Rabat – The Moroccan government has sounded the alarm in light of the drought in the country, which is the worst in three decades. Where the Ministry of Interior entered the line of reducing water resources and increasing consumption, emphasizing the need to take immediate measures by its local officials, as it obliged them to apply the law in order to strictly enforce the measures he has taken to ensure, to implement restrictions on the flow of water distributed to consumers, and to prohibit the irrigation of spaces Green and golf courses with drinking water, surface and ground water.
To address the problem of groundwater depletion, the government is taking a strict approach in dealing with the chaos that has affected this field, while the issue of speeding up faltering projects is being researched. It is prohibited by the decision of the Ministry of the Interior to wash streets and public places with drinking water, and to prevent illegal extraction of water from wells, springs, waterways and water transport channels, as well as to clean public and private swimming pools once a year with a recycling system, and preventing the use of potable water in the washing of cars and machines. .
In the same context, the Ministry of Equipment and Water has launched an awareness campaign that will span two months. It started last Thursday, and aims to educate citizens about the sensitivity of the situation, emphasizing in a statement that “the Arabs” a copy that “Morocco is in a state of water emergency, as it is known that the water consumption curve is higher among users at a time when it reduces water resources.” She emphasized the need to “stop the practice of any form of water wastage to preserve current resources, and to ensure the fair distribution of water for the benefit of all.”
Hamid Rachel, an environmental expert, in a statement to “Al-Arab” emphasized the need to manage demand and value water, especially in the agricultural sector, with the reuse of treated wastewater for watering green spaces, and communication and awareness raising in order to establish awareness of the importance of conserving water resources and their rationalization.
Rachel was of the opinion that the national program for the provision of drinking water and irrigation faced several obstacles, especially in large cities, in addition to the prevalence of irresponsible consumer behavior that does not conserve water, with the increasing demand for water after the expansion of urban centers. and the development of industrial activities.
Politicians unanimously agreed that these measures are good, but not sufficient, because the water situation needs a radical overhaul due to climate change. During his discussion of the government’s plan, Mohamed Malall, chairman of the Infrastructure, Energy, Minerals and Environment Committee, highlighted that the water strategy has no auctions, noting that “there have been imbalances and faltering programs in recent years, whether dams or water facilities and joint programs between the authorities, and the duty It is to intervene to treat what can be treated, especially to speed it up.”
The government is betting on the education of citizens about the sensitivity of the situation, although parliamentarians emphasize that the situation requires that the mistakes of the Green Morocco plans accumulated for 15 years, which had a large water cost, as expressed by Mbarek Sibai, head of the parliamentary group of the Popular Movement Party, who confirmed that the scheme has doubled. Its water costs, which are allocated to crops that are entirely export-oriented, without compromising the minimum level of self-sufficiency and food security for especially to provide Moroccans. in light of the wave of high prices and water scarcity that has burdened Moroccan families and factories in large cities.
The Green Morocco Plan was announced in April 2008, after the then Minister of Agriculture, current Prime Minister Aziz Akhannouch, prepared an agricultural development strategy, in collaboration with the American Study Office “McKinsey”, based on the pillars of economic efficiency, social justice and the conservation of natural resources. The plan aims to fully exploit Morocco’s agricultural potential and improve farmers’ income by two to three times, while creating 1.5 million jobs, and the value of exports to the most important production chains, in which Morocco enjoys competitive advantages, be increased.
Observers believe that the criticism leveled at the government has focused on the fact that this strategy did not take into account the water reserves that have been depleted. Large and medium, the expansion of the base of the hill dams, and the formulation of a policy to the soil and surface water resources from depletion, by directing the operations according to the regional and local natural and water characteristics.
Experts in agriculture and water wealth believe that the expansion of avocado cultivation areas in northern Morocco could drain the water table in areas that know a need for water, calling for a focus on the cultivation of basic materials for self-sufficiency in the Moroccan reach market, and to give priority to giving water before any financial return is thought of, given the wealth Water is the basis for social stability.
In this context, the latest report drawn up by the Economic, Social and Environmental Council indicated that the overuse of water resources, especially groundwater, is increasing without regard to the licenses imposed by law. The Council also appealed to the public authorities have done to put effective control measures in place.
The head of the Eco-Manarat Association for Development and Climate, Mustafa Benrami, warned in a scientific symposium on Friday that the situation is worrying due to the impact of climate changes on water, and expressed his regret that Morocco, despite its availability of important water resources, suffer from overexploitation by digging random wells and unreasonable consumption of water in the agricultural field.
Last February, the Royal Court announced the launch of a program to help actors in the agricultural sector, worth about one billion dollars, to face the unprecedented drought in almost 30 years.
The Moroccan authorities have allocated 10 billion dirhams ($1.07 billion) to finance this program, which aims to protect animal and plant capital and manage water shortages, as well as finance market supply operations with wheat and fodder and financial burdens on farmers reduce.