The head of the Saudi sovereign fund refuses to testify in the trial of Elon Musk

After Israel signed the “Abraham Accords” in 2020 to normalize relations with Arab countries, its eyes are on Saudi Arabia, which could be a boost to the Middle East peace process.

The office of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu announced on Thursday that he had discussed with US National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan opportunities to achieve a diplomatic breakthrough with Saudi Arabia, while Riyadh stipulates that the Palestinians be allowed to state in a step that precedes any stage of normalization of relations with Israel.

Netanyahu, who regained the position of prime minister last month, promised to establish official relations with Riyadh after signing normalization agreements with the UAE and Bahrain in 2020, dubbed the “Abraham Accords.”

Saudi Foreign Minister Prince Faisal bin Farhan has confirmed that his country will not normalize relations with Israel without establishing a Palestinian state.

And he made it clear in statements published by the Saudi Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Friday, through his account on Twitter That “normalization and real stability will only come by giving the Palestinians hope by giving them dignity, and that requires giving them a state.”

opportunities for normalization

The Saudi political analyst, Mubarak Al Aati, believes that “Riyadh’s position regarding the normalization of relations with Israel remains the same without any change, especially since Israel has not taken any steps to prove that it is serious about establishing relations not with Saudi Arabia.”

Al Aati explains, in response to Al-Hurra’s inquiries, that “Saudi Arabia is not in a state of hostility with Israel, but it will not normalize relations without the existence of rules and one agreed ground, and it always stands on the side of the Palestinian people, rejecting the ongoing Israeli violations, the most recent of which was the aggression.” An Israeli official visited the Al-Aqsa Mosque.

Meir Masri, a professor of political science at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, believes that “there is a real opportunity for normalization between Israel and Saudi Arabia, because of the overlapping interests and the great dangers plaguing the region.”

He added, in an interview with Al-Hurra, that “times have changed, and the way the Arab official system deals with regional issues has also changed, as the relationship with Israel is no longer an Arab taboo as in the past not.”

Report: Road to normalization of relations between Saudi Arabia and Israel ‘only a matter of time’

Although Saudi Arabia has repeatedly confirmed that it will not sign an arms deal with Israel until peace is reached with the Palestinians, state-backed media and clerics in Saudi Arabia have indicated that change is already underway with Israel, which can only happening under the leadership of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman.

Masri, a member of the Central Committee of the Israeli Labor Party, explained that “Saudi Arabia is not only a member state of the Arab League, but rather it is the locomotive that expresses the general Arab orientation in the region.”

In 2020, Israel signed agreements to normalize relations with the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Morocco, and then Sudan in January 2021.

The Palestinians considered all these agreements a “stab in the back” as they violated the Arab consensus that made the resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict the basis for any peace with Israel.

Saudi conditions for normalization

Political analyst Al Aati claims that “Saudi Arabia will not normalize relations without Israeli recognition of the establishment of a Palestinian state on the 1967 borders, which was expressly stipulated in the Arab Peace Initiative.”

He emphasized that “this kind of relationship that Israel wants requires them to take serious steps towards the Palestinians to achieve peace, as it is possible to take advantage of the Arab Peace Initiative as a map that reveals the steps to achieve peace in the Middle to reach. East.”

Israel and its Gulf allies share concerns about Iran, but Netanyahu’s return to power at the head of a right-wing, nationalist government has raised fears of an escalation of the decades-old conflict with the Palestinians, according to ‘ a Reuters report.

Masri believes that “regional peace will inevitably lead to the end of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict,” and that “Saudi Arabia has become convinced that Israel is not the obstacle to reaching a final and satisfactory solution with the Palestinian partners, and lasting peace between Israel and the Palestinians first requires a package of reforms within the Palestinian home.” .

And he points out that “containing the two parties within an expanded regional framework would reduce the scope of the existing conflict and limit the role of extremists,” adding that “there is no contradiction between the Saudi peace initiative launched by the Arab League at the Beirut summit in 2002 and the Saudi rapprochement with Israel.”

The West Bank, which is one of the areas the Palestinians are trying to establish a state, has seen a surge in violence since Israel stepped up its raids last year in response to a series of deadly street attacks in its cities.

And Saudi Foreign Minister Bin Farhan called on the Israeli government on Wednesday to get serious about resolving the conflict with the Palestinians.

