Benign uterine polyps .. Symptoms and methods of treatment .. Video | Health and beauty | Saraya News Agency

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Benign uterine tumors are growths attached to the inner wall of the uterus that extend into the uterine cavity, and occur as a result of the overgrowth of cells in the lining of the uterus. These tumors are usually benign, although some of them can be cancerous tumors or develop into cancer (tumors).precancerous benign disease).

disease index
The sizes of these tumors vary from a few millimeters (smaller than a sesame seed) to a few centimeters (the size of a golf ball or larger), and these tumors are attached to the uterine wall in the form of a large base or a thin bone, and one or more tumors may appear, They usually stay inside the uterus, but sometimes they can move through the opening of the uterus into the vagina.

Uterine polyps are more common in women going through a complicated stage of menopause (menopause), but they can also affect younger women.

Symptoms of benign uterine tumors
Symptoms of uterine polyps include:

Irregular menstrual bleeding (experiencing frequent and unexpected periods of varying duration and intensity).
Bleeding between menstrual periods.
Excessive menstrual periods.
Vaginal bleeding after menopause.
infertility;
Some women have light bleeding or spotting, or no symptoms at all.

Necessity to consult a doctor
Get medical help if you:

Vaginal bleeding after menopause.
Bleeding between menstrual periods.
Irregular menstrual bleeding.
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Causes of benign uterine tumors
Hormonal factors play a role in the development of benign uterine tumors, and these tumors are sensitive to estrogen, meaning that they grow in response to the movement of estrogen.

Risk factors for uterine polyps
Risk factors for uterine polyps include:

Enter menopause or menopause.
Hypertension.
obesity;
Take tamoxifen (a medicine used to treat breast cancer).
Complications of benign uterine tumors
Uterine polyps are associated with infertility. If you have one of these polyps and cannot have children, removing the polyps may help you get pregnant, but the evidence to support these theories is inconclusive. If your doctor suspects that you have a uterine tumor, he or she may order one of the following tests:

Vaginal ultrasound

A thin, wand-like device is placed inside the vagina, and it emits sound waves to create an image of the uterus and its internal structures. The doctor can see the tumor if it is present, or recognize it as an area of ​​thickened tissue of the endometrium.

The doctor may use another procedure that involves injecting salt water (saline) into the uterus through a small tube connected to the vagina and cervix, and the solution expands the uterine cavity, giving the doctor a clearer image of the inside of the uterus. during the ultrasound examination.

hysteroscopy

The doctor places a thin, flexible endoscope that contains light into the uterus and cervix, and into the uterus itself. The doctor uses this scope to examine the inside of the uterus.

Endometrial biopsy

The doctor may use a suction catheter inside the uterus to collect a sample for laboratory examination. The presence of uterine polyps can be confirmed by taking a biopsy of the endometrium, and the tumor may not be detected by this biopsy.

Most uterine polyps are benign, but some precancerous changes, or uterine cancers, can look like benign uterine polyps. Your doctor will suggest that you remove the uterus and send a tissue sample to be examined, to make sure you do not have uterine cancer.

Treatment of uterine polyps
To treat uterine polyps, your doctor may suggest the following:

wait carefully

Tumors that are not asymptomatic usually go away on their own, and treatment for small tumors is not necessary unless there is an increased risk of uterine cancer.

pharmaceutical

Some hormonal medications, such as progestins, can reduce symptoms of a tumor, but taking these medications is a temporary solution, as symptoms usually return when the medication is stopped.

surgical removal

The tools used during the hysteroscopy to see inside the uterus help to remove the tumor, and the tumor is sent to the laboratory to be examined under a microscope. If a uterine tumor contains cancer cells, your doctor will begin by talking with you about the next steps in the evaluation and treatment process. It’s rare for a uterine polyp to recur, but if it does, you’ll need more treatment.

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