Rabat – “Al-Quds Al-Arabi”: The city of El-Jedida, located on the Atlantic coast in Morocco, shows its joy and beauty from the beach of Sidi Bouzid, to the rest of the wonderful features of its authentic life, and tells the story of belonging to the homeland and resistance to colonialism from Portugal to France, as it emerges – on the other side – as evidence. Distinct and tangible from the intersecting influences between European and Moroccan cultures, which are manifested in architecture and urban planning. , where modern urbanism is adjacent to its ancient counterpart, and continues in modernity along with the development and prosperity of the rest of Moroccan cities.
The new biography is full of facts and events, and today it is a strip of pride for the Doukkala tribes, who consider their capital next to the capital of Abda Asfi. This region occupies an important place in the Moroccan economy, as one of the lungs of agriculture in the country as a whole, and is also a seaside resort and a successful industry on an international scale.
The roots of the name and the fragrant history
The city of El Jadida, whose name was given to the ancient Berber coastal center of Mazagan, became Mazagan that the Portuguese wanted, in relation to its inhabitants of Berber origin, and the ancient Latin historians Rutubis and Rozepis, and perhaps before them, by the Carthaginian traveler Hanoun, it was called Accra, who preserved it for many centuries. Despite its falling into the grip of the Portuguese occupation in 1514 and their possession of it for more than two and a half centuries, until the success of the Alawi Sultan Muhammad bin Abdullah in 1769 to free it.
The Portuguese transformed it into a castle with a moat and curved walls that testify to the application of Renaissance architectural concepts adapted by Portuguese technology to the arrival of the firearm.
However, the measure of the Portuguese garrison commander to blow up an important part of it before the evacuation led to its non-reconstruction, so it was called the demolished, and it remained so until Sultan Moulay Abd al-Rahman bin Hisham ( 1822) reconstructed and strengthened it, therefore he called it the new and was known among those Moroccans, while he retained the name Mazagan in European writings in general, and French in particular.
The expansion in the history of the metropolis / center is revealed to the naked eye in Al-Jadida by those exploits, signs and evidences that indicate the succession of multiple civilizations that chose to live in it, and worshiped it to the point that they wanted to live above his land and under his sky.
The Portuguese neighborhood, in turn, indicates the owners of the name who left their mark there in their most important and last colonies, when the city regained its name, and returned again to Al-Jadida, after its independence within the total independence of Morocco from the French colonialism that extended its influence over the country from 1912 to 1956.
The purity of Bedouinism and the originality of Doukkala
This coastal city, despite its urbanization and its immersion in the depth of civilization throughout history, its people insist that they belong to the pure and authentic Bedouins, and the word Al-Arabi has become a sign of the boy of the capital of Doukkala and also applies to the people of the city of Casablanca, since both of them are in the same neighborhood and the expansion of Bedouin purity nests in the breasts of their children together.
In the summer, its location makes it a destination for the people from other cities who live in heat in the cold days. On the east side we find the city of Marrakech, on the north side there is Casablanca, while on the south side side of El Jadida, we find Asfi. This strategic location made it the summer capital for the people of the capital of the palms, Marrakech, and the people of Essaouira.
Al-Jadida is not like other coastal cities, and it is a strange thing that the visitor feels, perhaps the general atmosphere of the inhabitants, and perhaps the sense of its generosity and expansion in time and space, and perhaps because she again distinguishes is by the beauty and kindness of its climate and its moderation too, not to mention those wonderful beaches that invite meditation and relaxation in all seasons of the year even winter days.
The city, which has known progress and prosperity in its various aspects of civilization and culture since the Middle Ages, is in the shape of a peninsula, surrounded by water on almost every side, and its beaches are numerous, among which the most famous are Sidi Bouzid, Deauville and the Haouzia. For the delegations of visitors to Morocco from different parts of the world, not only the sea has a hand in this fame and privilege, but there is also the forest and the mountain, which the beautiful neighborhood and the mosaic of nature that the Creator carved out and gifted for a city as big as a dream. As for the urban monuments, this is one of its strengths and attractions, since the oldest of them dates from the sixth century, and here it is necessary to refer to some of them, such as the Portuguese quarter and the port, which houses one of the most important celebrations of Doukkala, which is the season of the saint Moulay Abdullah Amghar, and in which many poems were sung and recited by the creators of the art of Aita. During which the world rises and never sits still, it is divided between traditional dances , falconry, and definitely the Taborida, where the tribesmen duel to show their skills in horsemanship and playing with guns.
