School homework… a “glitch” in students’ sleep

Investigation: Muhammad al-Mahi
School hours start at six in the morning, with students waiting for the school bus, and it ends late at night to do homework and study. Students, especially those studying in the first cycle, go to schools, half asleep, and then return in the evening exhausted, groaning from the burdens of a purse that exceeds their weight, then they go into a break. They eat a quick snack and get off again to do the homework the teachers send in at night, and bedtime is pushed back later to make room for studying.

This is the life cycle of students, a cycle that cannot but cause academic and health problems in addition to the physical and mental effects.

Educators and psychologists believe that the student’s long journey, which ends with the sacrifice of sleep for the sake of homework, can not only negatively affect his academic performance, but also physically and psychologically exhaust him, and his positive feelings towards his school and teachers can turn in negative feelings dominated by aversion, in addition to psychological disorders Poor focus.

They demanded a review of school homework in its current form, and a balance between the academic requirements that the student wants to achieve, and his daily family life, which is an essential part of his personal growth and development.

On the other hand, some teachers believe that homework is not a form of pressure on students, but that it is a daily effort that complements the effort made for academic achievement.

For its part, the Ministry of Education confirmed that the only place to implement student activities is the classroom, stressing that no project should be implemented outside the school.

new phenomenon

The intensity of schoolwork for students has forced some parents to agree with private tutors, because students cannot do everything that is required of them and their time is not enough, and sometimes they stay up until midnight to do homework, and teachers provide their services for 150 dirhams, provided the time of one class does not exceed two hours.

Parents of students in public and private schools in the Gulf reported that they seek the help of private teachers to solve homework, in order to maintain the balance of their social relationships, and to give their children enough time to pursue their hobbies .

And because teachers sent homework to students late at night, and so that students did not stay up late to solve it, a new phenomenon began to spread, represented by teachers who announced that they were willing to do homework instead of students, for 50 dirhams for each topic.

recent trends

«Golf» discusses this suffering that appeared recently, with the components of the educational field that can drive students to alienate themselves from the educational process, causing them a set of negative effects that affect the formation of the student’s personality.

Educational expert Mohammed Rashid Al-Hamoudi says: Homework is a controversial issue, and most educators tend to cancel it, stressing that recent trends in education indicate that it is not permissible to assign a student to homework , and that the time a student spends in school is sufficient, and his time at home is his property. He has the right to be at his disposal and enjoy it, and points out that the sacrifice of sleep for the sake of duties can negatively affect his academic performance and the psychological and state of mind of the student.

He added: “If duties are necessary, they should be active and pleasant activities of thought, pointing out that the treatment of this problem does not consist in reducing study, but rather in establishing a schedule that allows sufficient study time and allow enough sleep time.

his positive feelings

As for Dr Jalal Hatem, he believes that the recent amendment regarding school hours has forced new habits for teachers, who send homework to children late at night, making students sacrifice their hours of sleep to solve homework, and they will certainly not do not benefit and will not achieve any addition for them Academically after the long school hours, which extend from 9-10 hours a day.

He pointed out that students hate homework because it makes them spend their whole day studying from morning to bedtime, so it is necessary to reduce it, so as not to negatively affect his educational performance and his positive feelings after his school and teachers in negative feelings dominated by dislike.

He added: “It may be that the Finnish experience in canceling homework is what led to it being at the top of the list of quality in education. In the country, homework is still taken home with the student so that he it can solve it and discuss it the next day.

balance

Academician Dr. Khaled Saqr Al-Marri says, the dispute about the feasibility of homework is long and endless, especially since the numerous studies that have been done on the subject have not reached a uniform conclusion, as they have finally concluded that homework what students do at home can be beneficial for some students and harmful for others. .

He called for achieving a balance between the academic requirements that the student wants to achieve and his daily family life, which is an essential part of his growth and personal development, and affirmed that the student’s hatred of duty is part of the student’s negative attitudes. versus school as a whole, when homework takes hours to solve, it’s natural for the student to hate it.

He pointed out that the phenomenon of homework is rooted in our culture, and the teacher can impose all the exercises and work he wants, and emphasized the need to put an end to this idea, but he went back and confirmed that there are innovative teachers who do not enforce homework but rather work on projects.

He called on teachers to request logical homework aimed at consolidating learning and measuring the classroom performance of the teacher, not adding to the daily burden on the student, indicating that homework at the expense of of students’ sleep exhausts them and weakens their social and creative intelligence.

basic supervision

Ramadan Khallaf, a social teacher at the Schools of Tolerance, disagrees with the above and says that the main purpose of homework is to assess the teacher for the student and determine his level, and then provide him with the necessary support , taking into account not to limit him with duties beyond his ability, so that he does not have to spend a long time in them.. Point out that school homework is the primary means of monitoring the child by his parents.

He explained that homework is not some kind of pressure on students, and that it is a daily effort that complements the effort made for academic performance, and we should help them achieve it properly.

He added, “Homework is most effective when it allows students to review what they have learned in class, and tasks that allow them to review what they have learned during the day reinforce the knowledge gained and increase the likelihood that students will remember basic information. Homework can then help students apply these learned skills.” on other topics and practical situations in their daily lives.

pressure on students

Dr. Nawaf Al-Nuaimi, a psychiatrist, says there are negative effects due to the lack of hours of sleep on the health of students, including mental disorders, poor concentration, low production levels, fatigue and headaches, and the symptoms can have an effect on achieve the health of the student.

He added: “One of the main negative effects of staying up late is the decrease in the number of deadly immune cells, and the decrease in the secretion of a hormone that is the strongest antioxidant, and therefore the effectiveness of the growth hormone that takes work at night down, and the secretion of a hormone important in getting rid of excess salts decreases, and the level of cortisol in the blood increases.”

He continued: There is a study done by the World Health Organization which confirms that 34% of male students and 25% of 11-year-old girls feel that homework is a burden on them, and that these numbers increase with age at 70 % to reach. for girls and 60% for boys. At the age of fifteen, points out that this pressure on students, according to the WHO, leads to an increase in stress and nervous tension, and leads to dangerous behavior and health problems such as headaches, back pain and dizziness .

depression and anxiety

Dr. Jameela Al-Hassani, a psychiatrist, agrees with the above and adds: “Students who sleep less are more likely to gain weight and are more likely to feel depressed and anxious, noting that there is strong evidence that adolescents who have sleep problems are more likely to develop sleep problems.” Mental and behavioral health.

She added: “There are a number of negative consequences, as a result of students sleeping late, including a feeling of permanent physical and nervous exhaustion, a poor level of attention and concentration, their constant feeling of boredom and frustration, and a loss of the ability to think creatively and innovatively, in addition to poor social and academic intelligence, leading to a lower level of academic achievement.”

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