Books – Mohamed Abdel Nasser:
The Syndicate of Engineers said that based on the preparatory hearing for the “Engineering Education Conference: Aspirations and Challenges – First Meeting”, held on Monday at the Egyptian Syndicate of Engineers, the following recommendations were reached:
First: The Syndicate demands that the number of students admitted to engineering education this year does not exceed 25,000, which is equivalent to 5% of high school graduates.
Second: With regard to admission to universities and private engineering institutions, the Syndicate demands that the minimum coordination of admission to them should not be less than 5% of the coordination of admission to state engineering colleges.
Third: The union demands that technical education students be told to coordinate the admission of new technological colleges, with a recommendation to establish a trade union for technologists, and the union of engineering professions can be formed (the Syndicate of Engineers – the Syndicate of Applicants – the Syndicate of Technologists).
This took place in the presence of Eng. Tariq Al-Nabrawi – Captain of Engineers, Dr. English Hossam Rizk – Deputy of the Syndicate, Consulting Engineer Mohamed Nasser – Treasurer, Eng. Ahmed Sabry – Assistant Secretary General and Media Spokesperson for the Syndicate, Engineer Al-Moataz Billah Barakat – Assistant Treasurer, and a number of Councilors The Supreme Council, and a constellation of university professors and those involved in engineering education, Syndicate of Engineers held its first discussion sessions, in preparation for a conference to be held soon to discuss “the problems of engineering education in Egypt”.
The participants in the discussion session recommended that the number of students admitted to engineering colleges and institutes this year should not exceed 25,000 students, stressing that this number is the maximum that all engineering colleges and institutes in Egypt can accommodate.
The participants emphasized that the total difference between enrollment in government engineering colleges, private engineering colleges and engineering institutions should not exceed 5%.
The Union of Engineers said that the union would strongly support the formation of a union of technologists to include graduates of technological colleges, and would work to establish a union of unions for engineering professions that would include unions of engineers, practitioners and include technicians.
In his opening speech, the Syndicate of Engineers expressed its happiness with the participation of scientific and engineering figures of university professors and young engineers who are interested in discussing the problems of engineering education in Egypt, emphasizing that the issue of engineering education is a central and main issue, and is considered a national security that affects all aspects of life in Egypt.
He said: “Discussing the problems of engineering education in Egypt is our main concern as a Supreme Council, and we insist that we see this file through to its conclusion,” noting that it is a thorny and complex file that passed through many years. of neglect, explains that today’s session is the first of the discussion sessions, in preparation for a conference He discusses this issue at a high level with the relevant authorities.
In turn, Dr. Eng. Hossam Rizk, the union’s representative, confirms that the Syndicate of Engineers is concerned about the product, which is the engineer in all his specialties. Therefore, we are interested in studying the problems of engineering education in Egypt, to which the political leadership referred by the necessity to pay attention to university education in general and engineering education in particular, because of its great place in the development of the society.
Rizk also expressed his happiness with the presence of a group of Egyptian engineering professionals who will enrich today’s discussion and greatly contribute to come up with recommendations that we present to senior officials that will solve the problem of engineering education in Egypt.
“Rizk” explained that the political leadership pointed to the danger of the drop in the level of education, and the follower realized that the political leadership wanted a radical solution to this problem, pointing out that Egypt was a candidate is for the reconstruction of neighboring countries, and for that it is necessary to work on the analysis of the problem, describe it, then study it and come up with recommendations. decided to come up with a solution to the problem of engineering education, emphasizing that the union was doing its part and coming up with a prescription for a solution to the engineering education crisis.
For his part, Dr Eng Hamdi El-Leithi, former head of the Engineering Education Committee at the Syndicate of Engineers, through a detailed presentation of the problem of engineering education, explained that Egypt has a real problem in engineering education after the Egyptian engineer was a pioneer in the Arab region, and it is a pity that the position of the Egyptian engineer has declined a lot. That development in Egypt rests on the shoulders of engineers.
Point out that the problem started in the late eighties of the last century, and no one approached it sensibly until the gap worsened, and note that one of the most important manifestations of this problem was announced by President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi has that 111 “university graduates” passed the terms and criteria of the initiative from more than three hundred thousand applicants. For the “Builders of Digital Egypt” initiative, which is a free program for qualification in international universities and obtaining a master’s degree in the field of information and communication technology, at which the individual costs up to 30 thousand dollars.
