Major General Khairat Barakat, head of the Statistics Authority, said that the agency oversees the presence of the number of ministers responsible for announcing the results and indicators of the Egyptian family health survey 2021. .
Barakat added that health for all represents one of the most important goals of the Egyptian government, as it is one of the main pillars to ensure the quality of life, which is the highest goal that all health programs try to achieve. The recent period has seen the political leadership’s interest in public health through many initiatives in this area, such as the initiative to end the waiting lists, the 100 million health initiative, as well as the women’s health initiative and the initiative for early detection of the health status of children and school students, all of which had a positive effect on promoting the health level of the citizen, and reducing the negative effects of the Corona pandemic that the world has been exposed to since the end of 2019.
In order to follow up and evaluate achievements in the field of population and health development, it was necessary to rely on up-to-date, accurate and reliable data that help to monitor changes and trends in population conditions for different periods. The Egyptian Family Health Survey is one of the most important surveys as it provides important results about the conditions Population and health at the national and governorate level, hence the state’s interest in the implementation of this 2021 Egyptian family health survey, which was carried out by the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics. .
The Egyptian Family Health Survey 2021 is a continuation of the series of population health surveys that started since 1988 and under which seven surveys were implemented, the last of which was in 2014.
The Agency was keen to apply the same methodologies so that the results could be compared with those issued by previous surveys.
In this context, the agency did a lot of preparatory and field work to ensure compliance with international standards and quality of work, which included the preparation of forms in accordance with the objectives of the survey and the needs of all stakeholders and their approval by the technical committee, as well as the determination of the size of the basic sample for the survey and its distribution in accordance with scientific standards and allow to obtain estimates of indicators at the level The national, different regions and governorates, while at the same time the consistency of the applied methodologies with those used in the previous series of population health surveys to facilitate comparisons between results.
This survey is conducted for the first time with purely national funding, and it was implemented using the latest information technology to collect data by tablet and send it directly to the databases of the device.
Today, the main results of the Egyptian Family Health Survey 2021 will be presented, covering basic indicators in several fields, including:
Prayer levels and their deviations.
Family planning and sources of access.
Pregnancy and childbirth care.
Child health and vaccinations.
The nutritional status of children.
– Attitudes of young people about family planning and the optimal number of children.
The results of this survey are a basis for measuring the performance of population health programs, as they provide an important database to identify future interventions needed to meet the challenges of population growth and health challenges.
From the results the following becomes clear:
A decrease in the fertility rate to 2.85 children per woman, compared to 3.5 in 2014, and an increase in the rate of use of family planning methods, contributing to the achievement of the national goals to control population growth. and increasing the level of family planning use.
The fertility indicators in the survey were shown to be consistent with the indicators calculated from vital statistics (fertility rate and birth rate).
The data also indicate that there have been achievements in reducing fertility rates in different geographical areas to varying degrees, which requires urgent study to identify the determinants and reasons for this, which can be benefited in the development of programs and interventions in different geographical areas. areas.
The results also showed a clear improvement in the indicators of pregnancy and delivery care. In contrast, the rate of caesarean sections increased significantly, and this represents a burden on the government sector in particular and families in general.
The results also indicate a decrease in the rates of female circumcision among girls 0-19 years to 14% compared to 21% in 2014 due to the major efforts during the previous years.
The data indicate a decrease in the mortality of children (1-4) years to reach 3 children per 1000 births, compared to 5 in 2014, while the data indicate a high level of anemia for children under five years, which reaches 43%. , compared to 27% in 2014.
The agency is also currently preparing to issue the final report on the results of the survey, which will include all the detailed results, especially at the governorate level, which will undoubtedly contribute to the formulation of local programs and interventions to achieve population and health goals to achieve and support the state’s efforts within the framework of the national project for the development of the Egyptian family and a decent life. .