These words are somehow indicative of what happened on the morning of July 23, 1952 AD, and then expanded into a continuous line that did not break and did not separate through all the major and minor historical stations that followed and did not roll. the country and the people of this country..
They say that the event is not what we see or what we know.. It is rather what “becomes to” and what “comes from” events.. This is a logical statement and from the realization of simple philosophy, too fair and neutral, so what is the way I judge your actions if not Was the result of these actions and what they became in this world and among people? .. Speak what you want, how you want.. And every word has a word about the opinion of our uncle in the desert of Kalilah and Dimna.. But there is a reality that speaks that carries it on its back of facts .
These words are somehow indicative of what happened on the morning of July 23, 1952 AD, and then expanded into a continuous line that did not break and did not separate through all the major and minor historical stations that followed and did not roll. the country and the people of this country
If we talk about the goals of the officers’ movement that they presented to the masses of Egyptians this morning: the abolition of feudalism, the abolition of colonialism, the abolition of capital’s control over the government, the establishment of a strong national army, the establishment of social justice, and the establishment of a healthy democratic life. All these are sad, unfortunate events. Words that speak of sadness and disappointments..
And if we talk about the “pride and dignity” that the immortal leader sang in the face of the Egyptians and made a great writer as great as Professor Abbas Al-Akkad (d. 1964 AD) in a state of amazement and wonder at the man’s boldness in what he said and from the silence of the Egyptians who heard them.. As Professor Anis Mansour told us (d. 2011 AD) in his famous book “Abd al-Nasir who slanders him did.. and slandered us.”
And if we talk about the strength of the fatherland and the pillar of the people: “The man, we will find that the matter is very bad.. but very much! Health, education, happiness and a future.. we will remember the awareness of the great writer Tawfiq al-Hakim (d. 1987 AD), who returned and said in his book the earthquake, which bore the same title (Return). Awareness) describes what went through the homeland, its institutions , and even its limits, of waste and waste from the decline and collapse of man during that period.
So..everything your hands will touch and your eyes will tremble in what “happened” and what “results” you will find only a “happy illusion” .. and you will only find “happy ignorance” .. like that is hard for people to believe what happened in their country.. and even with them, between them and against them And of them and for them.. after those glorious thirties (1919-1950) that some of them lived through and from they talked.. and some of them read about them..
In fact, it was not only pride for the Egyptians, but also pride and support for all Arabs, since it was all the “great locomotive” for everything on which the modern Arab state was based in these specific areas: education, thought and art. Politics and power corrupt what they corrupt or fix what they fix But the reality of the situation in modern history will remember the Egyptian teacher, the Egyptian doctor and the Egyptian thinker who were the seed and fruit of that fertile time.
This “blissful ignorance” President Anwar Sadat (d. 1981 AD) tried to remove it with a historical documentary committee. It searches, reads, listens, asks and writes “The History of Egypt” .. It happened in January 1976 AD, and the Vice President of the Republic, who at that time instructed Hosni Mubarak (d. 2020 AD), was chairman of it, who soon quietly withdrew from it and dr. Sobhi Abdel Hakim, professor of geography at the University of Cairo (chairman of the Shura Council) asked. between 1980 and 1986 – d. 2009 AD) to preside over it instead of him.. Then the matter ended as if it had not been.. in a precedent that you have not known a nation before or after.
Politics and power corrupt what they corrupt or fix what they fix, but the reality of the situation in modern history will remember the Egyptian teacher, the Egyptian doctor and the Egyptian thinker who were the seed and fruit of that fertile time.
One of the members of the committee (Pilot Major General Fikri al-Jundi, group of 1960 aviation) said that all the documents obtained by the committee were completely hidden … especially those dealing with “the facts from the era before the Free Officers Movement 1952”, up to and including the 1973 war… not to mention, of course, The Mother of Disasters (June 1967 AD), which the great historian Dr. Khaled Fahmy (age 58) “The Continuous Defeat.” He is an academic historian whose voice was hoarse everywhere and through all media, to allow him and other historians to see all documents and reports dealing with that period from after the end. from the monarchy to the end of President Sadat’s rule.
