Adolescent depression… its signs and causes, and how do parents deal with it? | Mirror

Amman – Adolescent depression is a psychological condition that has its own peculiarity. The feeling of sadness and indifference towards any physical activity that requires effort and challenge prevails, negatively affecting the adolescent’s mental way of thinking and behaving, as well as causing incomprehensible mood swings.

Educators believe that the causes of adolescent depression are due to hormonal or genetic changes in family history, or the adolescent’s exposure to emotional trauma on an emotional level, such as the loss of a parent during childhood or physical abuse leading to a feeling of helplessness.

Adolescent depression comes in a variety of forms, including: excessive stress when the adolescent faces any challenge, no matter how simple, poor memory, persistent complaints of health and physical problems, and adolescents shirking their responsibilities by laziness and sleep due to their reluctance to interact with others, and these signs are accompanied by disturbances in the general mood For any daily life activity with which he has to do, according to educators.

Educators confirm that depression interferes with the normal and daily performance of body functions, and limits the ability to live in safety Academic performance declines, because a healthy mind lives in a healthy body, and because the body complains, the mind is disturbed by the abnormally affected. behavior Feelings of helplessness, frustration and tension lead to withdrawal from Study Requirements, leaving the required tasks that require high cognitive abilities, as poor memory negatively affects performance, so there is no motivating task for study; The dark feeling of the teenager and his relationships with others.

Adolescent feelings of helplessness, frustration and tension lead to withdrawal from study requirements (Shutterstock)

Not “passing grief”

In order to expand on the concept of adolescent depression and its consequences, Al Jazeera Net interviewed a consultant psychiatrist, Dr. Ashraf Al-Salihi, who explained that “adolescent depression is a dangerous psychological disorder in which the adolescent feels permanent sadness and the inability to enjoy anything in his life, and his life is affected in social, academic and personal terms. ” .

He adds that it is not a “passing grief”, nor a “period of passing”, but rather a pathological condition represented by a group of symptoms that appear simultaneously in the adolescent, including : buried sadness, lack of enjoyment, sleep and eating disorders, feelings of inferiority, negative thoughts and isolation Low energy, thoughts of death or suicide.

Teenage depression causes feelings of inferiority, low energy and thoughts of death or suicide (pixels)

environment and genetics

The consultant Al-Salihi explains that depression affects children in the age of adolescence (12-17 years), and before that it is called childhood depression, and after that it is called adult depression, and its causes are: the environment and genes.

He continues, “Studies on children of identical twins have proven that there is a genetic cause for depression. If one brother suffers from depression, the incidence of the identical twin with the same depression is 50-75%, compared with the brother of non-identical twins, which is estimated at 20%.”

As for the environmental causes, it can be the result of the wrong education system, or the accumulated social pressure and repeated problems from the parents, or the pressure of studying and bullying or the pressure of colleagues, and don’t forget the hormonal changes. in the adolescence stage, and the accompanying mood, behavior, physical and mental changes, according to Al-Salihi.

Dr. Ashraf Al-Salihi: Adolescent depression causes sudden or gradual changes for the adolescent (Al-Jazeera)

Changes in thoughts and feelings

Dr. Al-Salihi states that one of the signs of adolescent depression is sudden or gradual changes in 3 things in a teenager’s life; Include his thoughts, feelings and behavior.

He explains that the adolescent’s thoughts “change, become negative towards himself, society and the future, so his self-confidence decreases, doubts about his abilities begin, and he believes that everyone around him is better than him, expects a bad future , and thinks the world around him does not love him or understand him. His feelings are also different, It becomes melancholy, and he is always sad, and nothing makes him happy, he hesitates a lot in his decisions, isolates from people, and cares less about his cleanliness, and he can also become hostile and nervous.

Parents should see a psychiatrist immediately if they feel that the adolescent’s condition has become dangerous (pixels).

Contain and listen

Al-Salihi says that the correct behavior for parents is to talk to their teenage children, understand their needs and accept that they are in a critical stage that is difficult for the children themselves to understand.

“Parents must embrace the adolescent child, listen to him and his fears, discuss his feelings, offer love, support and understanding and give him a personal space to express his feelings.”

Al-Salihi explains that one of the common educational mistakes in dealing with the child is to blame the child and advise him to say, “Don’t cry,” “Pull yourself together,” and “There is nothing is not worth it” (nothing is worthy). Revise. his grades or change his behavior, rather than trying to understand it.

He added, “Some parents may accuse their children of being far from God, and that their religion has weakened, so they are sad, and they don’t realize that by doing that, they are causing more pain and sadness and burden do not instill in their child away from religion, because the child will understand that God does not love him.”

Among the complications of depression if the child is not treated, according to Al-Salihi, are his loss of friends, isolation, academic regression due to lack of focus, distance from parents within the home, aggression and nervous behavior, and thoughts of suicide .

Parents must restrain the teenage child and listen to him and his fears (pixels)

Tips for dealing with teenagers

Al-Salhi consultant offers a set of tips for parents in dealing with their teenage children:

  1. Parents should pay close attention to their children in adolescence (12-17 years), and sit with them and ask them about their day, feelings and problems.
  2. Parents should teach their children from their experiences and experiences, and not take it easy by giving them “packaged” solutions, but rather teach them how to think about solving problems.
  3. Parents should not mislead children that the world is overflowing with butterflies and roses, but rather give a true and balanced picture of life, that it has difficulties and problems and that the child must be strong in mind and body.
  4. Parents should encourage their children to exercise, form social relationships and reduce the time they spend on electronic devices.
  5. Parents should see a psychiatrist immediately if they feel that the teenager:
  • unmanageable; And that no matter how hard they tried to help him, he was still sad.
  • dangerous; If they feel that the teenager is considering suicide, has stopped eating or has lost more than 15% of his or her weight in two weeks.
  • Academically there is a significant decline.
  • Become hostile or aloof

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