The name of Al-Bureijeh is part of the city’s memory, and it is a diminutive of the punch of the tower, and it is the love of the people of Doukkala to be the adjective for almost everything a diminutive adjective yes, even if a man finds fault with something, he is called “Roegel” and a woman is reduced to “Mariwa” and the cup in turn becomes “good” in the dialect of the Moroccans and not in the dialect of the brothers in the Arab East.
To talk about the history of Al-Jadida in all its details requires sailing in the correct sense of the word, so the reference here is sufficient to the most important features of this ancient history, and we remain captivated by the beauty and the purity of it. charm and attractiveness, like a tall, strongly built and stunningly beautiful woman who waters herself from the valley of Umm Al-Rabi’ that separates her from her sister Azmur.
One of the main advantages of the city of El Jadida is also that it has several factories, the largest of which is the Jorf Lasfar complex, where the phosphate factory and the export port are also located. The economy is also tourism, and it has a lot to offer. the visitor to see, and it also has an abundant share of agriculture.
El Jadida is also the city of creativity, and we have the best evidence in the municipal theater, as it is a historical landmark and has become a cultural symbol, and it has been the site of many performances, and it has also witnessed the rise of big names in Moroccan cinema.
Poets have a long history, from the colloquial Aita, to the modern poem, through the vertical. As for the novel, it is an event and there is no embarrassment, not to mention the short story, and the cinema in turn is present in this creative flow of the capital of Doukkala. The novelist Noureddine Waheed, the storyteller and literary critic, the ever-loving Rabbi, and the film critic Khaled Al-Khudari… Among the big names theatrically, we find the late artist Muhammad Saeed Afifi, and we will not forget to mention an artist who was focused on the survival of the municipal theater, and he is Ahmed Jawad, who left his mark with this cultural struggle together with Plays masterpieces by the Moroccan public.
Many of the names that appear after they are dug into the memory of the unlimited giving of the new, and disappear in our diaries, but their imprint remains strong and establishes pure cultural action.
Talking about art and creativity leads us to talk about Al-Aytah and those social poems whose poets excelled in producing them in the most beautiful and eloquent manner, composed and sung with strong voices by women called “Sheikhas” and they are creative and artists, including resistance to colonialism as well.
To talk about Al-Aita, we stick to what was known from it, and as for its depth, it is entrusted to the researchers who gave a lot to this original art, and we mention the poet Hassan Najmi and others among them.
Today, the city of El Jadida experiences a constantly renewed joy. The season of Moulay Abdallah Amghar begins the story and culminates in the annual Persian exhibition, organized by the Persian Exhibition Association, and in it you will find the originality and ancient Moroccan heritage related love horsemanship and its various aspects.
Today, the horse exhibition has become one of the characteristics of the city of El Jadida and its main stations, through which the horse is introduced and the traditions associated with horsemanship are demonstrated, giving the Moroccan identity its original dimension. The importance of the exhibition is shown by its organization under the patronage of the Moroccan King Mohammed VI, and it becomes a kiss for Moroccans and a moment of celebration of the Moroccan heritage in the field of equestrian sports.
In addition to the Persian exhibition, Al-Jadeeda also hosts other cultural and artistic events, and we do not forget the daily celebration of the cultural donation of the people of the city through local associations that hold meetings, evenings and book signings on a permanent basis.
The endless visitor tour
One day may not be enough to tour the main landmarks of the city of El Jadida, and despite that, the euphoria of the visit leads you to the Boave lighthouse, and it is necessary to walk over the water of the Portuguese watering can . The churches are also present by Our Lady of Light, St. Bernard and St. Sebastian.
As for the old city of El Jadida, it is a maze of beauty, spreading its space effortlessly and opening its doors to every orphan lover in the capital of Doukkala, and even a passer-by takes his share of the pleasure of the eye and the air of originality and carry on.
Also among those monuments, the stairs lead the visitor to the Kasbah of Boulaouan and its surroundings and walls, the Kasbah of Oualidia and the Kasbah of Dar al-Baroud, these are some of the places that a visit to El Jadida is not considered complete not. without access to, besides others whom space does not allow to name more of them.
In short, the temptation in the city of El Jadida has no limits, it starts with history and the desire to learn more, and ends with the best and most beautiful views ever from the sea, forest and mountain, and for every lover who wants have, golf is available, and surfing is also available, hotels are varied, including those classified for those with high and medium budgets Even cheap, as for restaurants, it is a story on its own, between the meal, the latest style and the latest fashion, to authentic dishes, moderately priced, and fish also tells the most delicious flavors in various forms, textures and cooking methods too.
In short, in Al Jadida there is no such thing as boredom, every day is new and discovers what was hidden the day before the visit, and it is not surprising that UNESCO has chosen it as one of the most beautiful and best historical buildings in the world not. and it is registered as a human heritage.