The covering of the Kaaba… a long history of pride, display, and the skill of craftsmen’s hands

Changing the covering of the Kaaba is not a routine procedure, but a religious duty practiced by its makers and those in charge of it with love and devotion, pleasing God and honoring its rituals. This process is done once a year.

For the first time this year, the General Presidency for the Affairs of the Great Mosque and the Prophet’s Mosque will on Saturday replace the covering of the Kaaba by 166 technicians and craftsmen, in accordance with the annual custom, instead of the Day of Arafa, which the fixed date for it was..

The era of the Prophet and the righteous caliphate

The covering of the Kaaba has a long history with details filled with faith, love and pride, as it is one of the most important manifestations of reverence and honor for the Holy House of God..

The kiswa is a black silk covering on which verses from the Koran are engraved from golden water. The Kaaba is covered with it and is changed once a year..

The wisdom comes from the covering of the Kaaba that it is an Islamic ritual, and it is a continuation of what the Messenger of God – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – and the honorable companions did after him. Al-Yamaniyyah , and its expenses were from the Muslim treasury .

The Rightly Guided Caliph came behind the Messenger – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – where Abu Bakr and Umar – may God be pleased with them both – covered it with Al-Qabati and Yemenite wool, and then Othman bin Affan – may God be pleased with him – covered it with two garments, one on top of the other, and this was the first work of its kind in Islam. .

in ignorance

The history of the covering of the Kaaba goes back to what was mentioned on the authority of (Adnan bin Ed) the great grandfather of the Prophet, and he was one of those who covered it..

And after (Taba’ al-Hamiri), many people wore it in the pre-Islamic era, until matters came to (Qusay bin Kilab), the fourth grandfather of the Prophet, who organized it after he gathered the tribes of his people gathered under one banner and offered the tribes to cooperate among themselves, each according to the other, until Abu Rabia Abdullah appeared. Ibn Amr al-Makhzumi, and he was a merchant with much money and great wealth, therefore he advised the Quraysh to dress the Kaaba for a year, and I wear it for a year, and the Quraysh agreed to it..

Sami’s order to hand over the covering of the Kaaba on the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah and replace it with surprise #Muharram #Al-Youm newspaper

Umayyads and Abbasids

And the matter remained like this until he died, and the Quraysh inherited this work until the conquest of Mecca, then came the era of the Islamic countries and the emergence of writing on the clothes. The Abbasids paid great attention to the covering of the Kaaba, due to the development of weaving, knitting, dyeing, dyeing and embroidery, and the people of (Tennis, Tuna and Shata) from the Egyptian cities specialized in this..

Caliph al-Ma’mun

In the era of the Caliph al-Ma’mun, the venerable Kaaba was covered three times a year, and the writing appeared on the kiswa since the beginning of the Abbasid era..

The Holy Kaaba is covered in its new look on the Day of Arafat Today, the process of replacing the current covering of the Kaaba with a new one has taken place… Posted by today on Wednesday, September 23, 2015

Saudi state

Since the era of the founder, King Abdulaziz Al Saud, may God rest his soul, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has opened the doors of the industry to the Kaaba through a special house in the Ajyad area in front of the House of the Ministry to cover of Public Finance in Makkah in the year 1346 AH This is the first Saudi suit produced in Makkah Al-Mukarramah .

The covering of the Holy Kaaba was replaced every year on the ninth day of Dhu al-Hijjah, and the interests of the sons of the founder King Abdulaziz Al Saud – may God have mercy on him – continued to take care of the kiswa industry and The latest advanced machines in the industry and until now it has been produced in its best form and replaces the covering of the Kaaba every year on the ninth day of Dhu al-Hijjah.

Sami’s order to hand over the covering of the Kaaba on the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah and replace it with surprise #Muharram #Al-Youm newspaper

replacement process

The under-secretary general for the affairs of the great mosque, dr. Saad Al-Muhaimid, that the process of lowering the old cover of the Kaaba, and dressing it with the new cover, which consists of four separate sides and the door curtain, is done through each of the four sides of the Kaaba to be raised separately, at the top of the Kaaba in preparation for its unfolding on the old side, and the side is secured from above by tying it. After untying the ropes from the old side, let the other side fall off the side by moving the new side up and down in a permanent motion..

He continued: “Then the old side falls from the bottom and the new side remains, and the process is repeated four times for each side until the dress is complete, and then the belt is drawn on a straight line for the four sides weighted by stitching it. , and this process starts first from the side of the debris, because there is a gutter that has its own opening. At the top of the dress, and after all sides are installed, the corners are fastened by to fasten them from the top of the sewing. pull to the bottom, and after this is done, the curtain that requires time and mastery is placed in the work, by making a hole estimated at the area of ​​​​the curtain in the black cloth, which is estimated to be about 3.30 meters wide, to The end of the dress, and then three holes are made in the black cloth.

upholstery industry

In the footsteps of the founder King Abdul Aziz – may God have mercy on him – his righteous sons continued after him to care for the Kaaba and cover it with the best care and reverence The approval of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud – may God have mercy on him – was issued to update and modify the electronic systems, electrical devices and mechanical equipment at the Kaaba Kiswa factory. This step is considered an advanced development leap in the field of the production of the venerable Kaaba cloth.

And the approval of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud – may God protect him – was issued on Tuesday 13/8/1439 AH to change the name of the Kaaba Cloth Factory to the King Abdulaziz Complex for the Cloth of the Kaaba.

“Weaving the Kaaba Cloth” .. a story told by his fingers during 35 years

The covering stages of the Kaaba go through a number of technical and operational sections, starting with the dyeing phase, which is the first stage of production of the covering in the factory, where the dyeing department is supplied with the best types of pure natural silk. in the world, then the automatic weaving that contains the copied Quranic phrases and verses, and then the laboratory department that carries out the procedure Various tests of silk and cotton threads to ensure that they meet the standard specifications required in terms of the silk. yarn’s tensile strength and resistance to erosion factors, in addition to some research and experiments required for it. Then comes the printing stage, which consists of the embroidery belt department, the kiswa sewing department, and then the Kaaba upholstery care unit..

After the end of all production and manufacturing stages, and approximately in the middle of the month of Dhu al-Qi’dah, an annual ceremony is held in the Kaaba Kiswah factory, and the Kiswa is handed over to the chief guardian of the House . of God.

The last piece to be installed is the curtain of the door of the Kaaba, which is the most difficult stage of the process of changing the kiswa. After this is completed, the Kaaba skirt, which is lined with solid pieces of white cloth is, raised to a height of about three meters from the Shazrouan (the marble base of the Kaaba), known as the process of (the Ihram of the Kaaba) and the Kaaba dress is raised..

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