The terms of the draft agreement brokered by the United States to demarcate the maritime border between Israel and Lebanon revealed that “this agreement aims to achieve a permanent and equitable solution” to the long-running conflict .
The terms of the draft, a copy of which was obtained by Al-Hurra and excerpts of which were published by Reuters, said: “This agreement shall enter into force on the date on which the United States Government sends a notification confirmation of the agreement of each of the parties to the provisions set forth in this agreement.”.
On the day Washington sends this notification, Lebanon and Israel will simultaneously send identical coordinates to the United Nations that determine the location of the maritime border.
The parties agree to maintain the status quo near the coast, including along the current line of sea buoys.
Lebanon and Israel intend to resolve any differences over the interpretation and implementation of this Agreement through discussions facilitated by the United States.
The first section of the conditions said: “The two parties agree to establish a maritime boundary line. The demarcation of the maritime boundary line includes points indicated in coordinates, and these points are connected to each other, according to the data of the World Geodetic System WGS84, by means of geodetic lines, latitude and longitude.”
According to the 10-page draft, divided into 4 sections: “These coordinates define the maritime boundaries as agreed between the two parties for all points located seaward from the most easterly point of the maritime boundary line, without prejudice to the status of the land boundary.”
In order not to prejudice the status of the land border in the future, it is expected that the two parties will demarcate the maritime border located on the landward side of the easternmost point of the maritime border line in the context of the demarcation of the land border or at the appropriate time after the demarcation of the land boundary.
Until such time as that area is determined, the parties agree to maintain the status quo near the coast as it is, including along and as defined by the current line of sea buoys, notwithstanding the different legal positions of the parties with respect to this area which is still not specified.
In its second part, the draft talks about the possibility of hydrocarbon resources of commercial viability currently unknown, at least in part, in the area that makes up the Lebanese Block 9, according to the two parties, and in the area that makes up the Israeli Block No . 72, at least in part, in the understanding of the two parties. , hereinafter referred to as the “Potential Reservoir”.
Exploration and development activities in a potential reservoir will be carried out in accordance with the good practices of the oil industry in terms of gas conservation in order to achieve maximum efficiency in the field of recovery, safety of operation and environmental protection, and that they comply with the laws and regulations which is in force in this area.
The two parties agree that the relevant legal entity enjoying any Lebanese rights to hydrocarbon resources in the Lebanese Block No. 9 to explore and develop, a company or companies with a good reputation, international, and must not be subject to international sanctions (…) and not be Israeli companies or companies.Lebanese.
The parties understand that Israel and the operator of Block 9 are separately engaged in discussions to determine the extent of Israel’s economic rights from a potential reservoir. Israel will receive compensation from the operator of Block 9 for its rights to any potential reserves in the potential reservoir; For this purpose, Israel and the operator of Block 9 and Israel will enter into a financial agreement before the final investment decision by the operator of Block 9.
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Israel must cooperate in good faith with the operator of Block 9 to ensure that this agreement is completed on time. Lebanon is not responsible for or a party to any arrangement between the operator of Block 9 and Israel. Any arrangement between the operator of Block 9 and Israel does not affect the agreement concluded between Lebanon and the operator of Block 9, nor on Lebanon’s full share of its economic rights in the potential reservoir.
Section IV states: “The parties intend to resolve any differences concerning the interpretation and application of this Agreement through negotiations facilitated by the United States. The parties also acknowledge that the United States intends to use its best efforts to used, together with the parties, to help create and maintain a positive and constructive atmosphere for conducting discussions and resolve any differences successfully and as quickly as possible.
This Agreement shall enter into force on the date on which the Government of the United States of America sends a notice confirming each party’s agreement to the terms of this Agreement.
Lebanon and Israel announced Tuesday that they had reached a historic agreement to demarcate a disputed maritime border, after years of negotiations brokered by the United States.
Although the agreement is limited in scope, it will represent an important settlement between the two countries, two enemies with a long history of conflict, opening the way for offshore energy exploration and a source of new tensions between the two countries relieved, according to Reuters.
On the details of the agreement, a senior Israeli official told The Associated Press on Tuesday that “it will allow Lebanon to produce gas from the Qana field, but it will pay fees to Israel for any gas withdrawn from the Israeli side become.”
Lebanon is working with French energy giant Total on preparations to explore the field, although actual production could take years, according to the agency.
The official added that the agreement would also leave a “line of shackles” in place to serve as a de facto border between the two countries.
The source spoke on condition of anonymity because he was talking about negotiations taking place behind the scenes.
Lebanon hopes that gas exploration will help pull the country out of its escalating economic crisis.
Israel also hopes to tap gas reserves while easing tensions with its northern neighbor.
According to the agreement, this water will be divided along a line along the strategic natural gas field “Qana”, according to the Associated Press.
The agreement demarcates the boundaries between Lebanese and Israeli waters for the first time, and also establishes a mechanism for both countries to obtain revenue from Total Energies’ exploration of an offshore gas field that straddles the border.