Regarding some facts of the current situation in the engineering education crisis in Egypt, Al-Laithi explained that there are no requirements to join engineering education except the results of high school and technical education results, which are the main branches of engineering education , and the lack of clarity of the mechanism for determining the acceptable numbers in some engineering education institutions, as well. There are no requirements for membership in the Syndicate except to obtain a Bachelor of Engineering approved by the Supreme Council of Universities is in accordance with the current law, and there are no requirements or tests for practicing the profession, which has led to a weakening of the demand for the Egyptian engineer in the Arab world due to the poor level of education.
Regarding the challenges to solve the engineering education crisis, “Al-Leithi” indicated that they are represented in the evaluation and measurement of the quality of the outputs of engineering education and their suitability for practicing the profession in Egypt and in the abroad, increasing job opportunities, upgrading the salaries of engineers, developing means and mechanisms to face all previous challenges and drawing a road map for the trade union’s role to overcome these challenges and gradually find realistic solutions implement in coordination and cooperation between all parties involved.
Regarding the ambitions to overcome the problem of engineering education, he said: “It is necessary to restore the leadership of the Egyptian engineer in its Arab region, and to set special requirements for acceptance of engineering education and a mechanism for determining numbers according to market needs.”
Dr. English Sherif Sedky, Academic President of New Giza University and former CEO of Zewail City for Science and Technology said: “Engineering education is a complex problem, and the most dangerous thing about it is that engineering sciences have developed a lot, while engineering education in Egypt does not keep up this development, and there is a huge gap between engineering education and industry, as an engineering graduate is not currently qualified to keep up with the amazing development in the industry.”
While dr. Confirming that the high school certificate is not a measure of students’ skills and abilities, Yasser Saqr, the former president of Helwan University, said: “It is better to hold a skills test for those who want to enroll in colleges . and engineering institutes,” saying, “This proposal was put forward some time ago, but it was not implemented,” calling on the Syndicate of Engineers to define the specifications of the engineering graduates, and to requirements of the labor market, and note that the current generations of students have a mental composition that is very different from previous generations, and modern technology offers them golden opportunities in quick access to information, and the speed of completion of studies and engineering research.
With revealing numbers, Dr. English Abdel Fattah Hashem – Professor of Engineering at South Valley University and former vice president, reviewed various numbers and statistics that reveal the roots and dimensions of the crisis. He said: Until 1960, there were only 5 engineering colleges in Egypt, and all of them were government colleges, then the establishment of 5 industrial institutes in Shubra, Mansoura, Port Said, Menouf and Minya, and in 1974 those institutes were transformed into colleges of engineering and technology, and then had colleges of engineering only in 1980, and Egypt saw the first engineering institute in 1988, and its first group graduated in 1994, and until 2006 in Egypt it was not only 4 or 5 engineering institutes, but during the period from 2006 to 2011, the Ministry of Higher Education has 50 licenses granted to establish engineering institutes, and there are now 62 engineering institutes.
He added, until 2007, the number of students enrolled in engineering education did not exceed 5% of those who passed high school, and then the number increased year by year until it reached 12% of those who passed high school last year have, and this year approximately 60% of the successful students will join the Sports Department Engineering Colleges and Institutes.
He continued, “Until 2007, those who passed an industrial secondary school took an equivalency exam to enter engineering colleges and institutes, and this exam was standardized, and it was held only at Cairo University, and the number of people who passed this exam only varied between 50 and 100 students annually.” 4 places were allocated for equivalency examinations in Assiut, Zagazig, Helwan and Kafr El-Sheikh, and the number of successful candidates increased to the thousands, and in 2012 students from the industrial secondary system, the 5-year system, were allowed to directly to enroll in engineering colleges and institutes without an equivalency examination.
Dr. Abdel Fattah Hashem added that the ratio of engineers to the population in Egypt far exceeds the global ratio, which is estimated at one engineer for every 200 people, that is, 5 engineers for every thousand citizens, while the ratio in Egypt is 8, 5 engineers for every thousand citizens.
He continued, and according to international rates, if the number of births in Egypt is approximately 2.5 million children annually, this means that only 22.5 thousand students are supposed to enroll in engineering colleges annually, while those who enrolling in engineering colleges exceeds 40 thousand annually. Student.
Dr. Abdel Fattah Hashem explained that the number of engineering educational institutions in Egypt is currently 142 institutions, including 30 state engineering colleges, 15 private engineering colleges, 62 private institutes and 5 engineering colleges in private universities, noting that the number of engineering colleges will with 15 colleges in private universities and 10 colleges in private universities are increasing. , which will increase the number of accepted.