Scientific and technological innovation drives development in the new era

Scientific and technological innovation activities cross the boundaries of regions, countries and organizations, and competition in the innovation sector is increasing.

  • Scientific and technological innovation drives development in the new era

Today’s world is undergoing profound changes that it has not seen in a century, such as the impact of the Covid-19 epidemic and large-scale and far-reaching regional conflicts, which pose serious challenges to the global economic recovery.

In this context, Chinese President Xi Jinping noted that all countries of the world should improve openness and cooperation in science and technology, and explore ways and means to jointly solve important global issues, through scientific and technological innovation, and the challenges of the times to promote global peace and development.

Scientific and technological innovation activities cross the boundaries of regions, countries and organizations, and competition in the innovation sector is increasing. Scientific and technological innovation is a great support for national development and improvement of the quality of development and people’s standard of living in our modern era.

In the period of China’s implementation of the reform and opening up policy, it put forward the concept that “science and technology are the first productive forces”. In the subsequent development, China has paid attention to the role of science and technology, as the primary driving force to guide China’s development and achieve higher quality and more sustainable development.

Fully realizing the importance of technological sciences and scientific talents, China has seized development opportunities and achieved rapid development in recent years. Despite this, scientific and technological progress requires constant breakthroughs and innovations. At present, by relying on innovation in science and technology, China can make a leap in its industries from low value chain to medium and high value chain, and succeed in changing China’s previous development pattern by relying on a large number of factors of production, and adjust China’s economic structure and give it wider prospects for development.

Over the past decade, China has paid more attention to scientific and technological innovation, adhering to innovation as the main driving force of development, and its investment in the scientific research and development sector in China has increased from 1.03 trillion (about 150.1 billion US) dollars) in 2012 to 2.79 trillion yuan (about 406.4 billion dollars). US dollars) in 2021, and China’s ranking rose from 34th in the Global Innovation Index ranking in 2012 to 12th in 2021.

China has made a series of breakthroughs in space exploration, information and communication technology (such as 5G), digital industry, artificial intelligence, biomedicine, renewable energy, high-end equipment manufacturing and other technological applications and technologies. For example, the completion of the formation of the network of the Chinese space navigation system “Beidou”, which allows China to stop relying on the global navigation system (GPS), and the construction of its own Chinese space station, which is a valuable platform for space exploration and scientific research in the future, and did not stop About the exploration of the moon and Mars.

China has taken the lead in formulating international standards for the world’s first renewable energy system and infrastructure for high-speed rail construction thanks to leading technology in these areas.

With the development of digital technology, as the innovation engine of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, emerging technologies including artificial intelligence, big data, cloud computing and the Internet of Things, the Chinese digital economy ranked second in the world, a boosted and reached 45 trillion. yuan in 2021 AD, and the average growth rate of the economy reached 15.9% between 2012 and 2021.

China introduced the concept of a “community with a shared future for mankind” and advocated common development in the digital age, so that developing countries can share the benefits of digital development in the digital age. In 2017, China, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and other countries launched the “Belt and Road” international digital economy cooperation initiative to promote cooperation in digital transformation and investment in communication technology.

In 2019, China and Egypt signed a memorandum of understanding on strengthening cooperation in the field of communication and information technology to promote cooperation in building information and communication infrastructure, big data and artificial intelligence.

More Chinese technology companies have entered the Arab markets, and the Chinese company “Huawei” has signed technical agreements with more than 10 telecommunications companies in countries in the Middle East, including Kuwait, the UAE, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain and other countries to deploy 5G- building networks.

In 2020, the Saudi Commission for Communications and Information Technology signed a memorandum of understanding with the Chinese company Huawei in an effort to strengthen the digital economy and ecosystem and localize technologies according to the latest international standards. And last June, the services of the Saudi Cloud Computing Company in cooperation with the Chinese company “Alibaba” were launched for cloud computing services in the Saudi capital, Riyadh.

Scientific and technological innovation drives the development of emerging industries, promotes the upgrading of traditional industries, and is a basis for the construction of large projects. China’s development achievements over the past years are inseparable from scientific and technological innovation, and China’s development still needs continuous innovation in the future to achieve economic transformation.

At the same time, China is preparing to enhance openness and scientific and technological cooperation and promote the building of a “community with a shared future for mankind” with the countries of the world, as Chinese President Xi Jinping emphasized and said : “Scientific and technological achievements should benefit all of humanity, rather than being used as a means to limit the development of other countries.” and contain it.”

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