“Franks of Gum … Travel on the Wings of Knowledge” “3-5”

At five o’clock in the evening we attended a lunch invitation held by the “Egyptian Film Syndicate” and the “Union of Arab Artists”, in honor of the participants of the “Labban Trips”, in the presence of “Sayed Al -Tayyar” , one of the union officials, to whom brother Muhammad Al-Rahbi was presented “a souvenir from Dar Luban”. And a group of novel publications by the Omani writer Dr. Saeed Al Siyabi, a member of the delegation of the trip. have great thanks for their high initiative, and thanks are also owed to Dr. Khaled Al Zadjali, the famous Omani director, who has strong friendships and close relations with members of the Egyptian Film Syndicate, and artistic figures in Egypt, and other countries The world, and I wanted nothing but our participation in the programs of this trip, despite his many worries and his participation in the “Alexandria Film Festival”. Cats and dogs in the streets, alleys and alleys of Cairo are harmonious with each other, they graze on human waste that satisfies their hunger, and preserves their survival in life, as the environment they live in has its share of tragedies and lessons that make it content with little and preserves for its partners in the bed of earth and the quilt of heaven their right, to go on a procession Life is in harmony and harmony. As for at night, do you indulge in barking for which you do not know the motives, is it hunger and lack of food, or an expression of dissatisfaction and misery, or joy and peace of mind, foreplay, courtship and inviting the partner to his partner ? Or did she want to share with the needy poor who work hard and seek a living so that they overtake them in their day … And he knew about dog loyalty, or were the reasons and motives all united and they had sleep from them taken at night to annoy the rich, the empty-headed, and those who are freed from misery and toil, so that their slumber is so distressed?? When it comes to advertising and promotional content, no one can master it like the Egyptians, luxury, rhyme, humor, a mix of colloquialism and Arabic, poetry and prose…The few words that express deep meanings and connotations, and many tasks and advantages , constantly draw our attention to surprise, admiration and wink… On the morning of the second day of our cultural tour in the Egyptian homeland, we took our seats on the morning train at eight o’clock to Alexandria, to take his place visit. main tourist, historical and cultural landmarks, and the “Bibliotheca Alexandrina” was our most prominent destination, where every Egyptian, and even an Arab, has the right to be proud of this scientific-cultural-artistic-tourist building, which very much functions and purposes as a research center Studies, a scientific forum, a historical memory and a portfolio documenting the events and history of the Egyptian eras political, cultural, social, economic and military … and the biographies of its personalities, works, achievements and famous sayings, and the transformations that Egypt has witnessed and observes, and monitoring predictions and future expectations. It is a very ambitious project that is expected to embrace the whole of Arab history, and in general, the library It plays socially, scientifically. and enlightening roles through monitoring, research, experimentation and collaboration with similar and supporting regional and high institutions. Mia, Dr. Moustafa Elfeki notes in an article published by Al-Ahram on the eleventh of October that the Library of Alexandria received “a number of maps and important documents related to the era of geographical discoveries…” from the State of Portugal. The library hall, which includes about two and a half million books, is one of the largest library halls in the world, and it oversees many rooms, halls and various museums with antiquities, manuscripts, documents, old collections, photographs and maps, including the possessions of the Egyptian president Anwar Sadat, and his biography. Among the most important annexes of the library, in its hall we saw an impressive half-hour documentary on astronomy, using modern technology. Talking about the Bibliotheca Alexandrina needs many pages and articles, and all the information, tasks and roles are available on its website. In the majestic “Qatibay” castle, located in the far west of Alexandria, and one of the main destinations of the “Bride of the Mediterranean”, we took a number of commemorative photos documenting a special day in human life. From “Tel Al-Raml Square” and before returning to Cairo, we chose some of the interesting titles for the books we carefully selected from the kiosks scattered in the square, and we were overwhelmed with joy by the precious treasure of knowledge we have gained. On the fifth of October we flew to Aswan in preparation for the Nile cruise, on board the vessel “Princess”, which will take us to Luxor, which is the most important and exciting program and the main motivator for me to participate in this beautiful cruise; To be the first experience in the course of my visits and travels to various countries of the world. From the plane’s window the sea of ​​sand stretched from Cairo to Aswan, while the Nile appeared in its blue and pure waters, sometimes in the form of small streams plunging between the sands, and sometimes its lakes, bounties and floods expanded and extended to wide areas. And the barren mountains are civilizations that follow one after the other and leave behind these treasures, monuments and great buildings whose discoveries continue for centuries to this day. What would Egypt have been like without the great Nile? And would the “gift” of the Nile exist without it? The competent and articulate tour guide – which we prepared as an asset to add to this trip – gave us a detailed explanation of the Egyptian civilizations that arose since the ancient civilization, the civilizations that came to Egypt such as the Greek, Roman, French and British, and the states and kingdoms of the Islamic civilization with its golden ages, and revealed a series of temples, monuments and churches included in “Aswan”, whose name is derived from the “Swan