Seven Olympic sports canceled or reintegrated… What is it?

The British Encyclopedia Britannica published a report reviewing the seven major sports that were excluded from the Olympic Games or re-integrated at a later date.

In its report, translated by Arabi21, the website said that the process of adding, canceling or reintegrating a sport into the Olympics is based on its international popularity.

golf

Prior to 2016, golf had only been held as part of the Olympic Games twice, once at the 1900 Paris Olympics, which included an event for both men and women, and another in 1904 in St. Louis, Missouri, then a group meeting another for the women. After a 112-year hiatus, the sport returned to the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro.

bobsleigh race

One of the dreaded Olympic sports, bobsleigh returned to the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, Utah. The sport was previously featured at the 1928 and 1948 Olympic Games in St. Moritz, Switzerland, where the racetrack is located, appears. called “Christa Run”, the construction of which dates back to 1884. Since the sport was mainly limited to this track, it was excluded from the Olympic Games for more other tracks, which gave the sport an opportunity to increase its popularity. It quickly became popular due to the many thrill seekers who like to launch their bodies into twisting icy tracks and slide at speeds of up to 93 miles (150 km) per hour, directing their movements with their shoulders and knees.

rugby

Although unpopular during the 20th century, rugby has been a leading sport in Europe for some time, as this official 80-minute, 15-player Olympic sport predates some modern Olympic games. Its prominence in the Olympic Games is attributed to Baron de Coubertin, the founder of the modern Olympic movement, who was a fan of the sport.

But when he left the IOC, rugby was excluded from the Olympics and remained marginalized until the IOC voted to return it to the Summer Olympics, which began with the 2016 Olympics in Rio de Janeiro due to the dynamic and fast-paced nature of the sport. But the number of players was reduced from 15 to seven and the duration of each half was limited to seven minutes. The increasing popularity of the sport internationally has led to the IOC’s overwhelming support for its return to the Olympic Games, with the sport seeing an increase of 2.6 million players between 2011 and 2016, bringing the total number of international players to 7.2 million in 120 countries.

tug of war

This strength-based game was an Olympic event between 1900 and 1920. It consists of teams of five competing to pull the rope towards them. Sweden, Great Britain and the combined national teams have already achieved the most victories in these years. The gold medal was won by an American team represented by the Milwaukee Athletic Club in 1904, and the British team by the City of London Police Club won it in 1908. Unfortunately, this game was eliminated after the 1920 Olympics in Antwerp, Belgium.

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Baseball and softball

Baseball has always been a showtime event at the Summer Games. But in 1992 it was added as an official Olympic sport, with softball joining four years later. But in 2012, both were canceled from the Olympics, the first time since 1936 that the International Olympic Committee reduced the number of sports. Professional baseball players were often not allowed to compete in the Olympics because they coincided with the Major League Baseball season. In 2016, it was announced that baseball and softball would return to the Olympic roster at the Tokyo 2020 Games.

curl

Each team in this game consists of four players who push a smooth, round rock (20 kg) on ​​a square of polished ice to a target (the center of the circle) about 130 feet (40 meters) away. As the rock is moved, two players sharpen the ice in front of its path, causing the ice to heat up and creating a layer of water that slows it down. Although the sport may seem mysterious, it has been around for a while and dates back to Scotland in the early 16th century. It was presented at the first Winter Olympics in 1924 in Chamonix, France and then emerged as a demonstration sport between 1988 and 1992.

Synchronized swimming

Synchronized swimming was one of the most recent Olympic Games, making its debut at the Los Angeles Games in 1984. The sport has two main events; Bilateral synchronized swimming and single synchronized swimming. The two events were organized at the 1988 and 1992 Olympics, but were replaced by the synchronized team swimming event at the 1996 Atlanta Olympics. The duo was brought back for the Olympics in 2000, but the single never resurfaced .

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