The world faces many challenges in the green transition in the field of energy, especially in light of the climate change crisis that is increasing every day, but there is another important challenge which is the high price technology for decarbonization and works to to provide necessary financing in this regard.
This file, which will strongly assert itself during the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention on Climate Change (COP 27) to be held next November in Sharm El-Sheikh, and allocate a day during the conference to the activities “decarbonisation” of the petroleum sector.
And the Middle East News Agency reviews in a report today, Saturday, the technologies for decarbonization and their costs, how will these technologies be transferred to developing countries and when will they be transferred?
Dr. Samir Tantawy, climate change consultant, member of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and director of the Fourth National Reporting Project of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), said in statements to the agency regarding the technologies. available for the decarbonization process, so far it is not possible to capture, store or separate any gas from greenhouse gases except carbon dioxide and these technologies are very expensive and there are two types of them, the first is carbon dioxide capture and storage in rocky geological formations, and the other is carbon dioxide capture and storage in sea and ocean layers with salt water at certain depths so that it is not allowed to leak Again, due to water pressure, but the reports and studies of the International Panel on Climate Change indicated that the storage of carbon dioxide under saltwater layers is not environmentally feasible, while its storage in geological formations is environmentally or economically feasible.
Tantawi added that this technology is still new technology at the moment, therefore it is expensive and not available in the developing world and is imported, which is a matter of great disagreement in the negotiation process between developing countries and industrialized countries, so the focus will be in “COP 27” to work to formulate a working document that explains Technologies, studies and the costs of these technologies, as well as to attract investments in the areas of decarbonization through the use of cheap technologies that can be financed by banks, so that they are economically feasible.
On how to transfer technologies to developing countries, Dr. Samir Tantawi indicated that this issue is what the negotiations will focus on and how technology with its knowledge secrets and intellectual property rights will be transferred. That this technology is the product of research and development carried out. issued by their private sector and spent a lot of money on it and that governments in Western countries cannot push the private sector as the owner of these technologies, and developing countries demand that these technologies be provided to them with their knowledge secrets and intellectual property rights so that they these technologies can use Technologies in the process to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Tantawi explained that the issue of marketing modern technologies is viewed from a purely marketing perspective by Western countries, that these technologies are owned by the private sector, which must recover the money spent on research and development and achieve profits. developing countries are affected by the negative effects of climate change despite It does not cause this problem.
On the removal of carbon and its role in solving the problem of climate change, Dr. Samir Tantawi emphasizes that if carbon is removed, the phenomenon of wild climate changes due to increased concentrations of greenhouse gases will not occur, and notes that if carbon is removed, the severity of severe weather phenomena such as extreme heat and cold will decrease. Severe rain , floods, waves of desertification and all these negative consequences. Decarbonisation and access to a carbon-neutral economy can lead to solving the problem of climate change and achieving what was agreed in the Paris climate agreement, not to increase the temperature of the atmosphere to 1.5 degrees Celsius, which ‘ a significant reduction in emissions required.
It is mentioned that the scientific definition of decarbonisation is the removal of carbon by natural methods from the atmosphere by chemical, physical or biological processes, and that the wider spread during the recent period includes carbon sequestration by industrial or human processes, and one of the most famous methods of carbon sequestration are carbon dioxide capture and storage. In several fields, the most famous of them are power stations that operate on fossil fuels, and the stations are enhanced with carbon dioxide hunting technology so that the amount of carbon dioxide resulting from the combustion of fuel for the operation of the station is not released into the atmosphere, but is hunted and then stored in geological formations with certain specifications Oil wells are depleted so that the rocks are not porous, thus ensuring that carbon dioxide stored in these geological formations does not leak out Decarbonisation is the pro ses to reduce carbon dioxide emissions for a specific activity and this leads to what is called a decarbonized economy.