Cyberbullying… Psychological refractions and fears affect children, and specialists warn

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Amman – “There are many forms of violence and the same damage.” Physical or verbal abuse is no longer the only form of harm to children. Indeed, with the ease of access to social networking sites, “cyberbullying” has become one of those faces that parents overlook, and the authorities concerned with children’s affairs have warned them about. .
And with the interaction of the world, a few days ago, with the International Children’s Day, which fell on the twentieth of this month, talking about many rights that have become “incomplete” against a large part of children in the world , several studies have come out that talk about the existence of new forms of violence and bullying, which is one of the updated forms, which appeared with the wide distribution of social networking sites.
Recently, the national study on violence against children in Jordan and forms of bullying and electronic violence showed that the percentage of children facing this type of violence reached 13.2%, even in at least one form of violence.
Psychological, educational, social and family effects that the child may experience, and some of them find no one to help them get rid of the consequences of this violence, and even others live in their families, but they isolate themselves from the world , and this pain can appear through reactions that affect Society on the child, can cause very serious consequences for him and society.
Expert in confronting violence against children and forensic medicine consultant, Dr. Hani Jahshan, in his interview with Al-Ghad, said that bullying is repeated aggressive behavior by one or more attackers against the child victim, with the existence of a real or perceived difference in power between them, and the victim’s feeling of powerlessness and weakness to defend himself and with control. The abuser, and there is a great intersection between bullying that occurs directly against the child at school, and bullying that occurs through the Internet, both of which verbal violence, ridicule, reprimand , include ridicule, contempt, the spreading of rumours, and exclusion from groups of friends.
Jahshan claims that cyberbullying should not be tolerated, and the painful truth for many children is that digital devices and the internet have become a fertile environment for them to be exposed to this form of violence, depriving them of a normal life which guarantees the preservation. of their dignity and rights, especially since this violence and bullying can come to them from Through “social networking pages, text messages, group games or e-mail”.
The danger in violence and cyberbullying, as Jahshan sees it, is that the perpetrator of cyberbullying can be anonymous to the victim and reveal it later, and the occurrence of this form of bullying does not require the presence of the perpetrator in the victim’s own home. not. location, in addition to that information related to bullying is published digitally, and can Access to it is often by the public, and it is impossible to control it in the future after it is published on the Internet.
All this makes the child who is subjected to violence and cyberbullying feel constant fear and brokenness with far-reaching psychological consequences, with “repetition of the harm of bullying”.
Many news stories have been about cyberbullying, but the steady increase in the percentage has become a “danger bell” for the lives of children, given the great difficulty for them and their families to withdraw from the virtual world. Therefore, the trainer and educational expert, Dr. Ayesh Al-Nawaisa affirms that it is very important to know the cyber bullying that takes place through modern technologies and means.
Al-Nawaisa confirms that cyberbullying, which we have often talked about, has many forms of abuse, verbal violence, abuse and sarcasm, or by “hacking accounts and threats” or contradictory messages related to society, including mocking a person’s tendencies, ideas, appearance, race and other forms of bullying.
Today, Al-Nawaisa points out that the forms of bullying and violence have changed with the presence of the virtual world, and we see it in many aspects in our society, and wrongly imposing opinions are practiced in it, as in the transmission of the culture of the other and try to impose and dominate it, especially on children, thereby expanding its space, “Unfortunately, we may not have the tools and the means to adequately protect children and young people.”
“Electronic bullying” of children, Al-Nawaisa believes, has become an “infectious disease” and is widespread, especially with the exchange of videos and photos without “there being a wall to stop it,” those clips related keep with ridicule between children or peoples and cultures in society.
Al-Nawaisa emphasizes the need to focus on finding educational, legislative and legal controls to protect children, and this can be by spreading the culture of “media education” in the school curricula from the first grades, and the introduction of the method of handling and use of these technologies and the electronic revolution, so that it does not reflect negatively on the behavior of children, child and relationships with the rest of the family.
This bullying, which takes place in secret or in public, has many consequences, which Jahshan mentions, the most prominent of which is to “make victims vulnerable to stress, anxiety, fear, depression, confusion, anger, lack of a sense of of security, low self-confidence, a sense of shame and disturbances that can reach the point of suicide.” Parents should be well aware of the seriousness of these consequences, says Jahshan, by observing the clear indications of the bullied child, such as his feeling of discomfort, tension and anxiety during or after using the Internet, acting confidentially and overprotectiveness while on his phone, for example, and withdrawal from life Socially in general, angry outbursts while at home or school, moodiness, eating and sleeping disorders, and avoidance of talking on digital devices or cell phones.
Among the most important of these manifestations of cyberbullying, according to Jahshan’s speech, are “verbal harassment in open chat rooms, publishing information about the child through emails, pictures or video clips, targeting and sexually exploiting the child through these means, and impersonating the child’s identity and name by the abuser and then communicating in a harsh, negative manner that distorts the child’s social image and reputation, in addition to ostracizing the child in chat groups or on communication pages, sending threatening and humiliating messages repeatedly through an unknown person, or by portraying him as a bully, harassing him and publishing his photos on the Internet.”
In order to reduce this serious bullying, Jahshan emphasizes the importance of the competent authorities facing their responsibility towards the child, giving priority in the national strategies to confront bullying and violence to the Ministry of Education in public and private schools, and activating initiatives to confront especially violence and bullying. As cyberbullying transcends geographical boundaries, prevention and response mechanisms between regional and global countries are still primitive and must be given real priority.
The social responsibility of international companies and local telecommunications companies, which are still in a state of chaos and practically absent, must also be activated, and they must participate in prevention and response, whether scientific or financial, in national programs, and it must done by passing legislation for national communications companies that obligate them to participate financially in prevention and response programs in most countries.Vulnerable to violence and cyberbullying.
All these causes, effects and consequences lead to a psychological change that develops until it reaches its most dangerous stage, especially in children. Therefore, clinical psychologist Dr Fidaa Abu Al-Khair believes that cyberbullying, in its various forms, must be identified and addressed .Until the communication networks did not make the confrontations face to face, and this leads to daring others.
According to Abu al-Khair, the effects of bullying can be similar, whether direct or electronic bullying, but “electronically you can be an unknown person” and the increase in the volume of bullying, which can reach the level of character assassination, through systematic campaigns , in addition to the multitude of sources of bullying. This contributes to doubling the volume of anger, and this can be reflected in real life, and the person can become more violent towards those around him. In addition, a person can be “mobilized” to defend himself, and Abu Al-Khair believes that reducing this can be by “turning to the competent authorities, as in cybercrime,” which can help to identify the real threat to the child to reduce, prosecute offending people, and strengthen trust in the individual, and the provision of psychological care, either to the bully or the one being bullied, because the bully misses an important part in the formation of his life and children the arts learn from positive response and ignore bullying.

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