Lack of sleep in children leads to high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity and even depression
Sleep is essential, necessary and essential in the life of all living things, not only humans. Everything that is alive needs sleep to survive. During sleep, the brain sorts and stores information, replaces chemicals and even solves everyday problems while you’re immersed in the world of dreams, as the Children’s Health Platform mentioned in a recent report.
This is for adults. For children, sleep is much more important to them. This is because their bodies and vital systems are still forming and developing, and studies have shown that children who get enough sleep regularly experience significant improvements in attention, behavior, learning, memory, and overall mental and physical health. compared to other children who did not get enough sleep. .
And not getting enough sleep can lead to high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, and even depression, in young and old, the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) said in a statement.
Researchers – from the University of Maryland, USA, studied data on 8,300 children aged 9-10, with a specific focus on how much sleep they get each night, and what this means for their health and success years later.
The researchers found that children who slept less than they should at an early age had significant brain physiological differences, markers and certain cognitive characteristics in later years.
Study co-author Professor Zi Wang and professor of diagnostic radiology and nuclear medicine at the university said: ‘We found that children who did not sleep enough had less than 9 hours a night, less gray matter or a smaller volume in certain areas of the brain responsible for attention These differences persisted after two years, memory and control, compared to those with healthy sleep habits, and these differences persisted after two years, a worrying result indicating that long-term damage to those who do not not getting enough sleep. , according to what the “Inc” platform said in a recent report. .
Published in The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health, a peer-reviewed scientific journal, study co-author E. Albert Reis said: “Sleep is often overlooked during busy childhoods, filled with homework and extracurricular activities. But now see us how it can be detrimental to a child’s development.”
Several previous scientific studies have shown that children who have regular bedtimes end up getting better results in school and in life, and they have shown that sleep “cleanses” the brain and these studies have also shown that adults who do not get enough sleep at risk of developing serious diseases related to In the brain, as mentioned by the “Ink” platform in its aforementioned report.
What is the recommended sleep duration for a child?
Sleep times vary depending on a child’s age, and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends:
- Babies 4 to 12 months: 12-16 hours
- Children from 1 to 2 years old: 11-14 hours
- Children 3 to 5 years old: 10-13 hours
- Children 6-12 years old: 9-12 hours
- Teenagers from 13 to 18 years: 8-10 hours
These times were determined based on the findings of a panel of 13 sleep experts, who studied and analyzed 864 scientific articles to formulate the above recommendations, the academy said in its report.
Some children find it difficult to fall asleep, wanting to stay awake for longer periods of time to play and have fun, while others suffer from the opposite; Any sleep longer than necessary. In this context, experts at the Johns Hopkins Hospital for Pediatrics – on its official platform – provide a number of important tips for mothers and fathers to help children get the recommended amount of sleep.
Experts emphasize the importance of establishing a fixed and fixed bedtime for adults and children, as the routine should ideally start at the same time every night, and as soon as the sun goes down, start to “calm the house down” by doing the following take steps:
- Dim the lights throughout the house, especially in children’s rooms.
- Stop using electronics and screens at least an hour before bedtime, and this applies to both adults and children.
- Cut back on caffeine.
- Take a warm bath.
- Do a quiet family activity like reading a short book.
- If your child wakes during the night, return him to his room with as little noise as possible.
- Set a wake-up time when the child is allowed to leave his room The child can play quietly until that time if he wants, but do not allow him to leave his room before the set time.
What should parents do if these procedures don’t work?
If your child has daytime sleepiness or behavior problems at school that you think are related to a lack of sleep, you should definitely see your pediatrician. Do not give your child any “sleep medication” without first consulting a doctor. Because many of these medicines are not safe for children.
Sleep is a blessing from God – Glory be to Him – for men and creatures, and it is not among the principles of modern education to allow your children to stay up as late as they please. Setting a fixed bedtime and sticking to it is a necessary and essential thing, even if your child tries to trick you into earning another hour by staying up late.
Children are very smart about this; They watch you, know your weaknesses and exploit them to get what they want. Our advice to you is to stick strictly to the date and time specified for it, regardless of all justifications, arguments and circumstances.