One of the most famous educational curricula that has achieved success in raising children around the world is the Montessori method, for its easy learning, either by reading or attending specialized education courses, and surprisingly, it starts as soon as birth and until your child reaches eighteen, and some reach more than twenty. Montessori is a method created and taught by Maria Montessori, the first Italian woman to become a doctor.
Raising children the Montessori way
The Montessori method is based on learning through observation and experimentation, and allows the child to choose what he would like to learn, so you are the first educational tool for your child, and the following steps summarize the most important steps you need have to start the Montessori educational curriculum:
1 – Teach him different activities at home
That is, don’t make him depend on you for everything. Start by teaching him the easy activities until you reach the more difficult ones, such as teaching him to first wipe his hands with a tissue, then wash his hands with soap and water, and then wash a cup or plate according to his age.
2 – Teach him according to tradition
That is, make the thing in front of him, but slowly so that he sees and learns. Let him help you arrange his room from the middle of the second year, when he is a year and a half old. Make a place for everything, a toy box, a wardrobe, a shoe shelf or a closet for it. And ask him to put it in its places.
3- Teach him to stay away from dangers
For example, he stays away from the stove or hot cups after feeling the heat, as well as the electrical sockets by seeing you as if you are in pain, for example, and so on.
4- Establish a daily routine for him
It helps him to learn faster, to organize his thoughts and his day (considered appropriate in this way). And if you notice that the child is interested in adult activities instead of playing and coloring, bring him, for example, a small plastic dish to wash, or toys that look like adult activities, such as a washing machine or a vacuum cleaner and others.
5- Let him help you carry things
Once your child is a year old, allow him to carry some things as if to help him, even if it seems a little heavy for him, it helps him to strengthen his muscles, but in an appropriate amount natural.
6- Ask him to give you some things
After he turns one, send him something for his grandfather in the second room, or have him give you clothespins while you mail, for example. Once he is two years old, you can teach him to count the numbers when he uses the clothespins by repeating them in front of him.
7- Teach him the colors by repeating them in front of him
Make a color every week, and point it out on learning cards, stories or on things around you at home and on the street. Teach him to color after the second year, bring two coloring books, one for him and the other for you, and start coloring with him, teaching him how to hold the pen and paint within the line.
8- Let him help you after you complete the second year in folding the laundry
And this by giving him the little pieces, to fold them like little towels and some of his clothes. Help your child learn to dress by letting him watch you dress while you talk to him, then ask him to imitate you. Start with easy-to-wear clothes that don’t have buttons or ties and then the more difficult ones, and you don’t mind helping him first.
9 – Teach him to welcome guests
And that is by welcoming your family, such as the child’s aunts, uncles or grandparents. Repeat this to him more than once and then encourage him to receive guests as you do later.
10- Ask him to clean up what caused his dirtiness
Like wiping up juice when it falls on the floor, teach him how to hold things with both hands and hold them in front of him like that, and ask him to put things back. For example, you will sit him in the kitchen with you and give him some simple tasks, such as picking molokhia sticks or catching a piece of dough and imitating it. But do not allow him to use the knife before the age of seven and in your sight, provided the knife is not offensive, and this also applies to the use of the oven.
11 – Teach your child to brush his teeth
And that by the time he reached the age of two, in addition to combing his own hair, and from the age of three, teaching him to shower alone and enter the bathroom before going to school, but always be with him , especially in the shower until the age of seven or eight, but without your interference to scrub his body and wash his hair.
12 – Explain the information to him when he is shopping
When you take him shopping, explain to him where the milk and cheese come from, and ask him to give the money to the seller, and when he reaches the age of six or seven, ask him to buy things and do the calculation himself to do. by paying the seller and calculating the required amount and the rest under your supervision and without your intervention.
13 – Give your child a personal allowance
It is as soon as he reaches school age at the age of five or six, and learns to save, and makes plans to implement it with his own money.
Learn more: Teach a child to be content with what he has
14 – Play some mental and motor games with him
And especially let the mental games be a competition between family members or other games such as chess or puzzle, and kinesthetics such as walking or running together, or participation in swimming lessons for mothers and their children, or listening to music and dancing.
15 – Set a fixed bedtime
And stick to a daily bedtime ritual like a glass of milk an hour before bed, then brushing your teeth and going to the bathroom. Talk to him about the day, whether your day or his day, and exchange knowledge about what made you happy or upset, this teaches him communication and dialogue and builds friendship between you, once he reaches the second, this again makes a essential part of your day.
16 – Discuss plans for the next day with him
And this is before reading the bedtime story, and get him used to sleeping alone in his own room, leave him a dim light and don’t wait for him to fall asleep. Do not allow your child to watch TV or play on tablets for more than an hour a day in total, and do not leave them in front of him right before bedtime, but stay away from them at least two hours before bedtime.
Tips for preparing your home according to the Montessori method
1 – Use low shelves that are easy for your child to reach, and teach him to be careful with the use of tools and their susceptibility to damage and breakage, and teach him that everything has a specific place.
2 – Use small tables and chairs, because it helps your child to learn, because it is easy for him to move and move it from one room to another without your help, and it teaches him independence.
3 – Use baskets and small storage units that are easy to carry and light in weight, and for each activity assign a special box of a specific color, so that the child can recognize it and put it back in its place.
4 – Buy him small utensils that he can hold, such as cups, small plates, jugs and measuring spoons, which enable him to learn to write and count later, for example allow him to use measuring spoons to fill in pulses such as lentils or beans a bowl
5- Dedicate a corner where you put materials from nature, to teach your child to distinguish between the textures of things, their sizes and colors, and to teach him that the nature around him, these materials differ according to the seasons of the year, and they can be real or miniature figures, such as flowers, plants or miniature animals.
6 – Recycle things in your home that can be used as learning tools, such as empty kitchen bottles, spoons and small plastic cans.
Learn more: Teaching numbers to children from 1 to 20
Note from «Madam Net»: Before applying this recipe or this treatment, you must consult a specialist doctor