On the second of last June, Queen Elizabeth II appeared for the last time from the balcony of Buckingham Palace as she greeted the crowds who had gathered to see her on the occasion of the platinum jubilee of her accession to the throne in Britain.
And attention is always drawn to the balcony of Buckingham Palace, which for more than a century has been a key element in the image of the British royal family, whose members appear on it during coronation ceremonies, weddings and major events.
Over the years, the balcony has become a facade for the British royal family, and after being an element of its interaction with the crowds gathered behind the fence of Buckingham Palace, the image of the British monarch commanding the crowd salute, spread all over the world.
This method of greeting the crowds dates back to Queen Victoria, who introduced the custom into royal life in 1851 at the opening of the Great Exhibition.
Since that occasion, the balcony has witnessed some of the most remarkable moments in the life of the royal family and the history of Britain.
What is the story of Buckingham Palace?
Buckingham Palace is one of the landmarks of London and the United Kingdom, it is the official residence of the kings of Britain, and has witnessed many events related to the royal family, be it joy, crises or problems , and from there also the press releases of the royal offices were issued.
The palace is the seat of many meetings and visits of state leaders, in addition to being an important tourist destination, and more than 50,000 people visit the palace annually as invited to banquets, lunches or dinners, receptions or celebrations of the royal garden , and the palace also contains state rooms that are open to visitors every year.
Buckingham Palace is a strong starting point for seeing many of London’s sights and landmarks, whether you’re seeing the River Thames, St James’s Palace, Big Ben, Piccadilly Square and others.
gradual build up
The construction of the palace goes back several centuries, and the land of the palace was a royal farm owned by Edward the Confessor (1042-1066 AD), king of England of Saxon origin, and Henry VIII (1491 -1547) king of England, in 1531, was James I (1566-1625) He is the king of England and Ireland (1603-1625) and also the king of Scotland (1567-1626) planned to be a silkworm farm to produce silk after taking the throne, but abandoned the idea.
Despite these royal activities on the grounds of the palace, it was not built by the royal family, but by the Duke of Buckingham “John Sheffield” in 1703, who built the house in a simple way – it makes ‘ a large part of Buckingham Palace. today.
In 1761, Buckingham House was sold to King George III for £21,000 as a home for his wife, Queen Charlotte.
In 1762 work began on rebuilding the house, to the King’s requirements, to Sir William Chambers’ designs, at a total cost of £73,000.
It was then developed in 1820 to be a majestic palace, and Parliament agreed to allocate a budget of 150,000 pounds sterling to complete the required transfers, but the King put pressure on Parliament and it 450,000 pounds raised.
The main building was preserved, but doubled in size, with the addition of a new wing, the rooms of which looked out over the garden to the west. The exterior design of the palace, covered in Bath stone, reflected the French neoclassical style favored by King George IV, and the rooms rebuilt were the formal and semi-official “state rooms.” since then.
Who lives in Buckingham Palace?
Queen Victoria, the first to stay at Buckingham Palace, was a British king and queen, in 1837, just three weeks after they ascended the throne. It has since become known as the British Royal Palace.
In June 1838, she was the first British queen to leave Buckingham Palace for the coronation, and the queen’s marriage to Prince Albert, in 1840, soon revealed flaws in the palace. One of the serious problems for the newlyweds was the lack of rooms for children, and the presence of a very limited number of bedrooms for visitors, so the only solution was to build a fourth wing in its place, so that the palace was surrounded by buildings of its four corners.
Both George VI and Queen Elizabeth are known to have refused to leave the palace during the Second World War, making it an ideal target for German raids, and they may have stayed in the palace given their knowledge of the secret tunnels which has not been discovered until now despite all the years and all the maps drawn for it.
How many rooms in Buckingham Palace?
The facade of the palace is 108 meters long, 120 meters deep (including the central square) and 24 meters high. The palace has 775 rooms, including 19 state rooms, 52 royal and guest rooms, 188 staff rooms, 92 offices and 78 bathrooms.
The palace is lit by more than 40,000 light bulbs and its 760 windows are cleaned every 6 weeks to keep sunlight in.
The palace is a largely business building, a pillar of Britain’s constitutional monarchy, housing the offices of staff and aides to the Queen and the late Duke of Edinburgh, and their families.
It is also the official residence for major royal ceremonies, foreign visits and appointments arranged by the royal family, and the “state rooms” form the core of the palace as the seat of business.
The palace, in addition to the kings and princes, includes more than 800 workers and more than 350 hours, which are maintained by a working team that works constantly to control these hours.
Buckingham Palace is adorned with precious masterpieces that form part of the Royal Collection, one of the world’s most important art collections, but this does not make it a museum or an art gallery.
Not the grandest of royal palaces
Buckingham Palace is not the country’s largest, with Windsor Castle being the largest, the largest and oldest inhabited castle in the world, and home to the royal family for nearly 1,000 years. The property is hosted there.
Windsor Castle is located in the English county of Berkshire, dates back to the period of William the Conqueror, and covers an area of approximately 45,000 square meters. Windsor Castle, along with Buckingham Palace in London and Holy Road Palace in Edinburgh, is one of the most important official residences of the British Crown.