Racism from life essays to literature: the play (the virtuous prostitute) as an example
The displaced Syrian who suffered from the racism of his countrymen’s sectarianism, and was licensed by his intellectuals such as “Nabil Fayyad and Adonis” and considered him a terrorist or an ISIS project, the Syrian who by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs has been commodified as a source of income, since it increases the prices of his passport and reduces its value to be treated like an animal in the institutions of the regime The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, this Syrian is his seed and it is his “virtuous” leadership, the Syrians who are quotas and bargain with false leaders who claim to represent him, who do not care about him or his detainees, nor to achieve a small part of justice! How surprised is he that the experience of racism reflects on him? As it happens in Lebanon and Turkey?
As long as the criminal remains at large and continues to practice the horrors of murder under torture and unparalleled criminality, how will he be protected this creature who has left everything behind to let the world fail him before him?
Jean Paul Sartre and American Racism
I will make an approach to Sartre’s virtuous prostitute game to understand violence motivated by hatred, incitement and discrimination and to excavate the roots of racism in the light of what Syrians witness in their countries of exile.
Sartre’s play unequivocally denounces American racism, making the “virtuous prostitute” a blatant example of injustice in a racially biased legal system throughout the ages. The work was inspired by an incident that took place in the early thirties in the American South, where two white American girls accused nine African-American teenagers of sexual assault, and the teenagers were tried with unjust punishments ranging from death to imprisonment for 75 years, without conclusive evidence to prove the incident, and the case was named after the Scottsboro Boys case. The French writer drew from it his famous play “The Virtuous Prostitute”, which was to be published in 1946. To raise a lot of controversy about it, its subject is racism in the American South in the 1940s, where a senator and his son try to persuade a prostitute to accuse a “negro” of attempted rape, to kill his son who tried to assault her, acquit and charge The negro whose friend was killed in defense of a prostitute and who paid for the attempt to save her, nothing; Just because he is a “negro”, not native! The work revolves around the two main characters “Lizzie”: a naive white prostitute, who calls her client “Fred” a devil, and “Fred”, the second central character, one of the prostitute’s clients who “keeps coming out of the quoting the Bible”. , an indication from the author that there is racism-motivated Religion, and racism out of race.
Various forms of persecution
The story begins in Lizzie’s bedroom, between her client, Fred, who is negotiating with her about her wages, to take the argument between them about yesterday’s incident, when Lizzie was riding a train, the senator’s son picked her up assaulted the train and happened to have two young negroes in the cab. , so they intervened to enforce it and get rid of him, so the white young man shot one of them to kill him, and the other negro escaped. Fred tries to testify against the negro with Lizzie that she was assaulted, and threatens to throw her in jail for prostitution. He only knows the streets.” In the end the senator forces the girl to sign the testimony against the negro and the senator leaves.
How can different forms of oppression intertwine and interact, and ultimately turn against a weak black man, whose only fault is that he is not a native, Lizzie faces scorn, abuse and ridicule from Senator and Fred, and as she was a poor worker she would command at least some respect by using her honor to advance its social and economic status and promote the fulfillment of its desired need at the cost of the lives of two persons, one death and the other threatened with death.
Fred: What’s between you and this nigger, why are you protecting him?
Lizzy: I don’t know him!
Fred: So what?
Lizzy: I just want to tell the truth!
Fred: The truth! Ten Dollar Prostitute Wants To Tell The Truth! There is no such thing as real! There is white and black, and there is only this!
After a while, Lizzie is surprised by the negro entering her room through the window and asking her for protection, so she tells him the truth about her and how she saw him, then promises him to correct the mistake and promises to protect him in her. apartment until things calm down. The play reaches its first climax when the negro comes out of hiding in the bathroom and Lizzie appears confused; The whole town decides it’s the culprit, all the men who met the police, the senator, and she was raped! She began to question her own experience and the black man also began to admit that he felt guilty! Although he did nothing, why? Because, as he put it; “White people” therefore do not simply appear as a physical victim; even worse; A psychological victim of white racism, using every institution and its power to convince him that he is inferior.
Lizzie: Do you know why they’re chasing you?
Negro: Because they think I hurt you.
Lizzie: You know who told them that, what do you think?
Negro: Why did you do that, madam?
Lizzie: I ask myself that question too!
The Negro: They will not have mercy on me, they will whip me in the eyes, they will pour jugs of oil over me…
Lizzy: Don’t you want to choke me?
Negro: These people often force others to say what they do not believe.”
As Fred pursues her and watches her closely, to discover the Negro, the Negro tries to escape from Fred, who follows and shoots him, and the Negro escapes. Lizzie points the gun at him and threatens him with death. Stede, Lizzie put the gun out of her hand and remained silent.
Lizzie: Shut up, you won’t laugh at me again with your mother’s legend!
Fred: We made this country, and our history is its history…
You dare shoot all of America!”
You can’t shoot him because he’s from the Clark family he came from, which is the embodiment of American history and American values! Where we find him recounting the family achievements and mentioning the virtues of his first grandfather who “cleared the forest and killed all the Indians”, and his other grandfather was a friend of George Washington, and built this city and died to fight for American independence, his great grandfather saved a group of people during the great “San Francisco” fire, His other grandfather built the Mississippi Canal… In other words, Sartre makes this hypocrite, domineering and psychologically disturbed racist a model of pride in the history and culture of Americans, and places his disgusting personality at the heart of the American novel. His presence is contrary to his national affiliation! This is a necessary point in the theatrical work, since the boast about the love for homelands and their fanaticism makes the individual not distinguish between his belonging and loyalty to his homeland and what he considers invasive plants, so that weeds inside the garden washed as “harmful”! Because it is located only within the scope of its walls. As for the racist; He does not have a question of building a society or a dialogue of cultures, enrichment and the exchange of experiences, but rather to purge society of those who come to it from abroad. Those who make laws are the powerful, so that they can lead the weak, in a way that achieves their interests first, and from here we dig the thick root of that racism practiced on weak refugees who were forced to leave their homelands What the theatrical work wanted to convey to us, of the alliance between the senator and the white prostitute against the “negroes” to please only profits and advantage l, so that the same act would be done by a leader of political currents in order to antagonize other parties who offer humanitarian support or sympathy for their conditions, at the expense of the wounds and pains of others. Refugees who are forced by living conditions to live on this land to remain, hatred and racism are not only beliefs or psychological states, but rather political weapons that are deployed with serious consequences, as is happening to Syrians in countries of asylum, of practices that are almost daily, and in this context we note that Sartre refused a Nobel Prize, for what was known about this award of sectarian and gender tendencies and capitalist claims. We also point out that the play received widespread controversy, Sartre was accused of anti-Americanism, and it was turned into a French film. Many thinkers and writers defended the prostitute who, although her work is a sin, is a virtue had what surpassed. those who work in politics.
1. We point out that Sartre’s choice of the subject of the prostitution profession is not a matter of promoting pornography; Rather, it is the worst thing that can be harassed by society or humiliated by women.
2. The play was performed in the sixties in Egypt, where the artist “Samiha Ayoub” played the role of a prostitute.
3. The virtuous prostitute, Jean-Paul Sartre, translated by d. Abdel Moneim Al-Hanafi, 1st Floor, Madbouly Library
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