There is no doubt that the digital infrastructure is the backbone of prosperous and developed economies, strong armies, transparent governments, institutions and free societies.
Cyberspace has become rooted in our lives (this field can be compared to a virtual computer or an electronic medium used to facilitate communication over the Internet), so it is a global field consisting of interconnected networks of information technology infrastructure, data, communication networks, computer systems and processors…etc.
Today we are talking about the number of Internet users in the world about 4.95 billion people, according to the statistics of the current year 2022, and this number is equivalent to about 62% of the total world population, and this number is constantly increasing, since there are about 257 million new internet users during one year. Roughly, the growth rate of Internet users is currently estimated at about 5.7% according to media reports, which is equivalent to more than 700,000 new users every day.
And lest we forget today, there are approximately 3 billion people who are still “offline” with the majority of these people in South and East Asia and parts of Africa, and current trends suggest that two-thirds of the world s population should be online sometime in the second half of 2023.
The reluctance of some governments to grant sufficient funds to institutions related to cyber issues is due to the lack of sufficient awareness of the seriousness of this field at the essential national level, and the role of cyber security in the process of protecting systems against digital attacks. in light of the emergence of a digital landscape that improves ongoing collaboration to monitor new risks
Rapid technological developments and innovative ideas are constantly changing and reshaping this virtual world, and therefore it is a dynamic development, and the degree of change in it is large and dramatic, for example, about 3 decades ago, wireless communication in public places unimaginable , we live today how The introduction of the wireless network raised the level of cyberspace to another height in terms of efficiency, convenience, fluidity and ease of communication and communication.
However, it also presents a new set of threats and challenges The recent invention of quantum computers (a theoretical computer model in which data and computer processes are processed by “quantum laws”) is 100 million times faster than existing computers, while this It offers much higher computing power, and hackers can also use the same device to hack securities faster and thus significantly change the cyber security landscape. This dynamic of the cyber space now requires an assessment of areas for the national cyber strategies of many countries.
The most common challenges in the formulation of cyber strategies are determined by several reasons, including but not limited to: the lack of a clear vision of electronic affairs at the national level, so that most developing countries do not have coherent national policies regarding their cyberspace has not, since as well as the heavy dependence on imported hardware and software, since many countries depend on the import of computer technology and technology from advanced countries in this field, such as China and America, and this in their vital sectors such as defense , security and economic and state financial institutions. Therefore, this dependence poses a serious threat to the national security of countries.
One of the other major reasons in this context is the insufficient budget allocation for cyber operations due to the reluctance of some governments not to give sufficient funds to organizations, bodies and institutions related to cyber issues due to a lack of understanding or perhaps a lack of sufficient awareness of the seriousness and importance of this field at the essential national level. And the role of cyber security in the process of protecting systems, networks and programs against digital attacks in light of the emergence of a digital landscape that improves continuous collaboration to monitor new threats.
Add to this the lack of an appropriate national structure to deal with cyber conflicts, as some countries do not have any specialized and integrated national institute or center that can manage and oversee cyber issues and respond to cyber security and improve information security in all its forms. , not to mention the absence of an ongoing cybersecurity culture within the bodies. The lax bureaucratic government in some third world countries, as most of those developing countries do not have a regulatory policy to monitor threats to their essential infrastructure, such as banks, telecommunications. networks, their financial transactions and various vital sectors, as it appears that some governments of developing countries are reluctant to initiate any radical change in the current policy and government apparatus, this trend is reinforced by the difficulty of adopting rapidly changing technologies in time, and the lack of research and development initiatives for local digital products, with the absence of research, studies and development centers in many of our third world countries without taking advantage of the available expertise. .
Based on this data, it can be said that it is very difficult for modern, developed and prosperous countries without finding solutions that overcome the problems mentioned in the above points, and without a reliable and strong system to ensure the safety of their cyberspace and space. The latter represents at the same time a huge, promising and pioneering opportunity. Without losing sight of its dark and dangerous side, which should be properly, thoughtfully and efficiently managed.
How can most of the infrastructure today in the various countries of the developed world rely on the cyberspace based on information technology and communication technology in all fields, industry, military, security, energy, water, health, transport system, banking sector, financial and government institutions, until it became an integral part of national security, and entered into Changing the form, techniques and methods of wars due to the change in the nature of its threats and damage to the essential and strategic institutions and centers of states.
Some countries and other parties may view cyberspace from a different perspective, some view it as a business opportunity and investment or a means of self-expression, while others view it as a threat to their national security, while there are many examples of technology used. for malicious purposes. Experience also teaches us that affordable access to communication technologies and global information flows can be a force for economic and technological progress and informational and technological superiority.
Going back to the beginning, cyberspace is a double-edged sword because of its positive aspects on one side and challenges and threats on the other, especially because cyber attacks and crimes have become complex, complex, accelerating and dangerous, and it is difficult. for many institutions to overcome and defend their cyber security without the presence of national action strategies And the acquisition of advanced technologies, applications and sound practices within a comprehensive cyber security strategy that takes into account all possibilities to meet the risks and threats of this growing global space occur, which has undoubtedly become the new battleground between the major world powers.