The world faces the fury of nature “floods, fires and droughts.” Countries are being engulfed by storm surges and others are facing the repercussions of drought. Fires consume hundreds of hectares of forest. Lebanon is bracing for a new wave of fires

The world is still struggling to face the wrath of nature represented by floods and torrential rains that have submerged hundreds of homes in a number of countries, while others are still struggling to put out fires that have consumed hundreds of hectares of forested areas , while countries such as Morocco face the repercussions of unprecedented waves of drought.

Lebanon is preparing for the fire season

In the same context, Lebanon is preparing for a new wave of forest fires, due to the rise in temperatures and the increase in wind speed, and this challenge has a special situation in Lebanon, which it may not be able to confront in the light. of the weak capacities and deteriorating economic conditions, which push the country to rely on the help of neighboring countries, such as Cyprus.

Last June, the season of fires in the green forests of Lebanon began with high temperatures, and a large fire broke out in a forest in Batrmaz, Dinnieh District, North Lebanon, while another fire in a forest in Baabda district broke out, but the local forces and the people of the area were able to extinguish it.

A study prepared between the Lebanese Ministry of Environment and the University of Balamand reveals the green areas and forests of Lebanon destroyed by the fires. The area of ​​burned lands reached 2,838 hectares in 2021, including 2,100 hectares of green forests in the country, 215 hectares of agricultural land and 1,631 lands with environmental diversity. According to the study.

Algeria and Tunisia

In Algeria, which has faced an unprecedented wave of fires, the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, Mohamed Abdelhafid Heni, instructed that all files must be taken care of most efficiently, while respecting deadlines and standards regarding losses caused by forest fires that some states have recently. known, according to a ministry statement During a coordination meeting dedicated to taking care of the losses caused by the recent forest fires, mr. Hani also emphasized the “optimal guarantee of all recorded losses and damages, for which the state has exerted necessary capabilities.”

The states and regions affected by the fires are being investigated to determine damage and losses.

At the same level, very large fires have recently broken out in the forests of Tunisia in the neighboring states of Beja and Jendouba, in the regions of Tabarka, Ain Draham and Fernana, and in forests on the border with Algeria, where waves of hot winds have caused the fires to spread .

A huge fire also broke out in the forest of Jebel Zaouia El Magayez of the delegation of the Hobby in Tunisia, where four fire-fighting appliances were immediately transferred with the help of four forest fire-fighting appliances to control the fire.

flood

And in Yemen, which has faced floods and torrents, in most of the governorates during the past weeks, it has caused great damage, as more than 90 people have died and houses and agricultural land have been destroyed for thousands of families, in addition to many vital infrastructure facilities within the country, according to the Eastern News Agency. In the Middle East, about 100 people, including children, died in different regions, and about 35,000 families were affected by torrential rains, and heavy rains and floods exacerbated the spread of seasonal aggravation. and water-borne diseases, such as cholera, dengue fever and malaria, which claim the lives of many in the country. The percentage of health facilities that are still in operation does not exceed 51%.

droughts in Morocco

On the other hand, Morocco is facing a number of natural disasters, especially the drought wave that the Kingdom has not seen for four decades, and fears of the repercussions of drought in Morocco are increasing, since the Moroccan dam stock does not exceed 27% of their capacity, and Morocco is classified under the water scarce line, which The World Health Organization puts it annually at 1,700 cubic meters per person, while this share does not exceed 600 cubic meters in the Kingdom.

A severe drought has recently hit the Al Massira dam, the second largest dam in Morocco in the Settat region in the west of the Kingdom.

And the Moroccan “Rue 20” website stated that the Kingdom is suffering from the lack of rainfall for the fourth year in a row, and according to a report issued by the Ministry of Equipment and Water, the national rate of filling of the large dams in Morocco were only 29.2 percent until mid-July 2022, a decrease of almost half over the same period as last year, which amounted to 45.2 percent.

He pointed out that the government has decided to implement a program to conserve water, in addition to allocating more than one billion dollars to help farmers suffering from drought.

He explained that this involved implementing restrictions on the flow of water distributed to consumers, as well as banning the use of potable water to wash cars, fill swimming pools and irrigate golf courses and green spaces.

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