Basant Al Sharqawi
Posted in: Saturday August 6, 2022 – 13:06 | Last update: Saturday 6 August 2022 – 13:06
More than half a century after the first man landed on the moon, the Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, the American “NASA” agency is now preparing to choose the first woman to land on the moon among the 9 female astronauts in the agency .
Now, in 3 years, NASA has reduced a long list of women to just 9; Choosing just one of them will go down in history through the journey that will begin in 2025.
The British “Daily Mail” website looked at the 9 astronauts, among whom NASA will choose one to become the first in history to land on the moon, including an Israeli girl named “Jessica Meir”.
1- Christina Koch
She holds the record for the longest solo spaceflight by a woman, spending 328 days in orbit between 2019 and 2020 during her journey to the International Space Station, which includes many nationalities.
Christina completed 6 spacewalks lasting 42 hours and 15 minutes on a record mission to the International Space Station.
From childhood she wanted to be an astronaut, and joined the “Rocket Club” in her middle school.
Christina, 43, previously worked in Antarctica at Amundsen-Scott South Pole and Palmer Station, while later contributing instruments to the Juno spacecraft and the Van Allen space probe.
2- Nicole Mann
She is a Marine Corps colonel and former “test pilot” who flew 47 combat missions in Iraq and Afghanistan and logged more than 2,500 flight hours in 25 different aircraft.
Almost a decade ago, she was one of 8 candidates selected from over 6,300 applicants for astronaut training at NASA, then completed her astronaut training in 2015.
3- Anne McClain
Anne McClain, 43, a former US Army helicopter pilot and Iraq veteran who played rugby in the Women’s Premier League, credits the sport with giving her “audacity, toughness and mental focus” for her success as a astronaut.
She was initially scheduled to perform her first solo female spacewalk with Christina Koch during Women’s History Month in March 2019, but “spacesuit size” issues held her back.
4- Jessica Meir
She is 45 years old, Israeli. At the age of 13, she attended a youth space camp at Purdue University, Neil Armstrong University, and then was eventually selected to join NASA in 2013, before completing physiological training, survival training, flight lessons and a wide range of technical training at the NASA undertook. Centers, space around the world.
She worked as an aeronautical engineer at the International Space Station for missions 61 and 62, after launching into space on September 25, 2019, and the newspaper “Daily Mail” says that her arrival at the station came at an unusual time, because there are 9 people on board.
The British newspaper added that Meir completed the first female spacewalk alongside Christina Koch in October 2019, and that she speaks English and Russian, which are needed to train astronauts, and Swedish because her mother is from Sweden and her father is from Israel .
Before becoming an astronaut, Meir focused her career as a scientist on animal physiology in extreme environments, and also participated in Smithsonian Institution diving expeditions to Antarctica and Belize, and was active in scientific outreach efforts. , but did not explain the relationship of the army. uniform with environmental work.
Meir played the flute, piccolo and saxophone when she was young, and read classical literature.
When asked how she would feel if she were chosen to become the first woman in history to land on the moon, she said: “I would be very excited and happy. The big one.”
5- Jasmine Mujibili
She is the mother of twin girls, aged 39, who was chosen last March to be the commander of NASA’s “Space Crew 7” mission to the International Space Station.
Jasmine is expected to take part in her first space flight in 2023 on a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida, after becoming a NASA astronaut in 2017.
Born in what was then West Germany, to an Iranian family, before her parents immigrated to the United States, she later earned a bachelor’s degree in aerospace engineering with information technology from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where she played volleyball and basketball and also graduated with honors from the US Navy Experimental School in Patuxent River, Maryland.
She worked as a test pilot in the Marine Corps, flying more than 150 missions and achieving 2,000 flight hours in more than 25 different aircraft on the panels.
6- Kate Robbins
She became the 60th woman to fly in space when she was launched to the International Space Station on July 7, 2016 aboard a Russian Soyuz spacecraft.
During her mission, she became the first person to sequence DNA in space, and during her two flights she spent 300 days in space, the fourth longest time by an American astronaut.
A microbiologist and NASA astronaut, Robbins also has a PhD in cancer biology, where she later researched treatments for Ebola and Lassa viruses, while helping to develop a model of smallpox infection.
During her last trip to the International Space Station, she worked on a heart experiment to study how changes in gravity affect cells in the heart and blood vessels at the cellular and tissue level.
7- Jessica Watkins
She currently works as a mission specialist on NASA’s SpaceX Crew 4 to the International Space Station, which launched on April 27, 2022.
She also worked at NASA’s Ames Research Center and NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and was an associate on a science team for NASA’s Mars Science Laboratory, Curiosity.
Born in Colorado, she received a Bachelor of Science in Geological and Environmental Sciences from Stanford University, and a Ph.D. in Geology from the University of California, Los Angeles.
8- Stephanie Wilson
She became the second brunette to go into space, and is a veteran of 3 space shuttle missions to the International Space Station, in 2006, 2007 and 2010.
Stephanie is NASA’s oldest African-American astronaut and the most traveled in space, with more than 42 days in orbit, and if she is selected as the first woman, she will also hold the title of “oldest person to walk on the moon walk”, which set the record for him. Alan Shepard, aged 47 years and 80 days, in 1971.
Stephanie holds a Bachelor’s Degree in Engineering from Harvard University and a Master’s Degree in Aeronautical Engineering from the University of Texas. In 2009, 2013 and 2017, she served on the Astronaut Selection Board, and currently serves as the Chief of Staff for the Astronaut Office Mission Support Branch.