The Rabat-Salé-Kenitra region adopts the reuse of treated wastewater |
The problem of water scarcity is one of the most important challenges facing the Kingdom in light of the scarcity of rainfall and the risk of drought. The government is working to implement a set of measures that will contribute to overcoming the crisis, in response to the high orders of His Majesty King Mohammed VI.
His Majesty King Mohammed VI, on the occasion of the opening of the first session of the second legislative year of the eleventh legislative term, on Friday, October 14, 2022, called for the activation of the new national water plan to be accelerated, as well as for the state to strengthen its voluntary policy in the field of water, and to correct the delay in this sector.
In a speech he addressed to members of Parliament, His Majesty the King said: “To confront this situation, we have taken a set of proactive measures since last February, within the framework of the plan to deal with the consequences of to combat drought, with the aim of providing drinking water, providing aid to farmers, and preserving livestock.”. His Majesty emphasized that “aware of the structural nature of this phenomenon in our country, we have always given full attention to the problem of water in all its aspects. We devoted several workshops to this issue, which culminated in the production of the priority national water program 2020-2027 We have also been keen since assuming the throne to: Continue the construction of dams as we have completed more than 50 dams including large and medium in addition to 20 dams in the process of being completed.”
His Majesty the King continued by saying that “regardless of the size of the fallout, during the coming years, we are eager to accelerate the completion of the projects included in this program in all regions and regions of the Kingdom. In particular, the completion of the construction of programmed dams, water connection networks and seawater desalination plants. In addition to promoting the targeted orientation of water conservation, especially in the field of irrigation.
His Majesty emphasized that “the problem of drought and water scarcity is not only limited to Morocco, but has become a global phenomenon, which is aggravated by climate changes. The current state of water resources questions us all, the government, institutions and citizens. , requires us to be honest and responsible in dealing with it and addressing its weaknesses.
In this regard, His Majesty the King focused on four main directions in his sublime speech.
The first trend lies in the need to launch more ambitious programs and initiatives, and to invest in innovations and modern technologies in the field of water conservation and waste water reuse.
The second trend also relates to the need to pay special attention to the rationalization of the exploitation of groundwater, and the conservation of water beds, by addressing the phenomenon of illegal pumping and random wells.
Regarding the third approach, they emphasize that the water policy is not only a sectoral policy, but rather a common matter that affects many sectors. This requires, His Majesty added, “continuous updating of sectoral strategies, in light of the pressure on water resources and their future development.”
As for the fourth approach called for by His Majesty, it is the need to consider the real costs of water resources at every stage of their mobilization, and the transparency and awareness it requires of all aspects of these costs.
Conservation of natural water resources
In response to the high instructions of His Majesty King Mohammed VI, a large-scale project was launched to reuse treated wastewater to irrigate public green spaces and golf courses in urban areas in Rabat, Salé, Temara and Skhirat, with the aim of dissemination of experience to the rest of the Moroccan regions and cities.
The wastewater reuse project is a critical option to face the challenge of the lack of water in the country, which necessitated a comparative process to open up to similar international experiences, which showed that the project to reuse treated waste water for the irrigation of public green spaces in urban areas of Rabat, Salé, Skhirat and Temara, is one of the One of the most important projects in the world.
This project will mainly enable the conservation of natural water resources, improve the wastewater potential available in the region, in addition to reducing the flow of residual pollution released to the receiving environments (Abu Regreg Valley as an example), and increasing the environmental standards of pre-moderated or sewage treatment plants that are planned to be created, by reducing the increasing pressure on traditional water sources. And by aligning the region with the principles of sustainable development by increasing the environmental performance and sustainability of sanitation projects.
This project, financed thanks to the partnership brought together by the Ministry of Equipment and Water, the Ministry of Interior, the Wilaya of the Rabat-Salé-Kenitra region, and the rest of the stakeholders, is based on the irrigation of public green spaces and urban golf courses in the urban areas of Rabat, Salé, Skhirat and Temara through a reuse system with a network of 130 km long equipped with six Three treatment plants, with a capacity of no less than 56 thousand cubic meters On the currently 190 kilometers of the network are used, with a daily production of 36 thousand cubic meters per day.
It is noteworthy that the coverage rate of the treated water reuse system in Rabat reached 94 percent, and in the implementation of the royal directives, during the opening speech of the autumn session, and in light of the current water situation, it was agreed to use non- conventional water to irrigate large areas, regardless of its nature. Such as sports complexes, universities, departments, etc. By the end of last September, the total consumption of potable water in the city of Rabat decreased by 10.8 percent thanks to the use of non-conventional water for irrigation and the improvement of the performance of the potable water network, achieving a gain of 4.1 million cubic meters.