Although the “Urban Dictionary” defines golf on the Internet as entering the Wikipedia page that is not on the appointment and trying to access a specific page using only the links within the Wikipedia pages, it wants say without using the search box, golf is actually something else entirely.
Golf is one of the sports played with a racket and a ball where players use more than one type of racket to drive the ball into holes located in specific places on the course in the fewest number of strokes possible. Unlike most sports that rely on ball and racquet, golf is not played on a specific area or course in the usual sense of the word, and moreover the handling and adaptation to the terrain and nature of the field is one of the important things for success in this game.
The origins of the game of golf historically
The invention of golf dates back to the Scots in the fifteenth century, but the roots of the game earlier are not clear. However, some historians suggest that the origin of golf is the Roman game known as Paganica, in which players hit a padded leather ball with a hooked stick. This game spread across continental Europe with the Roman tide, from where it morphed into what we know today as the game of golf.
Other historians believe that the origins of the game are Chinese and go back to the “hit the ball” game that was popular in China during the period between the eighteenth and fourteenth centuries. In one of the historical Chinese books, a drawing appears of a courtier swinging a stick similar to a golf club with the aim of hitting a small ball to land in a hole in the ground. These historians believe that golf moved from China to Europe during the Middle Ages.
The golf course contains either 9 or 18 holes and a starting area called the tee box in reference to the small tool on which the ball rests at the start of the game and its name in English is the tee. It is usually made of wood, but it can be made of any other material, including plastic or metal. The difficulty of the golf course’s terrain varies so that the player can put the ball into the hole, which usually contains a box or a cup on which a flag is erected to indicate the location of the hole.
How is golf played?
- Golf can be played by any number of players, but it is customary to limit the number of players in a game to 1-4 players.
- The game begins with the swing of the club or racket from the starting area to the hole in a specific order that the course predetermines.
- The ball is entered once by each player in each hole and then moved to the next hole until the 18th or 9th hole is completed twice.
- A typical 19-hole round of golf takes about 4 hours.
- The game starts when the player hits the ball from the starting area (The Tee Box) after placing it on the small piece called the Tee, whose job is to lift the ball a little off the ground to make it easier make to hit it with the stick or the racket.
- It is permitted, but not required or necessary, to use this piece for the first stroke of each hole.
- Usually the first stroke in a match is long to reduce the number of strokes, and for this purpose a long wooden racket with a large head, called the driver, is used.
- For the next shots, which are usually shorter than the first, shorter rackets with higher numbers are used, which may be metal.
- It is common to have obstacles and long spaces where the ball gets stuck and slows its arrival to the hole, requiring a greater number of hits. There are also obstacles that require short strikes with the aim of changing the path to avoid these obstacles, such as water pools and fountains or the so-called sand traps.
- In some games, a player can hit the ball an infinite number of times to get it in the hole.
- In some other games, a player may “surrender the hole” when it is mathematically impossible to win after the opponent gets the ball in the hole early.
- It is also possible in some cases to “give the hole” when the number of strokes of a player exceeds the average number or the hole has been awarded three strokes.
- The previous two rules help to reduce playing time and avoid frustration and injuries that can occur to players due to stress and fatigue.
- The golf course can be quite large, sometimes 6.4 km between the starting point and the 18th hole.
- Players may or may not cut a distance greater than the distance between the teeing ground and the last hole during their strokes, lane changes, crossing obstacles, and more.
- Players carry large golf bags with their putters on their shoulders, use wheeled golf bags, or hire someone to do the job for a fee.
- The person who holds the player’s golf bag is called Caddy and he may give the player advice but he is not allowed in all leagues and matches.
- Electric golf carts are used to reduce fatigue, shorten playing time and allow play for people who may not be able to walk great distances.
Penalty goals in the game of golf
Two strokes are usually added to the number of strokes it takes a player to field the ball and this is the primary penalty in golf. There is also a penalty of exclusion from the game when the offense is repeated or when major offenses are committed. Among the penalties in golf, we mention:
- The ball that is lost or out of bounds adds one stroke to the player’s strokes.
- Add one stroke to the player’s strokes if he moves the ball.
- Two penalty kicks are added to the player’s kicks if he plays the wrong ball.
- Two penalties are also added to the player’s hit score if he hits the opponent’s ball.
- A player may receive a penalty of exclusion from the game if cheating or non-compliance with the rules of the game leads to poor play.