Alzheimer’s disease is accompanied by a gradual loss of cognitive skills such as memory, spatial perception and temporal perception, and patients and their families need the help of specialists to know the condition well and how to manage it in order to achieve the best treatment results. In the following article, a specialist explains to us Physiotherapist Zainab Al-Hadar The importance of cerebral rehabilitation for Alzheimer patients.
Alzheimer’s is a disease that causes atrophy of healthy brain cells, leading to many problems that affect memory. It greatly affects the behavior of the individual and affects his life and the lives of those around him to a very large extent.
The patient’s condition begins to deteriorate gradually, but it is not possible to know how long this may affect. This atrophy is on the cells, and the atrophy can be slow or fast depending on the different circumstances surrounding the injured person.
The causes of the disease are still unknown due to the lack of studies and the difficulty of communicating with people with Alzheimer’s and putting them through tests to discover The real causes for this, but the prominent sign of Alzheimer’s disease that can be deduced is the accumulation of a protein Amyloid beta in the brain is directly responsible for atrophy and damage to brain cells.
These factors can represent an opportunity for Alzheimer’s disease, such as advanced age, heart disease and blood pressure High blood pressure, diabetes, increased blood cholesterol, unhealthy food that lacks good nutrients and long life. A person, as well as smoking, lack of physical and mental activity, can also be due to genetic factors.
Regarding the process of diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease, it is considered a very stressful process for the patient and his family. Now there is no effective treatment for the disease, and what is currently available is a treatment Specific treatment to reduce the chance of disease progression only.
It is important for the patient’s family to pay attention to the rehabilitative role, especially in the early stages of discovering the condition Some wonder about the effectiveness of rehabilitation for someone who cannot be aware of those around him and not in his can’t meet daily needs? studies have shown that people with Alzheimer’s who received early rehabilitative care maintained their abilities functional and motor skills better and for a longer time compared to people who did not receive any rehabilitative care, because rehabilitation was This is another opportunity for the body to improve its functions, especially motor, in ways that the brain cannot absorb and send signals and activate them as necessary to carry out the required movement.
The rehabilitation program may not guarantee focus on what the person has lost in terms of abilities and skills, but it does focus on the rest of it within the framework of establishing a good emotional state with the patient to gain his confidence and him too late interaction With the required skills to be directed more interactively to increase his attention and interaction during training.
Rehabilitation with physical and occupational therapy also helps to improve and prepare the patient’s surrounding environment and guide his family in good ways. provide environment in the environment. to avoid any misfortune, God forbid.
There can be important signs that make a difference in the success of the rehabilitation process with the patient and be measured
1 – The patient’s acceptance and ability to learn the new techniques given during the rehabilitation process.
2- The patient maintains his composure without showing any behavior that could affect rehabilitation and the performance of the required tasks during training.
3- The degree of deterioration of the condition, measured by the extent of his response to the given skills and the functional abilities that the patient can measure To do it on his own in each training session.
Here are some important tips for parents of Alzheimer’s sufferers:
– A routine system should be established for the patient in which set times are set for the patient to sleep and wake up, take his medication, and his meals Daily stimuli should be reduced, especially at night.
– Encouraging the patient to practice movement as permanently as possible without falling under negative emotional influence This causes the patient to reduce the movement without a good awareness of the importance of this aspect.
– Reduction of the patient’s sleep during the day and his participation in some interactive activities, giving the patient the opportunity to sleep Uninterrupted caffeine during the night.
– Prepare the place to reduce the risk of falling by providing adequate lighting for the patient and protective equipment, either in his room or in the hospital in the places frequently visited at home.
– The patient may suffer from sudden disturbances and relapses, and these disturbances may sometimes be temporary in effect so that they affect the patient’s movement at a certain time and then return to normal after rest and may be due to fatigue Or an effort that through the body, which confuses the brain, so that it is not able to send nerve signals to the muscles in the form. well.