Egypt news | Latest news / Will oil fix what has spoiled politics in Libya?

Before the discovery of oil and the beginning of its export, Libya was one of the poor countries whose economy depended on agricultural and pastoral activities. In 1958, the good news of the discovery of oil was announced, which happened by chance, while wells were being drilled to supply water to some Libyan cities and towns. At the time, King Idris famously said, “I wish you had found water,” perhaps aware of the problems this discovery might bring, but at the same time he was confident of the recovery it would bring, which would be positive for a poor country that lives on the aid and alms of others. And a nation was at the top of the international list of the poorest nations, forcing the government at the time to lease military bases within Libyan territory to both America and Britain to meet some of its financial obligations.
This discovery brought about an economic revolution, so development plans were drawn up, and many economic projects were implemented that depended on the financial returns that this sector became. These projects initially contributed to the achievement of a better life and the gradual transition from poverty to a life that meets all the basic requirements, and this has contributed to significantly and rapidly improving the livelihood of the Libyans.
Muammar Gaddafi took power and continued to implement development projects. At the beginning of his reign, he was able to complete the plans drawn up, and begin to implement many of them. The tin huts that lay scattered at the entrances to the capital. and its suburbs were disposed of. Despite the security objective of establishing a significant road network, it has led to the linking of a vast country that is the fourth largest in Africa, seven times the size of the United Kingdom.

The winds of change in Libya did not bring what the ships wanted, who yearned for a happy and prosperous society, in which the official is committed to transparency and hand hygiene.

This interest did not last long, as Gaddafi adopted policies and practices whose common denominator is the waste of Libyan resources, tampering with the national wealth of which oil makes up more than 95% of its resources. Military interventions in various countries, which through the support of liberation movements and national organizations loyal to his ideas and theory which at the beginning led to the loss of billions, then billions of other compensation for it, when he saw that it was inevitable to return to the “House of Obedience”, so that he does not meet the fate of others. Who broke her stick.
The February uprising (February 2011) succeeded in overthrowing Gaddafi and his regime with the participation of the masses, hoping to benefit from their wealth, ending a description that applied to years of “a rich country and poor people”, but the winds of change did not bring what the ships wanted, who longed for a happy and prosperous society in which the official was committed to transparency and hand hygiene, with conviction or fear of accountability, without this wealth being wasted according to his mood and desires. Since 2011, oil production has gone through several fluctuations, stopped and reached zero, and then returned to reach one million barrels per day in 2013, and production almost exceeded it, if not for the official of the Petroleum Facility Watch during that period was not, Ibrahim Al-Jathran, whose mood was not what he wanted. Okay, so he decided to shut down oil exports, claiming that Ali Zaidan’s government was selling oil without counters, according to his laughable and crying discovery.
In the year 2014, Mustafa Sanalla assumed the duties of the head of the National Oil Corporation in 2014, in view of the political division that was dominant at that time, by a decision of the Undersecretary of the Ministry of Oil and Gas, which was denounced by the Libyan street for breaking the law, as the tasks of the designated agent do not give him the right to be assigned to leadership positions, but Sanalla remained in his position, steadfast in the face of all attempts by successive governments to change him, as he was able to deceive everyone with his support of the international community, especially the American and British governments.

It is not difficult for a follower of the Libyan political situation to realize the unprecedented shift in alliances and loyalties, and at a speed that exceeds expectations.

Sanalla and the governor of the Central Bank of Libya, Al-Siddiq Al-Kabeer, formed a duo that was difficult to resolve. And the photos each of them take with officials and ambassadors of major countries, which they in the media, with or without the occasion, the effect they want, not only to keep their positions, but also in the governments’ attempt to win their affection, hoping to improve the image of “these governments”. The American and British administrations have, and may be getting their consent.
In any case, it is not difficult for a follower of the Libyan political situation to realize the unprecedented shift in alliances and loyalties, and at a speed that exceeds expectations, either to settle scores, score points, or bid to make known. One of the active countries. Although the change of positions and alignments of the leaders of the scene do not require evidence, the dismissal of Sanalla will continue to testify to the absence of any constants, and that no one will be safe from being a victim of these alignments no, no matter how much loyalty and obedience he offers.
Sanalla traveled to perform the Hajj, and he was confident that the position that had kept him at the head of the institution for more than eight years was still the same, especially since the difference between the executive and legislative authorities, which an important factor in his survival, is still at its strongest, he traveled without knowing that an Arab capital would sponsor the meeting of two power-sharing “families” in Libya in an attempt to come to an agreement between them , who have been reaping the rewards of their differences for years. The son of Khalifa Haftar, a meeting and an agreement demanded by the victim of Sanalla, whose speedy return from Hajj did not help him to do anything. It seems that “the sword preceded the accident” in a meeting that required the interest of several Haftar needs money, he owes the state that sponsored the meeting, and he realizes his inability to pay Without this agreement, as for Dabaiba, his survival in power will only take place by eliminating his rival, Fathi Pasha Agha, and trying to dissolve his alliance with Khalifa Haftar, who is still a power factor, especially in the eastern region. Everyone will benefit, the UAE will get its debt and with it “sweetness” and Haftar will be able to solve all his outstanding financial problems, and he will get enough funds to satisfy the export of scrap and copper from the eastern ports, and Dabaiba. will continue in his position, undisturbed by Parliament or the alliance between Bashagha and the eastern region. . The only loser is San’a Allah, who was overthrown by the alliance of money and power.

Understandings, alignments and changes will cast a shadow on all the leaders of the scene, and perhaps the latest thing is the recent visit of the army chief of staff to the east of the country

Like most of the officials in Libya, Sanalla refused to hand over the institution, considering the decision to dismiss him as null and void and contrary to Libyan law, which was recently formed by the parliament led by Bashagha . As for accusing others of corruption, this was not a precedent, and it will not be an exception, since he is like other officials, once he is dismissed from his post until his conscience awakens, and he speaks of corruption in the millions This raised Libyan questions: Why now? Why didn’t he speak about this corruption before?
In conclusion, it seems that understanding, alignments and changes will cast a shadow on all the leaders of the scene, and perhaps the latest thing is the recent visit of the Chief of Staff of the army in the east of the country, Abdel Razzaq Al-Nadori , to Maitika Airport in Tripoli. He was officially received on the red carpet by the Chief of General Staff in the west of the country, Muhammad al-Haddad, since the first is no longer a representative of the “war criminal.” Haftar,” the Russian agent, who destroyed Tripoli, and the second is no longer a “Turkish agent driven by the Muslim Brotherhood’s agenda and supported by Qatar.”
Relationships change according to circumstances and according to interests, and nothing is fixed except the situation of the Libyan citizen who pays the price in both cases. Neither their agreement will solve his problems, nor will their differences improve his situation as he fights a daily battle of survival in the face of endless crises. Despair became the most prominent feature in his life, as neither the former official cared about his condition nor the current one will be better than the previous one, nor will the future be different from them. Despite this, he continues to follow the situation, without interest, and wonders: Will oil be able to fix what has been ruined by politics and what has been ruined by stubbornness?

Date: 25-07-2022

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