Edgar Morin: Thoughts on education and school

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Edgar Morin’s project worked on many philosophical workshops and anthropological investigations, starting from his first phase of thought, during which he focused on studying the question of death, and then moving to a second destination, during which he was inspired by the characteristics of the thesis of the complex mind, the background of his basic vision of the realities of the world, as well as his diverse and encyclopedic interests in the sociology of culture. Public, youth, education.

The school must strive to reconcile three basic tasks with each other: anthropological, civic, national. enjoy within the context of their ability to integrate. into society, and then elevate the meaning of life and thought.

The school is an educational space, says Moran, which enables each individual to invest in the realization of his aspirations within the framework of his belonging to the group. Thus the idea of ​​personal responsibility and solidarity with others is firmly established .

The need to consolidate the building blocks of a good life:

A horizon that, as a structuring framework, requires in the first place the entrance and the consolidator of the art of living and living: that each of us learns how to live, and evokes the beginning and the continuation of this obsession. An idea that originated with Jean-Jacques Rousseau.

We know that the intention to inspire the trends of modern education was mainly aimed at making man preserve his natural quality and essence, without confusing the natural during the primitive state, and then during the civil state. Something that is achieved through education, where we can direct the emotions and feelings of the child. To give him the means not to be drawn into the game of opinions against the determinants of the social vortex, which would make him lose his pure and transparent self.

“To live, the task I wanted him to learn,” said Rousseau, referring to his pupil. I confess my reluctance, for my instructions to lead him in the direction of becoming a judge, a soldier or a priest. It’s only human.”

The art of living, the individual captures the sum of his priorities from family, school and reading books.

Thus, in order for his reader to embody the momentum of his conception of the centrality of the meaning of life, as an introduction to education, Moran referred to the book “Emile”, a work that required Rousseau’s reflections which lasted twenty years. , then another three years to adjust it according to its final formulation.

Given the progressive ideas of the Constitution of Modern Education, the Paris Parliament passed a resolution condemning the contents of an e-mail and ordered the burning of its pages, as well as the arrest of Rousseau. Also, one of the monks of the city of Lyon took the initiative to immediately come up with an antithesis, which he called “Against Emile”, which calls for a strict education and contempt for Rousseau’s ideas.

The central thesis of the social contract philosopher is based on the following equation: “To really think about education, it is necessary to go back to childhood to find love again.” The core of the child’s self-love is the various possible moments and experiences of consciousness. As the child’s relationships and needs expand and expand, his sense of his ties to others will become clear, with feelings shared and attracted by a new system determined by inclinations, duties, and impediments; Then the child turns into a person, for example: jealous, deceitful, malicious.

The social pollutes and kills human nature, at the moment of transition from virginity and innate self-love, to the superficiality and falsehood of what Rousseau calls private love.

Rousseau constituted a first and absolutely indispensable reference for the educational system to which Edgar Morin aspired; through the school gate. Success or failure, regarding the preparation of the learner to become a citizen capable of facing the problems of his personal life, and saturation with critical awareness of the risks of mistakes.

Always within the same context, Moran is guided by the dimensions of a perception of Michel de Montaigne, asserting that: “a well cared for head is better than the last very full”. The tight mind offers us the ability to organize knowledge and avoid its sterile accumulation.

So, the call to learn for a greater and greater purpose lies in life. Thus we live free, we enjoy independence and freedom of belief and thought. The basis of education is the building of knowledge that is able to accommodate the problems of society and the overlapping and integration of knowledge, with the aim of making life and accommodating the other and confronting oneself, then the necessity to transform educational information into knowledge, so that knowledge becomes wisdom.

The humanities play a decisive role under the folds of life learning: literature, a tangible path to knowing-being. Philosophy, self-reflection. Theatre, poetry, art and music, fields that reflect a passion through which knowledge is imparted; As long as ideas can only move with passion.

* Find the importance of the most important issues:

Education whose principle is living, in the first place, with the aim of enabling the individual to effectively dispose of faculties and dynamic abilities through which he absorbs his private and public environment. Understanding of human complexity is achieved.

Strict specialization prevents an understanding of the real and the essential, because real problems are never partial. Human culture is inclusive, and it must adopt this perspective to address various issues, under the guidance of general intelligence.

The perception naturally falls within his research on the activation of his references on human complexity and complex thinking, thus rejecting the various justifications for specialization and the calls of advocates of knowledge fragmentation. A characteristic that we are currently witnessing its dominance, more and more, over the current school orientations and the education system. It urgently calls to undermine the premises of this fate, and to provide an integrated and balanced future perspective that man in the center of his attention according to his multiple physical, biological, psychological, social, historical dimensions… The necessity of focusing on education Education, in a timely and balanced way, focuses on the study of man according to the unity of his plurality as well as the plurality of its unity, in an attempt to understand the conditions of its condition within the framework of a complex unity.

The multiplicity of disciplines presupposes regularity, based on relational communication and open dialectical dialogue between the bulk of knowledge, feeding the mind, and then the construction of thought.

Within the framework of the representation of the strategy of the meaning of the big issues, for example, the question arises “What is man in this world?” which absolutely affects our existential identity. The answer to that requires a multidisciplinary knowledge and educational formation, with the help of philosophy, biology, literature, history, psychology and sociology… Also, and in the same vein, when you try to, for example, Galilean physics or to study the economic crisis during 1929, it is necessary to consider the efforts of the physicist, historian, philosopher, etc.

Always according to the same perspective, it is necessary to reconcile throughout the study stages between the humanities and then the utilitarian/instrumental knowledge, since the school serves as a great workshop to reconcile the professional and technical needs of society, in addition to gaining access . to the richness of a multiple culture spread between the humanities, literature, history and ancient languages.

* Instructor position:

Various modern technologies cannot renounce the role of the teacher, so that his role will remain effective and unique, based on human and civilized nobility. He is the head of the choir or the god Eros. Teaching and learning is a passion that needs Eros just as Plato taught us.

However, it must be recognized that his work has transformed since the dominance of the context of the digital system. In previous eras, he reviewed knowledge and then asked students to reflect on it. Currently, due to the revolution in the wealth of technology through the knowledge provided by the Internet, its alternative role has become a knowledge guide; An organizer of its vast threads, guiding the students amidst a mysterious and nebulous ocean of a stream of information, it organizes different things and adds depth to the field of its teaching based on its specialized knowledge.

The teacher must have full confidence in himself and his mission as well as his legal status, because his role does not stop only when he bears the burden of the task of imparting certain knowledge, but goes beyond his great and beautiful quest, that is many , and the Doctor share the same status and symbolism.

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