9, 10, 12, 13 and 15.
Regarding Egypt’s performance in the Global Outreach Impact Index, the report indicated that this indicator measures the positive and negative cross-border effects from one country to another, affecting the ability of countries to achieve sustainable development goals at the level of three dimensions: the environmental and social repercussions embodied in trade, the economic and financial consequences In addition to the security implications. The report indicated that Egypt was 30th out of 163 countries, compared to 36 out of 165 countries in 2021; This reflects the improvement in its score in the index, which reached 98.82 out of 100, and thus the positive repercussions for Egypt outweigh the negative ones.
The report also referred to Egypt’s performance in three of the six transformation maps for the sustainable development goals: education, gender and equality, health and well-being, energy decarbonisation and sustainable industry, sustainability of food, land, water and oceans, sustainable cities and societies, and the digital revolution for sustainable development. The report noted Egypt’s superiority in education, research and development indicators, as well as in health, well-being and demographic indicators, above the average performance of countries in the Middle East and North Africa, and lower middle-income countries.
The report stated that multiple and simultaneous global crises such as COVID-19, the Ukraine-Russia war and other military conflicts have diverted policy attention and priorities away from medium and long-term goals such as the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Climate Agreement, and countries are not making progress on the SDGs, and that performance is not Regarding the first goal (eradication of poverty) and the eighth goal (decent work and economic growth) is still below pre-pandemic levels in many low-income and low -middle-income countries, and for Egypt there was a positive trend indicating that it is on the right track to achieve the first two goals And eighth in the report’s data for the years 2019 and 2020, but due to the Corona crisis, Egypt’s performance dropped in these two goals.
The Sustainable Development Report 2022 presented a proposal for a global plan to finance the Sustainable Development Goals, particularly in light of the severe funding constraints exacerbated by the Covid-19 pandemic and the war in Ukraine, where there is agreement between the six proposed tracks of the Sustainable Development Solutions Network to increase funding for the Sustainable Development Goals worldwide, namely increasing domestic tax revenues, increasing loans from multilateral development banks, sovereign loans in international capital markets, increasing official development assistance, increasing of charity, and debt restructuring for heavily indebted countries with peer recommendations from the report “Financing for Sustainable Development in Egypt” “Which is the first report of its kind at the global level, which includes investment in the tax administration system and a downward path for on and secured debt, both domestic and foreign, with preference given to investment rather than borrowing, as a general rule for financing development.
In addition to establishing prudential measures and strengthening the institutional framework for the control of new types of innovative financing instruments; Such as sovereign green bonds, Islamic sukuk, and climate debt swaps/SDGs.