The Algerian state of Tipasa on the Mediterranean coast west of Algiers holds many antiquities dating back to the Roman era and treasures that tell the history of mankind in the Mediterranean region and successive civilizations, which over the years have become a sanctuary for historians and researchers. changed. in the field of archeology to do research on it and on The legends that tell about it, and one of the most important archaeological sites is the Mauritanian royal mausoleum or what is known locally as the Roman tomb.
On both sides of the highway that connects the provinces of Algiers and Tipasa and the upper city of Sidi Rashid, the Mauritanian royal mausoleum is visible, a landmark the size of the Egyptian pyramids built on top of a hill, stretching it tens of kilometers make far visible. . It is still more than two thousand years after its construction, and it is high and shortens an important stage in human history, which is the civilization of the Mediterranean Sea, although the building has not revealed its full facts and secrets until today do not have. Mysteries still exist about the way it was built, the main motive for it, and the historical elements related to this amazing engineering feat, which in its engineering represents the splendor and intelligence of the Pharaohs in design with techniques and almost non-existent materials. exceeded abilities. at that time. This building also remains a subject of controversy and research within the scientific community, especially among researchers in archeology and ancient history.
Despite the numerous visits prepared by researchers in archeology through excavations and the organization of scientific visits by European researchers experts in this field, especially to reveal the historical facts of ancient monuments, they did not decide on a single hypothesis to solve the mystery of the building. , its design, the techniques used at the time and the location of the stones built into it, and the reason for choosing the circular shape in the design, in addition to the real reason that prompted the second Yuba; He is a Berber king and son of Yuba I (King of Numidia), until the completion of this historic building.
Youssef Saidani, an archaeologist at the University of Tipasa, says: He is the son of the city of Sidi Rashid. Scholars unanimously agreed on a story that could be closer to the truth, based on their research, novels and old books that touched on the subject, explaining that “the oldest text we have reached about this building is by a Latin geographer named Pomponius Mila in his book Pharaonic Taste, Its authorship dates back to about forty years BC, that is, the era of the Romans’ takeover of the Mauritanian Kingdom and its transformation into a Roman state.
Saidani continues that historians have disagreed about some facts since the beginning of the twentieth century; Some of them prefer to attach the mausoleum to King Yuba II, and some of them believe that it was built much earlier. The famous historian Romanelli believes that the tomb was built in the fifth or sixth century BC according to the pattern of the round mausoleum built by Emperor Hadrian in Rome, that is, in the form of a stepped cone surrounded by 60 columns ending with Ionic capitals, and the sanctuary contains 4 false doors 6 meters high with inscriptions A prominent cross in the form of a cross, which contributed to the name of the tomb of the Romans.
He adds that the most important archaeological excavations date from 1555, when Pasha Saleh destroyed the mausoleum to obtain treasures and used a cannon, which damaged the eastern false door. As for the first organized excavations, they were carried out between 1865-1866 under the supervision of the researcher “Barbarger”, who held the position of Inspector General of Antiquities in Algeria at the expense of Emperor Napoleon III. The latter tried to search for the burial chamber and used a probe like the one used to dig wells. After continuous efforts for 4 months, the sin suddenly fell, and the latter came to the conclusion that the inner sanctum was empty, so he decided to dig a tunnel under the southern false to for the first time a to discover a wide circular vestibule leading to a central room.
This historical landmark stores a historical and unique love story. If Nebuchadnezzar II (the second king of the Neo-Babylonian Empire) built the Hanging Gardens of Babylon in Iraq in honor of his wife, or the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan for his wife Mumtaz built the Taj Mahal in India, the king chose Berber Juba II presented to his wife Cleopatra Cellini; The daughter of the pharaonic queen of Egypt Cleopatra, a gift that remains immortal through the ages and a witness of her place in his kiss forever. He wanted to bury us together so that even in death they would not be separated. This story perpetuated a historical family relationship that brought together the Berbers in Algeria and the Pharaohs in Egypt 40 years BC, as historians say.
During the security crisis that Algeria witnessed in the nineties of the last century, the Algerian authorities closed the Mauritanian royal mausoleum for fear of any sabotage by terrorist groups. To the information provided by the specialists, enjoy the blue sea and forests around the site, enjoy the refreshing breeze and have breakfast in the lap of nature.
This site suffers from a lack of official interest in it, like many archaeological sites in Algeria, and many visitors express regret in some ways about the state of this archaeological site. Farid, who came with his family from France to spend a summer holiday in the coastal state of Tipasa, said: “Such sites in Europe receive special attention and the entrance fees to them vary between 10 and 30 euros, at a time when Algeria has this wonderful site, which has free access The government, however, does not make good use of it to attract a large number of tourists.”
In turn, his friend Moussa suggests turning the area near the site into a tourist area and erecting a beautiful hotel overlooking the sea with playgrounds and a wildlife park that could become an important economic resource for the region alter.