Speaking at the World Economic Forum in Davos, he said the Israeli government was sending “some signals that may not be very promising,” but he hoped the government would find a solution to the conflict in Israel’s interest. and see the region as a whole. .

Washington, Riyadh, and normalization

Israeli officials claim that normalizing relations between Israel and Saudi Arabia “will not be possible as long as relations between Riyadh and Washington remain strained,” according to a report published by Axios.

Since last October, relations between the United States and Saudi Arabia have been strained, after the Saudis reached an agreement within the framework of “OPEC Plus” to significantly reduce oil production, which the administration of US President Joe Biden considers as ‘ a violation of the understanding between the two countries.

US State Department adviser Derek Chollet confirmed in an interview with Al-Hurra TV that there are “differences” that are being discussed in a “clear and honest” way between Riyadh and Washington, but “the United States has long relations with Saudi Arabia that are more than 8 decades, and there are no remaining partners.” .

Israeli newspaper reveals Netanyahu’s plan for a “normalization deal with Saudi Arabia”

New Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu will suspend plans to annex the West Bank in exchange for a normalization deal with Saudi Arabia, amid Israeli talks with the kingdom in this regard, according to Israeli media.

Cholet explained that this relationship was marred by “some differences, as happened in the seventies when the oil export embargo took place, which was imposed by Saudi Arabia after the 1973 war with Israel,” but Washington has a “strong economic partnership with Riyadh” in several areas, including “energy.”

A US official told Al-Hurra: We have differences with Saudi Arabia, but our security partnership is strong

US State Department adviser Derek Chollet confirmed in an interview with Al-Hurra TV on Friday that “the United States has long relations with Saudi Arabia that span more than 8 decades, and that they are still partners,” noting that “there are differences” that are spoken about in a “clear and honest” way.

Peace talks brokered by the United States collapsed in 2014 with the aim of establishing a Palestinian state in the West Bank, East Jerusalem and Gaza, and prospects for reviving them have further diminished since the formation of the new Netanyahu government, in which many partners are against the establishment of a Palestinian state and are pushing for the expansion of Israeli settlements in the West Bank.

What does normalization mean for Netanyahu?

According to a report published by the “Axios” website, Netanyahu “has placed normalization with Saudi Arabia as one of his main goals in foreign policy.”

George Washington University Political Science Professor Richard Chazdi believes that a formal alliance between Israel and Saudi Arabia “will help Netanyahu and Israel find a new front against Iran” and the threats it poses in the region .

In response to Al-Hurra’s queries, he said that Netanyahu should calculate “the costs and benefits that could arise from such an alliance” by normalizing relations, as it could also allow Israel to benefit from the “oil” that produced by countries in the region. , especially those who signed the agreement, Abraham Accords.

In a rare interview with a Saudi media outlet, Netanyahu looks forward to a comprehensive deal with the Kingdom

Israel’s prime minister-designate, Benjamin Netanyahu, has vowed to seek full diplomatic relations with Saudi Arabia once he takes office. Netanyahu’s comments came in an interview with the Saudi Al-Arabiya channel.

An Israeli professor of political science, an Egyptian, confirms that “Netanyahu is a statesman and visionary. He has a book published three decades ago under the title (A Place Under the Sun) in which he wrote that peace with the Palestinians first will come through. intertwined interests within an expanded regional framework in which Saudi Arabia plays a crucial role.” “.

And he considered that there is “continuity and logic in Netanyahu’s view of the relationship with the Gulf, regardless of the future of the politician,” and ruled out that “after the end of his current term he will again run for the post of first minister would run. in 2027, given his age.”

The “normalization of relations between Israel and Saudi Arabia” could represent an important point in the strengthening of Netanyahu’s “political” prestige, which means achieving a “breakthrough and an important victory” that draws the attention of the controversial distracting members of his government and his unstable coalition, according to an analysis published by the National Interest magazine.

Al Aati emphasizes that “the countries of the region should think more about security challenges, especially with the increase in Iranian threats, and stop Tehran’s practices that destabilize the region.”

Foreign Affairs Adviser Cholet commented on US National Security Adviser Sullivan’s visit to Israel and the Palestinian Territories as “very important, because it enabled communication with the new government in Israel, in which the two sides jointly commitments confirmed not to allow Iran to obtain a nuclear weapon, and the files of bilateral relations, looking for integration in the region.

Leave a Comment