Where to Lebanon in the face of the state of political deadlock, economic collapse and renewed sectarian conflict? | Lebanese security

Issue 1521 / 27-7-2022

Deadlock and division loom in the Lebanese arena at a time when it urgently needs moves and activities at all levels to save Lebanon from the state of collapse it is experiencing at the economic level in particular and the political level in general. , with attention shifting from the process of forming the new government that Lebanon desperately needs these days to a file The presidential election, which, in addition to internal consensus, requires a regional and international agreement, as has always been the case in every presidential election throughout Lebanon’s modern history.

Meanwhile, Lebanese public opinion was preoccupied with the case of Archbishop Musa al-Hajj, who was arrested for some time by the Lebanese General Security at Naqoura Point upon his return from occupied Palestine. His Lebanese passport was revoked and his money and medical supplies were confiscated.Beirut, which angered the Maronite patriarch, Bechara Al-Rahi, who established the world and did not make it difficult for what happened to Archbishop Al-Hajj. In vain the authorities try to turn it into a mere legal matter, and it is not acceptable to attack a bishop without returning to his reference, which is the patriarchy. We reject this police behavior with political dimensions, and we demand that everything confiscated from him be returned to Archbishop Al-Hajj.” If matters concerning the right to elect a new president of the Republic reach the stage of stagnation, such as the matter with the government issue.

Here the following question arises: Where is Lebanon headed in the face of the state of political deadlock, economic collapse and renewed sectarian conflict?

A state of obstruction and stagnation prevails in the government file, as Prime Minister-designate Najib Mikati stands by the government formation he presented to President Michel Aoun, and does not want to deviate from it because he considers it the best in the light of the current circumstances, especially with Lebanon practically entering the transition period that precedes the presidential elections, and therefore sees It is politically unjustified to engage in the game of government formation, as was the case during the reign of President Aoun, who still insists on ‘ to form a government as he wants and as representative Gibran Bassil desires to achieve political and administrative gains three months before the end of the reign.

This reality is accompanied by a state of denial by the political class of the economic and social realities of the majority of Lebanese, who live in the absence of the services that the state should provide to the Lebanese, as the electricity crisis intensified , which drains the Lebanese’s money, and which is accompanied by water and medicine cuts and the inability of the sponsoring institutions – social security, The State Employees Cooperative – to cover the emergency medical needs of the insured, and the situation has worsened, as there be said , the general strike that has been going on for more than a month for employees in government departments demanding increases in salaries and wages, while the state is not even able to ensure wheat for mills and flour for bakeries in light of of a state of chaos not seen in Markets before, and perhaps the most telling example of what the situation is reaching in Lebanon these days is what President Najib Mikati said during a ceremony for the Ministry of Tourism, where he addressed the Minister of Tourism and said: “You chose slogans from Lebanese songs for the tourism campaign, the first campaign was its title ( I love you, Lebanon, how did I not love you) by Fayrouz, and today (Welcome to this look, welcome) for the late Sabah.

He added: “We wish you all to pray with me, if we continue to choose songs as slogans, that we do not reach the song (On the bird, take me, my baby, on the bird).”

It seems that the situation of Asfuriya, which President Mikati talked about, and in which we live at the political and economic levels, has become close to the sectarian reality. Before the incident of Archbishop Moussa Al-Hajj and what it provoked and what it provoked at all levels, especially at the sectarian level, there are calls to divide the municipality of Beirut into two parts, one for Christians and the other for Muslims Under the pretext that the current municipality has failed in its services, as if the problem is sectarian and not administrative. What is remarkable about the issue is the consensus between representatives of the Christian parties in Beirut on this controversial claim, which brings Beirut back to the period of the civil war, when there was East Beirut and West Beirut.

In short, Lebanon is moving at an accelerating pace towards a major collapse, and everyone is absent from the reality of the great suffering that the Lebanese are experiencing these days. Will Lebanon fall to the bottom of the abyss, or will it be saved before it is too late?

Bassam Ghannoum

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