stone” as it is known, is extracted from its mountains to build temples, churches, great mosques and Egyptian palaces throughout civilizations. Because of the cracks that weakened its foundations, the High Dam was built with funding from the Soviet Union in a political issue and fierce competition with the United States. States of America and Israel escalated, and history books and newspapers documented its events in detail in that heated period of conflicts and challenges. From the banks of the Nile, we took the tourist boat equipped with furniture and comfortable chairs to visit a selected Nuba village and learn about the shape and design of the architecture of their houses, which is a masterpiece with its iridescent colors, hanging domes, and brick building materials, and the details of their lives and their general culture that constitute a unique characteristic and an ancient style that has continued and continued until Today the Nubians still live in those villages in the old style, and Camel caravans still travel through their alleys and markets to play many roles in the life of Nubian society, which has made them a thriving tourist destination, especially for Westerners who are thirsty to dive in and get to know these cultures and patterns. one From these houses we ate “meshaltet. ” or Egyptian pie with local honey and cheese, made in the same old way, and we drank the special Nubian tea. On our return to the “Princess”, the tour guide drew our attention to the shrine of “Aga Khan” Sultan Muhammad Shah Al-Husseini, imam of the Ismaili Shia sect, an architectural landmark that stood alone in a remote location. The world whose surprises, secrets and worlds full of stories, situations, biographies of characters and historical events? The tour guide confirms that Sultan Muhammad Shah Al-Husseini suffered from rheumatism, which made him unable to walk on his legs, and competent doctors failed to treat him, so a “friend advised him to to visit Aswan,” and he moved in there. 1954 AD with his “wife, his entourage and a large group. One of his followers, a Nubian sheikh instructed him to “bury half of his lower body in the sand for three hours a day for a week, so the recipe succeeded in treating him, and he returned to the hotel on the last day and relied on walking on his feet, and the Agha died in Aswan, and after two years was buried here in this mausoleum . From his death, his fourth wife, Umm Habiba, began practicing a tradition that relied on planting a rose on her husband’s grave every day during her stay in Aswan. “He promised the gardener to plant the rose daily her absence, and after her death her body was moved to be buried next to her. man in his grave.” The Temple of Philae, whose monuments, columns and chambers stand on the banks of the Nile in Aswan, is one of the important cultural buildings built by the Greeks during their occupation of Egypt, following the advice of the priests who requested them to pay attention to the ancient Egyptian religion and build temples to gain the trust of the Egyptian people, in exchange for consolidating their footing and controlling the wealth of the Egyptian people. The rituals and practices of the ancient gods of the Egyptians continued in this temple until the year 400 AD, even after all the people of Egypt converted to Christianity. The temple was completely flooded by the Nile after the construction of the High Dam, so it was saved by UNESCO and reassembled in a place close to its original location, and whoever sees it in its present form has no doubt that it was not in his previous place. The “High Dam” or Lake Nasser, symbolizing the era of nationalism, dignity, struggle and Arab will, and the majestic leadership that commanded its respect and was represented at the level of prestige by the nation, Gamal Abdel Nasser, who succeeded in that. in building this ambitious water building and breaking the power and tyranny of Western imperialism led by the United States of America. The plaque has words expressing that will, symbolism and status “thanks to the immortal leader Gamal Abdel Nasser and the exploits of his struggle and his continuous struggle for freedom, socialism and unity…” We took some group photos in front of the memorial and the tomb of the great thinker and writer Abbas Mahmoud Al-Akkad, the son of Aswan, who was born and lived his early life there. While the Fatimid cemetery, distinguished by its large domes, near the tomb of Akkad is located, and contains the remains of many leaders and members of the family that ruled Egypt during the period of “969-1171 AD.” Aesthetic paintings are formed in front of the relaxed person on the deck of the “Princess” vessel which robs the heart of a person who lives moments of time between the worlds of imagination and reality. The villages of Upper Egypt and their farmers who are actively plowing between palm and mango plantations, sugar cane, figs, bananas, citrus and an der, harvest the fruits, fertilize the land and water it from the Nile canals, and move to carry the harvest on the backs of donkeys. Children, men, elderly and women, while practicing the rituals and programs of their lives, unaware of what is going on outside their quiet and beautiful villages. Aesthetic paintings are formed and colored in various colors, they disappear and other scenes are born from their wombs , the green countryside and the sandhills behind it, the sunset and sunrise and the night sparkling with stars and moon in the dark sky, Flying birds of all kinds and formations, and the page of the Nile, reflected in its mirror, dozens joyous sights and sounds of nature, and hundreds of living creatures living within me. In its arms… it places the tourist, the contemplator and the seeker of peace, tranquility and comfort before the reality of the beauty of Egypt, and the emotional, civic, historical and cultural link between it and its immortal river, in what the Prince of Poets Ahmed Shawqi said: “The lovely Nile is Al Kawthar * and the sky is its green shore * the light of the page and the view * what a delightful mole And what I see.”

Saud bin Ali Al-Harthy

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