Scientific and technological innovation and development in the new era

Today’s world is undergoing profound changes unprecedented in a century.

The impact of the “Covid-19” pandemic is wide and far-reaching, while the global economic recovery faces major challenges.

In this context, Chinese President Xi Jinping noted that all countries of the world should improve openness and cooperation in science and technology, explore ways and means to jointly solve important global issues through scientific and technological innovation, and the challenges of the facing time to promote global peace and development.

Scientific and technological innovation activities cross the boundaries of regions, countries and organizations, and competition is increasing in the innovation sector, which is a great support for national development, improving the quality of development and people’s living standards in our modern age.

In the period of China’s implementation of the reform and opening up policy, it put forward the concept that “science and technology are the first productive forces”, and in the subsequent development, China paid attention to the role of science and technology as the primary drive to lead China’s development and achieve higher quality and more sustainable development.

Fully realizing the importance of technological sciences and scientific talents, China has seized opportunities for development and achieved rapid development over the past decades.

Nevertheless, scientific and technological progress requires constant breakthroughs and innovations. At present, by relying on innovation in science and technology, China can make a leap in its industries from low value chain to medium and high value chain, and succeed in changing China’s previous development pattern, represented in Relying on a large number of factors of production, adjusting China’s economic structure and giving it broader prospects for development.

Over the past decade, China has attached more importance to scientific and technological innovation, and has maintained that innovation is the most important driving force for development.

China’s investment in the research and development sector has increased from 1.03 trillion yuan (about 150.1 billion US dollars) in 2012 to 2.79 trillion yuan (about 406.4 billion US dollars) in 2021, and China has advanced from 34th place in the ranking of the Global Innovation Index in 2012 to 12th place in 2021.

China has also made a series of breakthroughs in the fields of space exploration and information and communication technology, such as 5G, digital industry, artificial intelligence, biomedicine, renewable energy, advanced equipment manufacturing and other technological applications and technologies.

For example, the completion of the networking of China’s BeiDou space navigation system, which allows China to stop relying on the Global Navigation System (GPS), and the construction of the China Space Station, which provides a valuable platform for space exploration and scientific research has. in the future.

China did not stop exploring the Moon and Mars. Rather, he took the lead in formulating international standards for the world’s first renewable energy system and infrastructure for building high-speed railways thanks to his leading technology in these fields.

With the development of digital technology as the innovation driver of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, emerging technologies – including artificial intelligence, big data, cloud computing and the Internet of Things – have fueled the development of China’s digital economy.

In 2021, the size of the Chinese digital economy exceeded 45 trillion US dollars, second in the world, and the average growth rate of the digital economy between 2012 and 2021 was 15.9%.

China put forward the concept of a “community with a shared future for mankind” and advocated common development in the digital age, so that developing countries can share the benefits of digital development in the digital age.

In 2017, China, Egypt and the UAE launched the International Digital Economy Cooperation Initiative along the “Belt and Road” to promote cooperation in digital transformation and investment in communication technology.

In 2019, China and Egypt signed a Memorandum of Understanding on Strengthening Cooperation in the Field of Communication and Information Technology to promote cooperation in building information and communication infrastructure, big data and artificial intelligence.

More Chinese technology companies have entered the Arab markets. The Chinese company “Huawei” has signed technical agreements with more than 10 telecommunications companies in the Middle East countries, including Kuwait, the UAE, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain and other countries, to build fifth generation networks.

In 2020, the Saudi Commission for Communications and Information Technology signed a memorandum of understanding with the Chinese company Huawei in an effort to strengthen the digital economy and ecosystem and localize technologies according to the latest international standards.

And last June, cloud computing services were launched by the Saudi Cloud Computing Company in collaboration with the Chinese company “Ali Baba” in the Saudi capital.

Scientific and technological innovation pushes the development of emerging industries, promotes the upgrading of traditional industries, and is a basis for the construction of large projects. China’s development achievements in recent years are inseparable from scientific and technological innovation, and China’s development still needs continuous innovation in the future to achieve economic transformation. Meanwhile, China is preparing to further open up scientific and technological cooperation and promote the building of a “community with a shared future for mankind” with countries around the world.

Chinese President Xi Jinping also stressed: “Scientific and technological achievements should benefit all mankind, rather than being used as a means to restrict and limit the development of other countries.”

The opinions and information contained in the opinion articles express the author’s point of view and do not reflect the direction of the newspaper

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