But the conversation here is not really complete unless we take one end of its many threads and push it to its extreme… I mean the famous “Cairo Fire” thread that took place only six months before the officers’ movement (January 26) , 1952 AD), an event closely related, prevailing and very significant to what preceded it and what came after it .. What was before it was January 25, and what was after it was 23 July of the same year 1952 AD!
On the morning of 25 January 1952, the British commander in the Canal Zone summoned the Egyptian liaison officer and gave him a warning that the Egyptian police forces in Ismailia would hand over their weapons to the British forces, vacate the governor’s house and barracks. , and leave the entire Channel area. The governor rejected the warning – and I hope to concentrate a little here – and reported it to the Minister of Interior Siraj Al-Din Pasha (d. 2000 AD), who approved his position and asked him to persevere and resist and not surrender. ..
One of the most honorable engagements in modern history took place between 500 Egyptian soldiers and officers and seven thousand English with their armor and tank! Fifty Egyptians, between an officer and a soldier, died.. The news spread to all parts of the country and the people of the country.. At six o’clock in the morning of January 26, the soldiers in their barracks in the Abbasiya -environment rebelled in Cairo and refrained from carrying out their tasks to maintain order. By noon, student protests gathered to go to the Opera Square in the heart of Cairo and to Cairo University to protest against what is happening in Ismailia happened.
And since it appears that a “great revolution” was about to break out, and it contains all the reasons, premises and results of its success and its transformation into a real popular revolution – a thousand lines are placed under this sentence – which was hidden from history, but to tell us that the fires burned at twelve o’clock on the same day. It captured about 300 of the largest commercial shops, 30 offices of large companies, 117 business offices and residential apartments, 13 large hotels, 40 cinemas. and 73 cafes and restaurants.
All the sources and eyewitnesses at the time confirmed that the incident could not have been “premeditated”, and that the groups that carried it out were of a high level of training and skill that can only be available to men “intelligence services equipped for special operations.” They were well versed in the quickest means of starting fires, and were highly accurate, fast and skilled in the execution of their mission.
The protests on the morning of January 26 were one of the rarest and largest scenes in the history of Egyptians since the 1919 revolution, so the Cairo fire put an end to it all. Immediately martial law was declared and the government was dismissed .. Six months later the “officers” overthrew the regime and immediately drove the king out of the country, and all this was done quickly and swiftly … and under the auspices of the United States represented by his ambassador in Cairo, “Jefferson Caffrey” (d. 1974 AD), who personally took leave of the King.
No one can blame the officers of the Cairo fire. The issue was much wider and bigger than them.. Cairo was at that time the nerve center of all the international intelligence services in the east.. But what we know is that no investigation was involved in this huge and unusual event.
The officers will tell a model in their memoirs (Abdul Latif Baghdadi / The Modern Egyptian Office).. They will tell in what they say that in 1955 they decided to carry out their blessed movement, but “after the fire” they didn’t make it until six months later.
No one can accuse the officers of the Cairo fire. The subject was much wider and bigger than them.. Cairo was at that time the “nerve center” of all the international intelligence services in the east.. But what we know is that no investigation was done into this great and unusual event, which to him attributed to Professor Haykal to “unknowns”; As if, for example, it was a fire in the joy of the mayor’s daughter!
I close here with a warning, warning and clear explanation by the scholar Jamal Hamdan (d. 1993 AD) in his great work “The Character of Egypt: A Study of the Genius of the Place”: What Egypt basically needs, is a psychological revolution..first means a revolution against himself and his psyche second..any change Radical in the mentality, ideals and ideology of life before any real change in her life, entity and destiny.. A revolution in the Egyptian personality and on the Egyptian personality.. This is the prerequisite for changing the character of Egypt, the entity of Egypt, and the future of Egypt.. Let us focus on our mistakes from now on.. Let’s look at our faults in his eyes. In the face of courage, not to crush it, but to crush it! Not to offend ourselves, but to cleanse our souls.
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