A natural person needs sleep a lot during his day, just as he needs food, drink and other necessities for the continuation of his life. People’s sleeping habits and the number of hours they need vary according to their age and the nature of their body. .
Adults and adults can sleep five or six hours a day to perform their vital functions well. While children need about 17 hours a day.
Sleep is the first important vital function that the brain performs at the beginning of a person’s life, and its performance of this function varies according to the biological clock that regulates the rate of activity and sleepiness during the day, and it changes according to age of the person and his general health status.
Parents often ask about the necessary and sufficient time for their children to sleep and what are the healthy and necessary habits for the child to have a peaceful and stable sleep.
Naps in children and their importance
Naps in children are very important and necessary to get enough rest for the body and mind, and it helps to improve their mental efficiency and psychological stability.
As soon as the parents feel that their child has shown signs of sleepiness and fatigue, he should be taken to bed to accustom him to proper sleep and the skill of sleeping from an early age.
Problems a child may experience when sleeping
Some children may suffer from various sleep disorders, such as disturbing dreams, nightmares, compulsive sleep, sleepwalking and night terrors. These problems can cause insomnia, wakefulness, reluctance and avoidance of sleep, and can affect his psyche and general character. , so he becomes nervous, tense, and has a bad mood, and he may need to consult a doctor to take the necessary advice on how to deal with this situation.
The most important thing is when parents feel the presence of these problems or one of them, they should surround the child with good care and tenderness, give him love and get close to him so that he can overcome these problems and stabilize his psyche.
The number of hours of sleep in children according to their age
Each age group, from birth to adulthood, requires a specific number of hours of daily sleep that are necessary and sufficient for normal growth. The following are the number of daily hours required for each age:
Babies, i.e. from birth to six months
At this age, the child needs about eighteen hours a day during the night and day, and the child can sleep more than four hours at a time, day or night. In this case, the mother must wake the child to feed him. And this number of hours that a child needs because his biological clock is not complete enough.
In the following weeks, until the age of three months, the child sleeps normally and continuously for four or five hours if he has had a good meal, and this is nothing to worry about.
At the age of three months, the number of hours of sleep required for the child is about fifteen hours a day, and this is divided into two periods, a day period of about six hours, often divided into two separate periods, and a night period of about nine hours, during which he may wake up once or twice, or he may sleep continuously through it.
At this stage of life, the body releases certain hormones that are necessary for the child’s physical development, learning abilities and skills in the future.
Children from six months to 12 months old
A child of this age needs fourteen hours of sleep during the day, divided between night and day, and most children go to sleep between six and ten hours in the evening, and a child of this age needs about half an hour to to fall completely asleep.
A child at this age may wake up more than once during the night to eat a meal.
During the day, children need two naps, which are at least one to two hours each time.
Children from one to three years old
Children at this age need about thirteen hours of sleep a day, and it is a mistake to think that if a child does not sleep for a few hours during the day, he will feel sleepy early. On the contrary, he finds it difficult to sleep because he is tired and his body is exhausted.
Children from three to five years old
At this age, the child needs ten to twelve hours of sleep a day, most of which is during the night.
The surrounding environment and the influences around him at this age can affect him, the activities he performs, the mental stimulation and even the social influences around him, such as his presence in an atmosphere of anxiety, tension and negative feelings.
Children from six to thirteen years old
At this age, children need about nine to eleven hours of sleep a day, often at night, and this is sufficient for him. As the age increases, the child’s sleep patterns change and the number of hours decreases.
The most important healthy sleep habits for children
There are many healthy habits that are recommended that give the child a restful and stable sleep and enable him to sleep soundly for the number of hours necessary for his age, and these habits include:
- The preparation of the child’s room before bedtime in terms of the appropriate temperature, comfortable light, and the preparation of the bed for the child.
- Determine the operating hours of television and electronic devices of all kinds, turn them off at least an hour before bedtime and remove them from the child’s bedroom at night, if possible.
- Organizing a specific time for sleeping and waking up is as close as possible and times for dinner with a good interval from bedtime to give the child a feeling of comfort and to be able to sleep without any problems.
- Accustom children and make them aware that sleep is an excellent healthy habit that is very necessary for the body and has great benefits for public health, even if the parents have to sleep next to them for some time to convince them of this.
- Avoid putting the baby to bed with a bottle of milk or juice, and make sure he eats his food and breastfeeds him until he’s full before going to sleep.
- Train the child in certain personal matters, such as bathing, brushing teeth, or reading a book and listening to calm music.
- The child does some sports and motor activities during the day, and this consumes his energy and gives him a sense of the need to sleep to rest.