Agricultural activities are highly sensitive to climate changes, and the availability of data and the speed of information flow are common issues for taking precautions and proactive measures to reduce the risks of climate change, due to the significant acceleration in the occurrence of climate changes and their sequential effects on various agricultural activities Agricultural information, analysis and application in high risk areas.
“Al-Ahram Gate” reviews the risks of climate change on the agricultural sector by experts
Dr. Massad Qutb Hassanein, professor of climate change at the Agricultural Research Center, said that the agricultural sector is particularly sensitive to climate change, as this sector depends on natural resources (soil and water) under certain climatic conditions and certain plant varieties, all of which the final product of the crop The climate will directly or indirectly affect the rest of the factors that ultimately affect the effectiveness of the agricultural sector in achieving food security and providing healthy food, as well as the industries based on this sector. , which in turn will be reflected in economic growth and sustainable development in Egypt.
Negative effects of climate change
Hassanein added that the most direct negative effects of climate change on agricultural activities are the increase in crop water needs (due to higher temperatures than a general average), in addition to the deterioration of agricultural land productivity (due to an increase in the level of salinity and the degradation and decomposition of organic matter) and an increase in desertification (due to a lack of supplies) Water, especially in summer or due to the successive waves of wild weather).
The professor of climate changes at the Agricultural Research Center also completed the sinking of coastal areas (increased salinization of the northern delta lands due to the rise, the level of groundwater and the intrusion of salt water), adding that the ability of societies to cope with the negative effects of coping with climate change depends on the flexibility of their systems that can limit these effects. It is one of the countries most affected by climate change, due to its geography and also because of its weak institutional and adaptive capacities.
Early warning services to help farmers
Dr. Massad Qutb added that the climate early warning system works to support building the resilience of small farmers in the face of the consequences of climate change risks by building a database of climate information and accessing information using digital transformation technology and ‘ establish an early warning system. to predict weather and climate risks leading to the publication of recommendations for agricultural operations according to climate variables, as this helps to improve the responses of rural communities to climate disasters.
In a related context, Dr. Mohamed Ali Fahim, Head of the Climate Change Information Center at the Ministry of Agriculture said that the Ministry of Agriculture implements many activities to promote adaptation to climate change for small farmers, and the purpose of these activities is to build resilience against unusual weather phenomena for rural communities poor people in the delta and addressing the effects of climate change on agricultural productivity, livelihoods and food security.
agricultural technology policy
Fahim added that the Ministry of Agriculture has succeeded in providing a set of good agricultural practices to increase adaptation to climate change for the most important crops in the governorates.
The head of the climate change information center confirmed that based on the great success achieved by these previous activities, the current proposal will continue the results of the previous efforts of the Ministry of Agriculture in the northern coastal and Nile Delta regions, adding that the Ministry has implemented measures to adapt to climate change and reduce its effects through the production of varieties. Short-lived crops that are tolerant to the effects of climate change, development and modernization of the irrigation system, application of agricultural practices adapted to climate change and improvement of Egyptian animal breeds through genetic improvement techniques to increase their adaptation to climate change.
Dr. Mohamed Fahim pointed out that the Ministry of Agriculture, through its institutions and research centers, seeks to improve the adaptive capacity of the valley and Nile Delta regions in light of the expected climate-induced decline in food production and the productivity of crops and animals -, poultry and fish production, resulting in increased yields and returns for farmers, in addition to Expanding the production of crop varieties that tolerate climate change conditions (high temperature, high soil salinity and varieties that use less water).
The head of the Climate Change Center continued that the ministry aims to introduce many adaptation techniques such as the development of information and communication technology and digital transformation (the use of technology in the field of agricultural extension, forecasting of weather conditions, estimation of the productivity of crops and other fields), which will help vulnerable communities to reduce their losses and ultimately save income that would otherwise be lost, and the economic benefits include saved reductions in agricultural production on agricultural land and the resulting income for farmers.